Definition of dose in English:


Pronunciation /dōs/ /doʊs/

See synonyms for dose

Translate dose into Spanish


  • 1A quantity of a medicine or drug taken or recommended to be taken at a particular time.

    ‘he took a dose of cough medicine’
    • ‘If you miss a dose of this medicine, and you remember it within 12 hours, take it as soon as you remember.’
    • ‘After taking a dose of this medicine you may get a headache that lasts for a short time.’
    • ‘Therefore, doctors are always trying to find a way to use as low a dose of these drugs as possible in order to minimize these side effects.’
    • ‘Some doctors recommend a dose just before the immunization.’
    • ‘An early increase in the risk of fractures was associated with patients using the highest daily doses of oral corticosteroids.’
    • ‘Patients receiving the highest average daily dose were at an increased fracture risk.’
    • ‘The maximum recommended daily dose is 50 mg.’
    • ‘Still, to be on the safe side, doctors usually prescribe the lowest effective dose of nasal corticosteroids.’
    • ‘In some cases, doctors may recommend low doses of aspirin along with heparin.’
    • ‘In 17 cases, lethal doses were administered.’
    • ‘Overall, patients took the recommended doses of inhaled medication on 20 to 73 % of days.’
    • ‘The maximum recommended dose for patients greater than 60 kg is 100 mg three times daily.’
    • ‘All the psychiatric participants were using therapeutic doses of neuroleptic medications as prescribed by their attending psychiatrist.’
    • ‘Taking a large single dose could cause severe respiratory depression or be fatal.’
    • ‘The bullet is designed to inject a small dose of some drug in the victim's body.’
    • ‘If your vertigo is caused by poor circulation, taking small doses of aspirin can help.’
    • ‘Therefore, booster doses of the vaccine are administered later to re-start protection.’
    • ‘Smokers with mild asthma may be best advised to go straight for high dose steroid inhalers.’
    • ‘Then, all total opiate doses were converted to equivalent doses of morphine.’
    • ‘When asthma control deteriorates, a common strategy is to double or quadruple the maintenance dose of inhaled steroids.’
    amount, quantity, measure, portion, dosage, drench, draught
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1An amount of ionizing radiation received or absorbed at one time or over a specified period.
      ‘ a dose of radiation exceeding safety limits’
      • ‘Irradiation exposes food to a dose of ionizing radiation to kill bacteria.’
      • ‘Thus, clustered damages are presumably produced by low doses of ionizing radiation such as those to which human populations may be exposed.’
      • ‘It can be totally dehydrated and can take huge doses of ionizing radiation in the dehydrated state.’
      • ‘Thus hospital workers constitute the group most consistently exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation.’
      • ‘He has no memory of the terrible events that lie buried in his childhood - until he absorbs a massive dose of gamma rays and miraculously lives to tell the tale.’
      • ‘Perhaps most importantly, the findings from our study should be compared with doses of ionizing radiation.’
      • ‘The principle long-term effect of exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation is now considered to be the induction of cancer.’
      • ‘The sites were arranged in column pairs receiving the same irradiation doses.’
      • ‘The conscripts were only permitted to be on site for two weeks, during which they might absorb a lifetime dose of radiation.’
      • ‘These two factors will influence the spectral dose of UV radiation received by covered biota.’
      • ‘In the scramble to recover the spilt heavy water, at least seven technicians received heavy doses of radiation and they were taken off duties involving radioactive materials.’
      • ‘One of them, a boy who is now 14 years old, received large doses of radiation to his brain when he was 4.’
      • ‘They blame her behavior on the high doses of radiation she received late last year.’
      • ‘They would receive a much lower dose of radioactivity than those walking down the street near the explosion.’
      • ‘The therapy consists of delivering a single high dose of radiation directly to involved tumor sites during surgery.’
      • ‘A radiation therapy device malfunctioned, delivering lethal radiation doses at several medical facilities.’
      • ‘Some had received large doses of densely ionizing radiation while processing plutonium.’
      • ‘However, for simulating sunlight conditions we used lower UVB doses.’
      • ‘Other investigators have shown that reducing the irradiation light dose rate could significantly improve tumor response.’
      • ‘Cultures were immediately irradiated with a UV dose of 27 J / m.’
    2. 1.2informal A venereal infection.
    3. 1.3informal A quantity of something regarded as analogous to medicine in being necessary but unpleasant.
      • ‘I wanted to give you a dose of the hell you put me through’
      • ‘Excuse me for being slightly cynical, but going to a film doesn't necessarily imply a dose of culture.’
      • ‘For most people a dose of winter flu is unpleasant.’
      • ‘Because I try to grow a high yield on a relatively small area (the raised beds), a good dose of compost is necessary.’
      • ‘Each conversation is laden with emotional weight, which gives the movie a necessary dose of credibility.’
      • ‘And his response, of course, contained the requisite doses of hard-man menace necessary to maintain his image as an intimidator.’
      • ‘It metes out necessary background in minor doses and towards the end things are actually starting to make more sense.’
      • ‘He gives the corps a necessary dose of athleticism.’
      • ‘After more than a decade in which the balanced budget had assumed quasi-religious status, many were suddenly converted to the necessity of a major dose of deficit spending.’
      • ‘Perhaps this unpleasant dose of fiscal reality carries a political message - it may be time for the North's politicians to start running their own affairs.’
      • ‘They evoked the necessary concern and dose of reality that print simply could not.’
      • ‘And they must also ask whether a large dose of social justice is not a necessary accompaniment to political freedoms.’
      • ‘But theists are not usually willing to say, in all contexts, that all the evil that occurs is a minute and necessary dose.’
      • ‘He states that people suffering from low self-esteem can unconsciously drive their partner away, in hopes that they will receive a dose of reassurance.’
      • ‘He is there to assist those of us who think we know how to golf, but who receive a dose of reality on the course.’
      • ‘In recent times this has received a dose of European Community law.’

