Definition of epistemology in English:


Pronunciation /əˌpistəˈmäləjē/ /əˌpɪstəˈmɑlədʒi/


  • The theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.

    • ‘The turn from epistemology to ontology was taken before Heidegger by Nicolai Hartmann.’
    • ‘The authentic scientific ring of Russell's logic echoed in his epistemology of natural knowledge, Quine wrote.’
    • ‘In Britain, John Locke reacted against the innatism of Cartesian epistemology, but retained a theory of ideas.’
    • ‘In modern epistemology, or theory of knowledge, certain assumptions are common.’
    • ‘From the philosophical point of view, what this teaching does is to shift the focus of investigation from ontology to epistemology.’
    • ‘He interprets the Critique of Pure Reason not as epistemology but as ontology.’
    • ‘This is a crucial element in contextualist epistemology, not a criticism of it.’
    • ‘A compartmentalized thinker who indulges in epistemology can destroy his knowledge, yet retain it as well.’
    • ‘You might say that this is the metaphysical residue not soaked up by Kantian epistemology.’
    • ‘These are matters of what philosophers call epistemology, the study of knowledge.’
    • ‘For Berlin, the philosophy of history was tied not only to epistemology, but to ethics.’
    • ‘They work not just in philosophy of religion but in epistemology and metaphysics.’
    • ‘These include matters of epistemology, ontology, semantics, and logic.’
    • ‘Yet defending praise and blame is not simply a matter of moral ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘Nietzsche never worked out his own epistemology in detail, nor is there any reason to think that he would have particularly wanted to.’
    • ‘It includes a number of books and articles that have nothing to do with epistemology and metaphysics.’
    • ‘This position is far removed from Parmenidean metaphysics and epistemology.’
    • ‘Crathorn had to face up to the skeptical consequences of this odd epistemology.’
    • ‘In addition, before I can figure out ethics for sure, I need to decide which epistemology I'm going to use.’
    • ‘Each can be seen as drawing an analogy with one or more strands of Marxist epistemology.’


Mid 19th century from Greek epistēmē ‘knowledge’, from epistasthai ‘know, know how to do’.



/əˌpistəˈmäləjē/ /əˌpɪstəˈmɑlədʒi/