Definition of Damascene in English:


Pronunciation /ˈdaməˌsēn/ /ˈdæməˌsin/ /ˌdaməˈsēn/ /ˌdæməˈsin/


  • 1Relating to the city of Damascus.

    ‘a Damascene geographer’
    • ‘The fate of Aleppo rested heavy on Damascene minds and the citizens drove Al-Nasir out of the city, then sent their unconditional surrender to the advancing Mongols.’
    • ‘The monastery sits on a great crag of rock overlooking the orchards and olive groves of the Damascene plain, and at first sight, with its narrow windows and great rugged curtain walls, looks more like a Crusader castle than a convent.’
    • ‘It is gratifying that Bassam Tibi, a leading scholar of Damascene origin, has republished his seminal work on fundamentalism in the wake of September 2001.’
    • ‘Off a tiny lane lined with tailors' shops, this traditional Damascene mansion overlooks an atmospheric courtyard.’
    • ‘It was a Damascene scene with a unique Andalusian ornamentation.’
    • ‘Ibn Taymiyya, the famous Damascene theologian, is almost never mentioned among the Muslim authors who refuted astrology.’
    • ‘The most articulate members of Damascene society, who come closest within earshot, were the ulama, the members of the Muslim religious establishment.’
    • ‘Throughout Damascene society, broken promises brought shame, dishonor, and various forms of ostracism and censure.’
    • ‘But at least the battle, coupled with ugly weather, forced the Damascene army to return home as well.’
    • ‘Every Damascene stone tells a story of Umayyads, caliphs, Saladin.’
    • ‘Amalric immediately rode to Banyas where he met with Damascene representatives.’
  • 2Used in reference to an important moment of insight, typically one that leads to a dramatic transformation of attitude or belief.

    ‘in light of his recent statements, it would appear that Fisher has undergone something of a Damascene conversion’
    • ‘was there a Damascene moment, when he knew he had to turn his attention to politics?’
    • ‘Our more recent encounter was over all too quickly, but even that Damascene moment has had a wider impact.’
    • ‘‘I won't say I had a Damascene revelation, but the seed was sown and I began to explore the world of kidney transplantation,’ Pat wrote to her friends.’
    • ‘He doesn't elucidate but it led him to his Damascene moment - or rather Damascene month.’
    • ‘So, anyway, seeing that notice was a kind of Damascene event for me.’
    • ‘This is not a Damascene revelation - I have been disturbed by the situation for quite a while and have tried to remedy it, but my efforts have been overruled or ignored.’
    • ‘He describes the Damascene moment when he decided to build the village like a celestial visitation.’
    • ‘It was a Damascene experience from which she never looked back, and her return to the States could only yield a drab comparison.’
    • ‘I doubt if this will effect a Damascene conversion of Mr Williams.’
    • ‘Far from representing a Damascene conversion, his statements reveal the underlying continuity of his plans.’
    • ‘His Damascene moment came in 1987, during a ten-day trip to California.’
    • ‘No matter how many conversions you may encounter on your Damascene road, I have no intention of being part of your journey ever again.’
    • ‘The Damascene conversion we have witnessed in recent days has not convinced everybody.’
    • ‘The credit goes to Michael Craig Martin and his Damascene vision that the British aversion to modernism was based on its lack of subject.’
    • ‘Did he experience a Damascene moment, a voice that decreed ‘Thou shalt draw lines?’’
    • ‘Companies, of course, say that they really have undergone a Damascene conversion to global virtue, profit impact or not.’
    • ‘But shortly after his retirement he underwent a Damascene moment when he suddenly realised that all he wanted to do was paint.’
    • ‘Over recent years, Mr Bates has experienced something of a Damascene conversion, swapping his right-wing posture for that of a social liberal.’
  • 3historical Relating to Damascus steel or its manufacture.

    ‘a fine Damascene blade’
    • ‘He also has the finest collection of Meiji art outside Japan, as well as Spanish damascene metalwork and Swedish textiles.’
    • ‘‘Dressed in Moorish djellabas and wielding damascene scimitars, they made a terrifying sight,’ writes popular historian Giles Milton.’
  • 4

    (also damascene)
    Relating to or denoting a process of inlaying a metal object with gold or silver decoration.

    ‘elaborate Damascene dishes’
    • ‘The team used a conventional damascene process to deposit the copper metal in the grooves of a dielectric material carried on 250 mm wafers.’
    • ‘The oxidized organo silane film can also be used as an etch stop or an intermetal dielectric layer for fabricating dual damascene structures.’
    • ‘The displacement material is removed from a top surface of the insulating layer surrounding the damascene conductive region, and the semiconductor device is placed in a solution.’
    • ‘A process for creating a dual damascene opening, in a composite insulator layer, to be used to accommodate a dual damascene copper structure, has been developed.’
    • ‘A key feature of this structure is that the damascene wiring directly below the bonding pad has been limited to its outer edges, that is it is formed in the shape of a hollow square.’


  • A native or inhabitant of Damascus.

    ‘Like other peoples of the Mediterranean region, Damascenes favored a relatively dramatic style of self-presentation which made plenty of allowance for swearing and other flamboyant forms of expression.’
    • ‘In March 1140, Unur sought alliance with Fulk of Jerusalem, leading to a battle in which Damascenes and Christians fought together against the Turk Zengi.’
    • ‘The Frankish army was just threatening enough that Zengi could not risk being trapped between it and the Damascenes; he withdrew to Baalbeck to await a better moment.’
    • ‘Neither side moved, but one day the Damascenes attacked a large foraging party and nearly annihilated it.’
    • ‘The men of Homs and Kerak held the left, but the Damascenes broke in the center.’


Late Middle English (as a noun): via Latin from Greek Damaskēnos ‘of Damascus’.