Definition of current in English:

current

adjective

  • 1Belonging to the present time; happening or being used or done now.

    ‘keep abreast of current events’
    ‘I started my current job in 2001’
    • ‘This was done in the current research by presenting events (bets on the toss of a coin) in blocks.’
    • ‘I'm not expected to be well-educated on modern politics and current events.’
    • ‘However, they obviously did not do enough because if there was not a serious problem the current turn of events would not have happened.’
    • ‘Most often people indulge in a fight not over a current event but about something that happened in the past.’
    • ‘Has anyone bothered to ask the population at large how safe they feel in the current police presence?’
    • ‘The prospectus doesn't forecast what will happen in the current year.’
    • ‘He also updated the branch on the current happenings in the county.’
    • ‘Like all problems, however, the current perception of incompetence presents an opportunity.’
    • ‘The orchestra is made up of both past and current students from the Presentation College.’
    • ‘He said the current services that were present were insufficient because of a lack of funding.’
    • ‘I wish the producers would realise that current affairs is not the only show in town.’
    • ‘The decline of the dollar is a warning sign that current economic trends cannot continue.’
    • ‘The previews I read were all excited by this new idea technique of treating history as current affairs.’
    • ‘Unlike other diagnostic criteria, the pulse is very reactive and reflects the most current state of the individual.’
    • ‘Most current accounts pay a pitiful rate of interest, usually only a fraction of 1 %.’
    • ‘One current trend is to make the skirt panels extremely stiff.’
    • ‘What use was learning about the past when there were much more current situations to deal with?’
    • ‘The most current bibliographical entry dates from June 2003, the year before publication.’
    • ‘He is not sure whether this legislation does dovetail neatly into the current situation.’
    • ‘Itching to begin new projects while current ones still sit unfinished?’
    contemporary, present-day, present, contemporaneous, ongoing
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    1. 1.1In common or general use.
      ‘the other meaning of the word is still current’
      • ‘A common current myth about American English is that it is being ruined by mass media.’
      • ‘The attitude current at the time was that they were an inferior race.’
      prevalent, prevailing, common, in general use, accepted, in circulation, circulating, going around, doing the rounds, making the rounds, popular, widespread, rife, about
      View synonyms

noun

  • 1A body of water or air moving in a definite direction, especially through a surrounding body of water or air in which there is less movement.

    ‘ocean currents’
    • ‘In the underwater world, the lateral system sensed the currents of water surrounding the fishes' bodies.’
    • ‘It is so big it has blocked wind and water currents that break up ice floes in McMurdo Sound during the Antarctic summer.’
    • ‘The data will cover things such as water currents, wind direction and temperatures.’
    • ‘Also significant were crisscrossing layers of sediment in the rock that revealed they formed beneath currents of moving water.’
    • ‘Formed in the process of oceans, by wind and tide and currents, layers of water all lapping over each other, you rise in the dance of water and eventually fulfill your destiny and crash onto the shore.’
    • ‘Winter changes abruptly into summer, borne by warm winds and the arrival of the Climate Stream, a shift of ocean currents that brings warm water to the land.’
    • ‘The experimental tandem mission data will help scientists better detect and understand ocean currents, tides and eddies.’
    • ‘She would learn the secrets of the ocean's past, hear them whispered through the currents and waters.’
    • ‘Many huge currents of water move through the oceans often aided by the winds.’
    • ‘A stream looks like it's flowing in one direction, but there are little eddies and currents that move water in different directions.’
    • ‘Driven by forces such as wind, tides, and gravity, currents keep our oceans in constant motion.’
    • ‘It is caused by a slowing down of the Atlantic Conveyor, the current which circulates water in the ocean.’
    • ‘Elsewhere, we witness fluid arabesques that suggest currents of wind or water and a grove of green trees, their leaves knotted into high relief.’
    • ‘For example, I have assumed that the animal is active only for twelve hours each day, and I have ignored any effects of winds and water currents.’
    • ‘It glittered and it looked almost as if a current of water ran through it.’
    • ‘Air movement and thermal currents transport dust and microbial particulates; particles that become airborne then can settle on open wounds.’
    • ‘An apparition of misty light, the passage suggests currents of wind and water but the composition resists settling into the pictorial vocabulary of landscape.’
    • ‘Thoughts swirled through her mind like currents of water rushing down a section of rapids.’
    • ‘You must pick your time well, as she is often swept by strong tidal currents.’
    • ‘The normal situation has giant ocean currents flowing anticlockwise around the South Pacific Ocean.’
    steady flow, stream, backdraught, slipstream
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  • 2A flow of electricity which results from the ordered directional movement of electrically charged particles.

