A set of guidelines intended to produce simpler, more naturalistic films, unembellished by elaborate cinematography or contrived plots. Also: the group of filmmakers following such guidelines, or this approach, considered as a school or movement. Also more fully "Dogme 95".
The guidelines, consisting of ten rules called The Vow of Chastity, were originally formulated on 13 March 1995 in Copenhagen, Denmark, by a group of Danish film directors comprising Søren Kragh-Jacobsen, Kristian Levring, Thomas Vinterberg, and Lars von Trier.
1990s; earliest use found in Norman Mailer (1923–2007), novelist and journalist. From Danish dogme, specific use of dogme.