Definition of enzootic in English:



  • Relating to or denoting a disease that regularly affects animals in a particular district or at a particular season.

    Compare with epizootic, endemic (sense 1 of the adjective)

    ‘enzootic hepatitis’
    • ‘It occurs most frequently as an epizootic or enzootic disease of herbivores that acquire spores from direct contact with contaminated soil.’
    • ‘For the U.S. population as a whole, no such immunization is recommended, but it may be considered in animal workers and travelers to enzootic areas who anticipate animal exposure.’
    • ‘State and local agencies should identify vector species and breeding sites, and implement aggressive surveillance and targeted control early in the transmission season to restrict enzootic viral amplification.’
    • ‘During 2000 and 2001, West Nile virus spread rapidly through the South and Midwest, establishing enzootic activity in 28 states.’
    • ‘Although we can do little to limit the spread of enzootic flaviviruses, we can minimise the number of human cases.’



/ˌenzōˈädik/ /ˌɛnzoʊˈɑdɪk/


Late 19th century from en-‘within’ + Greek zōion ‘animal’+ -ic.