Definition of craniology in English:


Pronunciation /ˌkrānēˈäləjē/ /ˌkreɪniˈɑlədʒi/


  • 1historical The scientific study of the shape and size of the skulls of different human races.

    ‘The modern and quantitative study of craniology derives essentially from the nineteenth century.’
    • ‘The medical superintendent had a long involvement with archaeology and craniology.’
    • ‘By the mid-nineteenth century there was little distinction between formal articles on craniology and studies by enthusiastic amateurs.’
    1. 1.1
      another term for phrenology
      ‘He developed a ‘science’ called craniology, which sought to use the shape and measurement of the skull to deduce intelligence ratios.’
      • ‘One of the most eminent of the early researchers who used craniology to ‘prove’ intellectual inferiority of women was Paul Broca.’
      • ‘It was predicated on the pseudo-sciences of eugenics and craniology.’