Definition of Elamite in English:



  • 1A native or inhabitant of ancient Elam.

    • ‘This new empire lasted until roughly 2000 when pressure from the Elamites and Amorites reached its culmination with the capture and devastation of Ur.’
    • ‘One could have sworn that all those Parthians, Medes, Mespotamians, Cappadocians, Elamites, Cretans, Arabians, etc, mentioned in the story of the first Pentecost, had descended on Ballina!’
    • ‘The Elamites apparently adopted the sexagesimal system from the Sumerians and only used a decimal notation when counting animals.’
    • ‘The earliest urban peoples in what is today Iranian territory were the Elamites in the extreme southwest region of Khuzestan.’
    • ‘The Elamites also began writing quite early in the still-undeciphered Proto-Elamite script.’
  • 2mass noun The agglutinative language spoken in ancient Elam from the 3rd millennium to the 4th century BC, of which a few records in pictographic and cuneiform script survive.

    • ‘This system developed over the succeeding centuries to form Akkadian, Eblaite, Elamite, Hititte, Hurrian, and Old Persian.’
    • ‘In 1844, Rawlinson scaled the almost sheer cliffs of Bisitun, in Persia, copying relief sculptures and their accompanying cuneiform inscriptions in Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian.’
    • ‘We know that the Middle East of 5000 years ago was using a variety of unrelated languages, Hurrian, Egyptian, Sumerian, Elamite, Hittite, and Akkadian, where for the last 1000 years there has been nothing but Arabic and Persian.’


  • Relating to the ancient Elamites or their language.

    • ‘Elam, whose capital was at Susa, was a part of Sumerian-Mesopotamian cultural region although the Elamite language does not seem to be related to Sumerian.’
    • ‘The allegory means that Babylonian gods replaced Elamite gods in Susa in the last years of the Assyrian Empire, and it was written at a time when the Macedonians posed the kind of danger to the Jews that the story describes.’
    • ‘In this story, Mordecai defeats his adversary Haman (Hammon, the creator god in the Elamite pantheon), with Esther's advice and help.’
    • ‘The Battle of Ulai, a virtual moving picture carved in stone, shows the drama surrounding the capture and demise of the doomed Teumann, an Elamite king.’
    • ‘This culture was related in terms of myth and religion to the Elamite culture of southwestern Iran and to village cultures of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and Baluchistan.’
    • ‘This development reflects the fights that took place when the Iranian peoples from Anatolia immigrated into Elamite and Assyrian territory in the 800s BC.’