    ‘this completes the circuit so that a current flows to the lamp’
    ‘magnetic fields are produced by currents flowing in the cables’
    • ‘The very small particles stream through wires and circuits creating currents of electricity.’
    • ‘This interaction causes giant electrical currents to flow above our heads of around one million amps!’
    • ‘Due to certain conditions of the earth beneath dwellings, electrical currents are caused to flow, thus producing a magnetic field that extends into the dwelling space.’
    • ‘To give a bit more detail, the motion of the air causes a skin membrane in the inner ear to vibrate, and those vibrations are converted into tiny electrical currents that flow into the brain.’
    • ‘Experts used to think it was just a matter of the air being heated by particles and electric currents in the regions around the poles, where auroras occur.’
    • ‘Their faces light up and eyes twinkle as if there's a current of electricity swirling inside them.’
    • ‘In this context the resistivity of a rock means its resistance to the flow of an electrical current.’
    • ‘However, the magnet exists only when the current is flowing from the battery.’
    • ‘The direct analogy to voltage and current is the flow of water through a hose.’
    • ‘Electrocardiography records the flow of electrical currents of the heart as they move away or toward a specific electrode.’
    • ‘Electric currents result from inducing the movement of electrons within the solid.’
    • ‘Her hands juddered at her sides as if charged with an electric current.’
    • ‘The current then reverses and flows in a negative direction for the remaining milliseconds of the electrical discharge.’
    • ‘When a current flows through a wire a circular magnetic field is created around it.’
    • ‘Small currents of electricity began to surge around him, coming off of his body.’
    • ‘Turbulence within the super-hot plasma has a nasty habit of transporting the heat out as fast as colossal electric currents and particle beams can shovel it in.’
    • ‘When these currents flow across the circuitry that separates the rover chassis and power bus return, they create a small voltage that is measured and reported in telemetry.’
    • ‘Owing to this resistance, an electric field has to drive the electrons in order to maintain the current.’
    • ‘The shock wave and cloud smashed into the Earth's magnetic field, causing a huge increase in the flow of invisible electric currents in space and in our atmosphere.’
    • ‘It's a peculiar sort of pain, like a current of electricity is grinding between the broken ends of bone.’
    1. 2.1A quantity representing the rate of flow of electric charge, usually measured in amperes.
      ‘at high currents there is wasteful power dissipation’
      • ‘Then measure the voltage and current by attaching your volt meter to the two pieces of metal.’
      • ‘As discussed previously, voltage is measured in volts, and current is measured in amps.’
      • ‘A first detector detects an average of the AC current applied to the charge member.’
      • ‘Obtaining adequate power requires total currents greater than 10,000 amperes.’
      • ‘These tactics can modify the magnitude and phase relationship between voltages and currents in the power system network.’
  • 3The general tendency or course of events or opinion.

    ‘the student movement formed a distinct current of protest’
    • ‘This is why there is not a people in which these three currents of opinion do not coexist, turning man toward divergent and even contradictory directions.’
    • ‘The courts' response is generally slow, often several years behind the current of popular opinion.’
    • ‘They also provide a glimpse of the powerful social currents that shape the course of language usage in society.’
    • ‘Rather than operating from a critical distance, I seem to be swayed by the emotional currents of events like the soccer and music.’
    • ‘None of this will really be surprising to readers, as he has been writing for longer than most about the demographic and economic currents driving these events.’
    • ‘In this context, it is possible to detect two strong currents in public opinion that could be driving the next sea change in the world's perception of America.’
    • ‘He was thereby only following the prevailing current of public opinion.’
    • ‘It is not always a reliable guide to the broader political currents coursing through the Continent.’
    • ‘The general anarcho-syndicalist currents were leading radical forces until the first war.’
    • ‘The idea that at any given moment living revolutionary parties contain all sorts of currents, tendencies and trends, not all of them revolutionary, some ultra-left, is hardly new.’
    • ‘Though rap music has produced a variety of sub-genres in the last 25 years, it has recently divided itself into two general currents.’
    • ‘Indeed, the currents of public opinion are running the other way.’
    • ‘A lot of the tendencies and currents of the times favored the building up of an aristocracy based on the ownership of city property.’
    • ‘As for widespread sentiment opposing the decision, the Court had a duty to rise above raging currents of public opinion.’
    • ‘In Europe at least, there are three distinct currents.’
    • ‘Activists from Islamist, secular, communist and socialist currents from across the globe sat together sharing their views, and absorbed in friendly conversation.’
    • ‘One of the things you do is write poetry for yourself and of course, one of the themes you explore in that poetry is the changing social currents.’
    • ‘Like ocean waters, intellectual currents are always in motion.’
    • ‘It is argued that attention to both these philosophical currents is important in order maximize the value of electronic delivery.’
    • ‘It took Trotsky to persuade him that the rising must be called in the name of the soviets, which represented the different currents of the workers' movement.’
    course, progress, progression, flow, tide, movement
    trend, drift, direction, tendency, swing, tenor
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English (in the adjective sense ‘running, flowing’): from Old French corant ‘running’, from courre ‘run’, from Latin currere ‘run’.

Pronunciation

current

/ˈkʌr(ə)nt/