A country in the western West Indies, the largest and furthest west of the islands, in the Caribbean Sea at the mouth of the Gulf of Mexico; population 11,400,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Havana; official language, Spanish.
A Spanish colony, Cuba became nominally independent after the Spanish–American War of 1898 and achieved full autonomy in 1934. Fidel Castro led a communist revolution in 1959, and held the presidency until replaced by his brother Raúl Castro in 2008. The country suffered under a US trade embargo and, after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern bloc in 1991, lost much of its trade. Since 2014 trade and diplomatic relations with the USA have improved