Definition of cytosol in English:


Pronunciation /ˈsītəˌsäl/ /-ˌsôl/ /ˈsaɪdəsɔl/


  • The aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within which various organelles and particles are suspended.

    ‘Ion-selective microelectrodes have been used to measure the activities of ions in the apoplast, cytosol and vacuole of single cells.’
    • ‘Products of these genes are targeted into at least three cellular compartments: cytosol, chloroplasts, and mitochondria.’
    • ‘These biochemical studies were instrumental for understanding the metabolite flux between plastid and cytosol.’
    • ‘In thin root sections, more intense fluorescence was observed in the cytosol than in the cell wall.’
    • ‘Some enzymes of glucan metabolism occur in the cytosol of leaf cells, but it is not known if they participate in metabolism of starch or of other substrates.’