transitive verb

[with object]
  • 1Administer a dose to (a person or animal)

    ‘he dosed himself with vitamins’
    • ‘Orthodox doctors dosed him up with more and more painkillers, without being able to sort out the underlying problem, he says.’
    • ‘Every day you are in excruciating pain and every day the doctors come along and dose you up to the eyeballs in morphine, so much so that you don't know what is going on around you.’
    • ‘Women were dosed one hour before anesthesia was administered.’
    • ‘Then calves are dosed and moved to clean pasture such as silage aftergrass.’
    • ‘Please do not dose the child on your own and always consult the doctor.’
    • ‘Groups of six rats were dosed once daily.’
    • ‘Male and female mice were dosed once orally.’
    • ‘Clearly dosing people up with psychiatric drugs is inadequate, as is just telling them to ‘snap out of it’.’
    • ‘He nursed me, dosing me with aspirin, sponging me off to keep the fever down.’
    • ‘It is advisable to dose all cattle coming off their first season at grass with a drug that is effective against type II stomach worms.’
    • ‘Negative results were obtained after dosing mice orally on four consecutive days with 10% ethanol.’
    • ‘It is stable for only 24 hours after mixing, so it cannot be saved for dosing multiple patients on different days.’
    • ‘It provides the clinician with the most information for dosing the patient in the future as opposed to the other methods.’
    • ‘In addition, they had probably already thought of something, such as dosing her with a stimulant.’
    • ‘My dad probably viewed it as a way of surreptitiously dosing us with cricket rules, and regrets it to this day.’
    • ‘You're saying that the day after you were dosed, twenty-seven hours later, the effects were totally gone?’
    • ‘Well, I guess it's time to dose up.’
    • ‘He was on antidepressants and very often he would dose up to make sure he slept.’
    • ‘A total of 22 patients were dosed according to the multiple point method.’
    • ‘A total of 27 patients were dosed according to the method.’
    treat, medicate, dose, soothe, cure, heal
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Adulterate or blend (a substance) with another substance.
      ‘the champagne was dosed with sugar’
      • ‘At the blending station, process and dilution water is dosed with pure lime.’
      • ‘Staple foods, such as bread or cereal, should be dosed with folic acid.’
      • ‘Agency experts believe dosing the water with chemicals could reduce the smell.’
      • ‘As part of the amber level action the water system was spot dosed with chemicals and subjected to increased water temperatures to kill off the bacteria.’
      • ‘I made the mistake of dipping my pinkie into the sauce and trying it neat before dosing my food with it.’
      • ‘Later we found out that it had dosed their food with sleeping pills to stop them rioting.’
      • ‘Methods of delivery include drug-filled rubber bullets, aerosol sprays and dosing a people's food or water supplies.’
      • ‘It doses the water with a chemical called orthophosphate which lines the pipes and limits the amount of lead dissolved into the water.’
      • ‘An original child's rocker is also kept here, which has been in the family for over 150 years, and is dosed with creosote in an effort to preserve the wood.’
      • ‘I would show up for meals (I dined there regularly, proffering red wine as my contribution), never knowing what part of the meal would be dosed with pot.’
      • ‘Since the 1940s, most American municipal water supplies have been routinely dosed with fluoride in a grand attempt to ward off tooth decay.’
      • ‘By the time they were done placing concrete from the first truck, the other trucks had arrived and were dosed with the second nonchloride accelerator.’
      • ‘Conventional crops - where the land had been heavily dosed with herbicide before planting - also suffered dramatic loss of wildlife.’
      • ‘Some one went off in the motor to the nearest chemist's shop and returned presently with two large pieces of bread, liberally dosed with narcotic.’
      • ‘Liquid test substances may be dosed directly or diluted prior to dosing.’
      • ‘You'd probably like it dosed with sugar, but I preferred not this time.’
      • ‘With open sand bioreactors dosed with septic tank effluent, odors should not be a problem.’
      • ‘At times he will eat nothing but the fish (heavily dosed with lemon juice), and at other times the fish is left to sit forlornly on the plate, while he consumes every French fry within reach (including mine).’
      • ‘I purchased a small bag of the things, liberally dosed with salt and vinegar.’
      • ‘The other herbs in the formula are adjusted and dosed according to signs and symptoms.’


    in small doses
    • When experienced or engaged in a little at a time.

      • ‘computer games are great in small doses’
      • ‘I'm learning that paradise on earth exists in small doses - part of experiencing it is the ability to leave it behind and keep going in the faith that you have been there and that days like these come around if you let them.’
      • ‘Something unpalatable may be acceptable in small doses, but not in a big dose.’
      • ‘The fourth album is like an incredibly rich chocolate cake - utterly indulgent, strikingly intense in small doses, quickly sating the appetite.’
      • ‘I'll be leaving 2003 exactly as I entered it: enjoying the band in small doses, still uncertain as to whether they're a triumph of style over substance.’
      • ‘General readers should not be put off by these somewhat academically impenetrable study aims, for, absorbed in small doses, the general reader obtains a useful insight into the Japanese mind.’
      • ‘Get to know the anti-social cutie in small doses.’
      • ‘I believe it's slightly overrated but it's fun in small doses.’
      • ‘Even more than dance music (which he can just about tolerate in small doses and at low volumes, if pushed), this represents everything he hates.’
      • ‘I'm used to being able to tolerate wheat in small doses.’
      • ‘And I can be almost tolerable, if you take me in small doses.’


Late Middle English from French, via late Latin from Greek dosis ‘gift’, from didonai ‘give’.