Definition of encephalopathy in English:


nounplural noun encephalopathies

  • A disease in which the functioning of the brain is affected by some agent or condition (such as viral infection or toxins in the blood)

    ‘a picture of how these encephalopathies are transmitted’
    • ‘patients with encephalopathy’
    • ‘Both mad-cow and mad-deer disease are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, in which brain proteins called prions deform, forcing other brain cells to degenerate along with them.’
    • ‘Prions are special proteins believed to be the infectious agents responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, a group of rare, fatal disorders that slowly destroy the brain and nervous system.’
    • ‘Hepatic encephalopathy occurs in patients with portal hypertension and cirrhosis.’
    • ‘Hypertensive encephalopathy is the syndrome of central nervous system impairment associated with hypertensive crisis.’
    • ‘Neurodegenerative diseases causing transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are the subject of intense research.’
    • ‘Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies such as mad cow disease and its human counterpart, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, are not caused by bacteria or viruses.’
    • ‘This extremely rare and fatal brain disorder belongs to a family of human and animal diseases known as the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.’



/inˌsefəˈläpəTHē/ /ɪnˌsɛfəˈlɑpəθi/ /enˌsefəˈläpəTHē/ /ɛnˌsɛfəˈlɑpəθi/