Definition of equilibrate in English:



[with object]
  • 1technical Bring into or keep in equilibrium.

    ‘the epithelial cells were equilibrated after collection’
    • ‘Initially, a single protonated surfactin molecule was equilibrated in vacuum.’
    • ‘The cell was equilibrated in the bath solution for several minutes before starting the recording.’
    • ‘A fully hydrated, equilibrated POPC membrane, consisting of 128 POPC molecules and 4480 water molecules, was used as a starting structure.’
    • ‘The column was equilibrated with water and eluted in a acetonitrile gradient.’
    • ‘The scattering cells were equilibrated at a given temperature by immersion in a thermostatted bath of toluene used for scattering calibration.’
    • ‘After bleaching, the gradient to the cytoplasm is gradually equilibrated, leading to a slight recovery of the nuclear EGFP concentration.’
    • ‘We wish to point out that even after 1.5 ns explicit solvent simulations, ion distribution is not equilibrated.’
    • ‘For the equilibration of the water the protein atoms were fixed and the water molecules were equilibrated using Langevin dynamics.’
    • ‘The water was equilibrated and eight sodium ions were added to neutralize the system.’
    • ‘The system was first equilibrated by an extended molecular dynamics run until the potential and total energies were constant and the radius of gyration of the K + ions oscillated about an average.’
    • ‘Before starting the experiments, oocytes were equilibrated for at least 20 min in substrate-free bathing medium to obtain a stable volume measurement.’
    • ‘The system was equilibrated by using molecular dynamics with no constraints to movement of the additional K + ions.’
    • ‘This monolayer leaflet was equilibrated for 5 ns using conditions specified in Table 1.’
    • ‘The solvated systems were then equilibrated with standard protocols.’
    • ‘After the probe was added to the lipid it was equilibrated for I h above the phase transition temperature.’
    • ‘Added water and ions were equilibrated in a 200 ps MD simulation as described above.’
    • ‘The membrane models used for this study are equilibrated fully hydrated dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine bilayers.’
    • ‘This absence of effects is in line with the data from Fig.2, and confirmed that the intracellular and extracellular concentrations of Cl were truly equilibrated.’
    • ‘Samples of nondegenerate and degenerate human patellar cartilage were subjected to osmotic loading by equilibrating the tissue in solutions of varying osmolarity.’
    • ‘A short 5 ps molecular dynamics simulation at 50 K and constant volume equilibrated the solvent with the LBD fixed.’
    1. 1.1no object Approach or attain a state of equilibrium.
      ‘the tissue samples were allowed to equilibrate with the liquid’
      • ‘Stem tissue was allowed to equilibrate for 30 min before starting the NMR analysis and the spectra were recorded at 121.49 MHz using a double-tuned C / P 10 mm diameter probehead as described previously.’
      • ‘When the change in weight of the samples was less than 0.5%, the sample dishes were sealed and allowed to equilibrate for 12-14 h (usually overnight).’
      • ‘At each temperature and composition, the system was allowed to equilibrate for at least 1 nanosecond; equilibrium properties were accumulated over simulations of at least 10 nanoseconds.’
      • ‘After adjusting the temperature to a new value the setup was allowed to equilibrate for ~ 5-10 min until the thermal drift was well below 0.1 K / min.’
      • ‘The restraints were then removed and the system was allowed to equilibrate for another 3.9-6.6 ns, for total simulation times between 4.2 and 6.9 ns.’
      • ‘Samples were dried at 55°C with forced air for 48 h, allowed to air equilibrate for 24 h, and ground to pass through a 2-mm screen.’
      • ‘The electrode was calibrated by allowing it to equilibrate with 2 ml of air-saturated artificially hardened water, circulated in the chamber by a small magnet.’
      • ‘A built-in temperature control unit was used to maintain the sample's temperature; each sample was allowed to equilibrate at least 30 min before starting the experiment.’
      • ‘Samples were allowed to equilibrate at this temperature for at least 10 min before measurements.’
      • ‘Samples are mixed gently for 10 s, then loaded into observation chambers and allowed to equilibrate for 60 min at room temperature before particle movements are recorded.’
      • ‘This spectrum was allowed to equilibrate for ~ 20 min (or until no further changes in absorbance occurred) before collection of the final spectrum.’
      • ‘After each titration step, samples were allowed to equilibrate for at least 6 min (longer waiting times did not furnish deviating results).’
      • ‘The soil mixtures, with and without additives, were thoroughly mixed with various moisture contents and allowed to equilibrate for 24 hours prior to compaction.’
      • ‘Spectra were measured at different temperatures, and samples were allowed to equilibrate at each temperature for at least 10 min before data collection.’
      • ‘Each electrode was inserted to about 1-2 mm into the tissue and allowed to equilibrate for several minutes until a stable reading was found.’
      • ‘The samples were allowed to equilibrate for ~ 20 min at each temperature before spectra were recorded or time-resolved data was taken.’
      • ‘First, they tuned the magnetic field to a value corresponding to an effective interparticle attraction, and allowed the gas to equilibrate.’
      • ‘In wine vinegar, the much higher concentration of acetic acid equilibrates with the commensurately higher ethyl acetate concentration.’
      • ‘For example, dimerization of the transmembrane segment of glycophorin is less tight and equilibrates much faster in sodium dodecyl sulfate than in zwitterionic detergents.’
      • ‘Living organisms acquire a characteristic minor fraction of radiocarbon by equilibrating with the carbon dioxide of ambient air or surrounding waters.’


Mid 17th century from late Latin aequilibrat- ‘made to balance’, from the verb aequilibrare, from aequi- ‘equally’ + libra ‘balance’.



/ˌiːkwɪˈlʌɪbreɪt/ /ɪˈkwɪlɪbreɪt/ /iːˈkwɪlɪlʌɪbreɪt/ /ɪˈkwɪlɪlʌɪbreɪt/