Definition of empiric in English:


Pronunciation /əmˈpirik/ /əmˈpɪrɪk/

See synonyms for empiric on


another term for empirical
‘However, although this relationship has been described based on empiric data, there are no mathematical models in the literature relating number of antibiotics used to probability of adequate coverage.’
  • ‘In such families empiric data suggests that the risk of recurrence is approximately 15%.’
  • ‘In the absence of such data, empiric selection should consider local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns.’
  • ‘The physician should remember this subconscious need when experiencing the urge to try yet another empiric treatment.’
  • ‘Although bacterial infection may sometimes cause skin lesions or ulcerations similar to this case, empiric trials of antibiotics were unsuccessful for this patient, and subsequent bacterial cultures were negative.’
  • ‘Two cost-effectiveness analyses supported empiric treatment with antiviral agents for appropriate patients if the likelihood of influenza is high.’
  • ‘If burning persists after management of systemic or local oral conditions, a diagnosis of burning mouth syndrome can be considered, and empiric treatment for sensory neuropathy may be offered.’
  • ‘Trial of treatment - empiric therapy for the most likely cause - may be preferable to extensive investigation because it may provide relief and diagnosis simultaneously.’
  • ‘Travelers should consult a physician if the diarrhea is severe and does not respond to empiric therapy.’
  • ‘In patients with recurrent kidney stones, empiric therapy and the modified simple metabolic evaluation were equally the most cost-effective strategies.’
  • ‘Choice of agents for empiric therapy should be determined by the patient's age and the presence of predisposing conditions, and should assume antimicrobial resistance.’
  • ‘When evaluating a patient whose cough has been present for at least eight weeks, a systematic evaluation to assess the most common causes followed by a trial of empiric therapy is recommended.’
  • ‘Nevertheless, empiric evidence suggests that balance programs, such as repeatedly standing on one leg, can improve stability and decrease the risk of falls.’
  • ‘Unfortunately, we have little empiric evidence that demonstrates the profound effect that it can have on altering physician practice patterns.’
  • ‘Some authors support the single best answer option relative to multiple correct options, but little empiric support is provided for advantages of either system.’
  • ‘Social sciences search the characteristics and patterns of human behavior, and in that sense, they are different from natural sciences which only regard empiric findings as evidence.’
  • ‘Treatment is largely empiric, although experience and small clinical studies have proved the efficacy of low-dose antidepressant therapy and exercise.’
  • ‘Although celiac disease was formally described late in the 19th century, treatment remained empiric until the middle of the 20th century when patients were noted to improve dramatically after wheat was removed from their diet.’


  • 1archaic A person who, in medicine or other branches of science, relies solely on observation and experiment.

    • ‘Whereas there is plenty of information on empirics, because of the licensing regime, folk healers occupy a very small place in the medical and police archives of the time.’
    1. 1.1A quack doctor.
      ‘In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the ‘learned physicians’ who were taught Galenic humoral medicine in the universities labelled such doctors quacks, empirics, and mountebanks.’
      • ‘But the bulk of the population had little access to physicians, seeking instead barber-surgeons, apothecaries, empirics such as bonesetters and tooth-drawers, or wise women.’


Late Middle English via Latin from Greek empeirikos, from empeiria ‘experience’, from empeiros ‘skilled’ (based on peira ‘trial, experiment’).