Definition of cruciferous in English:

cruciferous

Pronunciation /kro͞oˈsifərəs/ /kruˈsɪfərəs/

adjective

Botany
  • Relating to or denoting plants of the cabbage family (Brassicaceae, formerly Cruciferae).

    ‘Broccoli, along with cauliflower and cabbage, belongs to the family of plants known as cruciferous vegetables, which are rich with antioxidants.’
    • ‘DNA sequence variations of chalcone synthase and Apetala3 gene promoters from 22 cruciferous plant species were analyzed to identify putative conserved regulatory elements.’
    • ‘On the world scene, diamondback moth is ranked as the major insect pest of a large number of commercially grown cruciferous plants, including canola.’
    • ‘This unique endemic cruciferous species from the subantarctic zone is subjected to strong environmental constraints and shows high polyamine contents.’
    • ‘A cousin of broccoli, Brussels sprouts and kale - all members of the cruciferous vegetable family - mustard greens are usually served as a side dish, similar to spinach, and they can be steamed, sautéed or simmered.’

Origin

Mid 19th century from modern Latin Cruciferae (plural), from Latin crux, cruc- ‘cross’ + -fer ‘bearing’(because the flowers have four equal petals arranged crosswise), + -ous.