Definition of electrophilic in English:


Pronunciation /əˌlektrəˈfilik/ /əˌlɛktrəˈfɪlɪk/


  • (of a molecule or group) having a tendency to attract or acquire electrons.

    Often contrasted with nucleophilic

    ‘Methyl lithium is very reactive and acts as a nucleophilic methylating reagent to electrophilic functional groups, such as ketones.’
    • ‘In the mining industry, the production of TNT is made possible by the electrophilic nitration of toluene (methyl benzene).’
    • ‘Addition reactions of electrophilic reagents to the alkene double bond (yielding substituted alkenes) are the most typical.’
    • ‘Ozone is a strong electrophilic reagent which can attack the double bond found in alkenes.’
    • ‘Halogenation occurs readily with aniline by electrophilic aromatic substitution.’