(in Latin, Greek, German, and some other languages) denoting a case of nouns and pronouns, and words in grammatical agreement with them, indicating an indirect object or recipient.
- ‘The Greek preposition had several meanings, depending on whether it governed the accusative, genitive, or dative case.’
- ‘Sick's latest book is Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod, which features complaints about sporadic failures to use dative case marking according to traditional (?) principles.’
- ‘A mantra is a kind of prayer that contains the name of God that is inflected grammatically in the dative case.’
- ‘A common strategy in some languages is to construe the Stimulus as subject and the Experiencer in the dative case.’
- ‘The nominal system distinguishes five cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative; the genitive and dative endings are always the same.’
- ‘You'd expect the dative dual (with two hands) to be Cheiroin, but it is in fact almost always Cheroin.’
1A noun or other word in the dative case.
- ‘The particular example of ‘word rage’ that Bob cited involves one of these missing datives.’
- ‘Classical Mongolian had seven cases, all clearly distinguished, in contrast to Latin: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, ablative, instrumental, and comitative.’
- ‘‘Das Ereignis ‘and ‘die Kehre im Ereignis ‘were only two in a long line of titles for what must always already be the case if givenness and its dative are to come together at all.’’
- ‘The versatility of Greek prepositions makes it difficult to distinguish between the locative and instrumental uses, or even the dative of reference.’
- 1.1the dativeThe dative case.
- ‘It is the quintessential use of the dative case, the dative of means, grammatically speaking.’
- ‘The dative is used to designate an addressee (recipient). The dative is also used to show an object towards which an action is directed.’
- ‘The first and most common use of the dative is as an indirect object.’
- ‘The dative is also used for the person for whom the subject does something. This dative is often called the dative of advantage or disadvantage.’
- ‘When the agent is a thing, not a person, the dative is commonly used whether the subject is personal or impersonal.’
- ‘As students of the language may recall, German has four cases - nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative - which see words change in order to explain their relationship to each other.’
- ‘PRO in this language can occupy a position that can be filled by a lexical NP, which is assigned dative or nominative Case, depending on the embedded verb.’
Late Middle English from Latin (casus) dativus ‘(case) of giving’, from dat- ‘given’, from the verb dare.