Definition of echovirus in English:


(also ECHO virus)


  • Any of a group of enteroviruses which can cause respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis.

    • ‘These are usually self-limited syndromes caused by a variety of viruses: rhinovirus, adenovirus, echovirus, coxsackievirus, influenza, and parainfluenza viruses.’
    • ‘Enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses and echoviruses, are important viral pathogens in humans, causing a variety of diseases.’
    • ‘Named after Coxsackie, New York, where they were discovered, the coxsackie viruses are part of the enterovirus family of viruses (which also includes echoviruses, polio, and hepatitis A viruses) that live in the human digestive tract.’
    • ‘These included coxsackie and echoviruses, measles, rubella, smallpox, rabies and herpes viruses as well as viruses causing hepatitis, respiratory and arthropod-borne infections.’
    • ‘The results of serology tests for other viruses, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus, mononucleosis, Coxsackievirus, and echovirus were negative.’


1950s from echo (acronym from enteric cytopathogenic human orphan, because the virus was not originally assignable to any known disease) + virus.