Definition of E. coli in English:

E. coli


mass noun
  • A bacterium commonly found in the intestines of humans and other animals, some strains of which can cause severe food poisoning.

    Escherichia coli; a motile Gram-negative bacillus

    • ‘It's almost impossible to protect dairy cows from E. coli and other coliform bacteria.’
    • ‘They spliced a piece of frog DNA into the DNA of a common bacterium known as E. coli.’
    • ‘The bacterium E. coli is a normal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract of humans and livestock.’
    • ‘The culprit that causes most bladder infections is E. coli, a bacteria normally found in the bowel.’
    • ‘The bacteria E. coli is being genetically engineered by the CIA to create killer germs.’
    • ‘But tests for the bacteria E. coli may take five days to confirm a positive reading.’
    • ‘Compensation in E. coli and other bacteria has been demonstrated several times.’
    • ‘It can detect seven types of contaminants, from chlorine to traces of bacteria like E. coli.’
    • ‘These are more common in children and can be caused by bacteria such as E. coli.’
    • ‘The first peroxiredoxins were cloned from bacteria such as Salmonella typhimurium and E. coli.’
    • ‘The large intestine of healthy individuals provides the primary niche for E. coli in humans.’
    • ‘The order of the genes in the four strains of E. coli was identical, leading to distances equal to zero.’
    • ‘If the meat is harboring E. coli or Salmonella, it will trigger a visual alarm.’
    • ‘Each batch of milk is tested for bad guys like salmonella and E. coli, and not once have they been found.’
    • ‘The muck is believed to contain E. coli, certain viruses and a cholera-like bacteria.’
    • ‘Food contaminated with the E. coli bacteria will not look or smell spoiled.’
    • ‘Now when we talk about germs, we're talking about everything from the common cold to E. coli.’
    • ‘These genes were identified by comparing the human sequences to those from yeast and E. coli.’
    • ‘We expect all of the genes in this category to be native to E. coli since its divergence from Salmonella.’
    • ‘If you have a private well, have it tested once a year for germs including E. coli.’


1920s abbreviation of the Latin binomial Escherichia coli, from the name of the German physician Theodor Escherich (1857–1911), who isolated the type species of the genus + Latin coli genitive of colon.


E. coli

/iː ˈkəʊlʌɪ/