Definition of eclampsia in English:



mass nounMedicine
  • A condition in which one or more convulsions occur in a pregnant woman suffering from high blood pressure, often followed by coma and posing a threat to the health of mother and baby.

    • ‘We determined whether a recorded history of gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia or eclampsia predicted cardiovascular disease in later life, as indicated by measures of mortality and morbidity.’
    • ‘Long term survival of mothers was addressed in 1976 by Chesley et al, who found no increased mortality in white women who had eclampsia in their first pregnancy.’
    • ‘For example, it may be hypothesized that recurrence of eclampsia in pregnant women is more common in those that have family history of hypertension.’
    • ‘In rare instances, it can progress to a life-threatening condition called eclampsia.’
    • ‘Anticonvulsant drugs may also be prescribed to protect against convulsions due to eclampsia.’


Mid 19th century modern Latin, from French éclampsie, from Greek eklampsis ‘sudden development’, from eklampein ‘shine out’.