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1The name of two rulers of Syracuse.
- 1.1Dionysius I (c.430–367 BC), ruled 405–367; known as Dionysius the Elder. A tyrannical ruler, he waged three wars against the Carthaginians for control of Sicily, the third of which resulted in his defeat at Cronium in 375.
- 1.2Dionysius II (c.397–c.344 BC), son of Dionysius I; ruled 367–357 and 346–344; known as Dionysius the Younger. He lacked his father's military ambitions and signed a peace treaty with Carthage in 367.
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