Definition of epilepsy in English:


Translate epilepsy into Spanish


  • A neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

    ‘Narcolepsy has been mistaken for epilepsy, chronic fatigue syndrome, and schizophrenia.’
    • ‘Having a learning disability does not cause epilepsy and nor does epilepsy cause a learning disability.’
    • ‘Pregnancy in women with epilepsy is associated with an increased risk of fetal malformation.’
    • ‘In some illnesses, for example migraine or epilepsy, the diagnosis may be evident from the history alone.’
    • ‘No deaths were attributed directly to seizures, and sudden unexplained death in epilepsy did not occur.’
    • ‘These scans look at the way the brain works and can help to pinpoint the part of the brain that is causing epilepsy.’
    • ‘Patients with epilepsy may have prodromal symptoms of tension, anxiety, and depression.’
    • ‘These cases illustrate the scope for mistaking narcolepsy for epilepsy.’
    • ‘Pregnant women with epilepsy were recruited to the study, predominantly by community midwives.’
    • ‘The association between epilepsy and psychosis has been researched since the nineteenth century.’
    • ‘I have suffered with epilepsy all my life, and also in later life diabetes.’
    • ‘Children with epilepsy do not require much change in their activities.’
    • ‘Priests believed that an illness such as epilepsy was caused by the gods.’
    • ‘He started doing charity swims for the multiple sclerosis and epilepsy societies.’
    • ‘A post-mortem gave the cause of death as sudden death caused by epilepsy.’
    • ‘We report on 15 patients in whom benign sleep myoclonus was initially mistaken for epilepsy.’
    • ‘Thus swimming should not be discouraged in people with epilepsy or any other physical disability.’
    • ‘He had been left with a severe form of cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and cortical blindness.’
    • ‘If someone has repeated seizures, they may be diagnosed with epilepsy.’
    • ‘Doctors may have a lower risk of making, and patients may have lower risk of receiving, a misdiagnosis of epilepsy.’



/ˈepəˌlepsē/ /ˈɛpəˌlɛpsi/


Mid 16th century from French épilepsie, or via late Latin from Greek epilēpsia, from epilambanein ‘seize, attack’, from epi ‘upon’ + lambanein ‘take hold of’.