Definition of dialyze in English:


transitive verb

(British dialyse)
[with object]
  • 1Purify (a mixture) by means of dialysis.

    ‘The reaction mixtures were subsequently dialyzed against 100 mM ammonium acetate solution at pH 7.4 in the dark followed by lyophilization.’
    • ‘The urine was dialyzed against deionized water in 6-8 kDa molecular weight cutoff dialysis tubing (Spectrapor, Spectrum Laboratories, Rancho Domingues, CA) and lyophilized.’
    • ‘The purified protein was dialyzed into 20 mM ammonium bicarbonate and lyophilized.’
    • ‘Purified proteins were dialyzed into distilled water and dried down by lyophilization.’
    • ‘The eluted enzyme was dialysed as above in 5 mM KH 2 PO 4 again with the necessary additives at pH 6.8.’
    1. 1.1Treat (a patient) by means of dialysis.
      ‘Somewhere around 1/4 of all of our patients are dialyzed that way.’
      • ‘Humour, even during war, and illness, are not missing; nor is irony: the first patient to be successfully dialysed and live was a Quisling who had become ill in gaol after the Liberation.’
      • ‘The morning after he's dialyzed, while still on subcutaneous heparin, he tells an alert resident about slight breathlessness.’
      • ‘He was dialyzed for renal failure, and later diagnosed with irreversible renal failure.’
      • ‘It's nicer for them to dialyse in a place that's not like a hospital.’



/ˈdīəˌlīz/ /ˈdaɪəˌlaɪz/


Mid 19th century from dialysis, on the pattern of analyse.