Definition of Epicureanism in English:



mass noun
  • An ancient school of philosophy founded in Athens by Epicurus. The school rejected determinism and advocated hedonism (pleasure as the highest good), but of a restrained kind: mental pleasure was regarded more highly than physical, and the ultimate pleasure was held to be freedom from anxiety and mental pain, especially that arising from needless fear of death and of the gods.

    • ‘After Epicurus' death, Epicureanism continued to flourish as a philosophical movement.’
    • ‘The philosophy that's most often associated with the pursuit of pleasure is Epicureanism, named after the Ancient Greek Philosopher Epicurus.’
    • ‘In the tenth and final book, devoted to Epicureanism, Diogenes preserves three of Epicurus' letters to his disciples, in which he presents his basic views in a concise and handy form.’
    • ‘This contrasted with other philosophical approaches; for example, Epicureanism, which regarded pleasure as the goal of life.’
    • ‘The two main schools of philosophy then were Epicureanism and Stoicism.’
    • ‘In the face of the demands of the state for outward conformity, freedom can only be found by retreating into oneself, by taking refuge in a philosophy such as Stoicism, Epicureanism, or Scepticism.’
    • ‘In a sense there is nothing new about it; it is the age-old philosophy of Epicureanism, which was popular in Greece and the ancient world when Paul preached on Mars Hill in Athens.’
    • ‘Although Marcus is called a Stoic, his Meditations are eclectic, with elements of Platonism and Epicureanism as well.’
    • ‘Both Epicureanism and Stoicism are therapies which reflected the change in man's social and political life during the Hellenistic Age.’
    • ‘Stoicism and Epicureanism had made the search for pure truth subordinate to the attainment of practical virtue and happiness.’
    • ‘Epicurus was the founder of the school of philosophy known as Epicureanism.’
    • ‘When the glory had departed from Athens, time was ripe for Zeno's stoicism and its opposite Epicureanism.’
    • ‘And although Epicureanism was not much favoured by seventeenth-century theorists of the passions, they were strongly influenced by the revival of Stoicism which had been undertaken in the same wholehearted spirit by Lipsius.’
    • ‘The stated goal of Epicureanism is ataraxia, or tranquility of mind; this goal is thought to be attainable because, for the enlightened, nothing in life is harmful.’
    • ‘Culturally, this freedom is being played out in terms of materialistic Epicureanism in one form or another (utilitarian, hedonistic, etc.).’
    • ‘This, I would argue, is true even of Epicureanism, although the case is certainly complicated.’
    hedonism, indulgence, pursuit of pleasure, pleasure-seeking, luxury, lotus-eating, epicureanism, self-gratification