1A country on the north-eastern coast of Africa; population 900,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Djibouti; languages, Arabic and French (official), Somali and other Cushitic languages.
- 1.1The capital of Djibouti, a port at the western end of the Gulf of Aden; population 583,000 (est. 2007).
The territory became a French protectorate under the name of French Somaliland in 1897. It was renamed the French Territory of the Afars and Issas in 1946, the Afars and the Issas forming the two main ethnic groups. In 1977 the country achieved independence as the Republic of Djibouti