Definition of era in English:



  • 1A long and distinct period of history.

    ‘his death marked the end of an era’
    ‘leading photographers of the Victorian era’
    • ‘At least four distinct periods, or eras, define the recent history of Congress.’
    • ‘Few eras of American history have undergone as sweeping a reinterpretation by historians in the past forty years as Reconstruction, the turbulent period that followed the Civil War.’
    • ‘The structure of the novel, then, makes possible a way of thinking about America that crosses the lines between eras, making American history a single connected story.’
    • ‘Spawned during one of the most tumultuous eras in history, Coltrane's ideas were reflective of a period in which the foundations of American life trembled to the core.’
    • ‘Along with his rival Sugar Ray Leonard, Hearns fought during one of the best non-heavyweight eras in boxing history.’
    • ‘Wallace began his career in the 1830s as a land surveyor in Wales, during one of the most turbulent eras of British history.’
    • ‘It tells parallel stories about different eras of Montana history.’
    • ‘Reconstruction is not one of the more subtle eras of our history.’
    • ‘So I have, with some trepidation, divided it into a number of eras of general human history and development.’
    • ‘We refer to entire eras in history of the United Kingdom as the Elizabethan age, or the Victorian period.’
    • ‘Both women are popular cultural icons who defined their eras in American history.’
    • ‘German cities typically bear witness to all eras in the architectural history of Europe.’
    • ‘In fact, after 1890, the era of all-embracing philosophical systems seemed to pass.’
    • ‘Just as the NHS struggles to bring some of its systems into the digital era, so does the BMJ.’
    • ‘Only dated astronomical eras and eclipses, in the end, could establish a firm framework for historical time.’
    • ‘Author Iona McGregor makes the point that many of the traditions we observe now date from the Victorian era.’
    • ‘Central Park, dating from the Victorian era, is a popular place for recreation and relaxing.’
    • ‘Odobeti is one of the largest and oldest viticultural centres in Romania and may well date from the Roman era.’
    • ‘The ruins here date from the Hellenistic era, when the kingdom of Pergamon was at the height of its power.’
    • ‘Gold coins dating from the Byzantine and Islamic eras were also retrieved - which, the archaeologists claim, show the cities were not submerged until the eighth century.’
    epoch, age, period, time, aeon, span
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    1. 1.1A system of chronology dating from a particular event.
      ‘the dawn of the Christian era’
      • ‘The period is further divided into the early Heian and the late Heian, or Fujiwara, eras, the pivotal date being 894, the year imperial embassies to China were officially discontinued.’
      • ‘Simply put, it was on that date that the communist era in Bulgaria started.’
      • ‘Many of America's great cathedrals of racing date from the Depression era of the film's setting.’
      • ‘Some three-and-a-half years before the Nazis came to power, events in Erlangen marked the onset of a new era.’
      • ‘This year saw the dawning of a new era in the history of the awards in the school.’
      • ‘Mr McClain therefore begins his text in a year significant in UK history as an era of change.’
      • ‘Everything changed, however, with the discovery of radioactivity at the end of the nineteenth century - a discovery that led to one of the most remarkable, fruitful, and fateful eras in the history of chemistry.’
      • ‘The myth of the solar hero can be found within many of the ancient civilisations even before the Christian era.’
      • ‘Coast Guard cutters and aircraft formed the federal government's front-line defense during the Prohibition era against liquor smugglers.’
      • ‘Einstein's biographies discuss not only his role within normal science but also his life as a political activist during the World War II era.’
      epoch, age, period, time, aeon, span
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    2. 1.2Geology A major division of time that is a subdivision of an aeon and is itself subdivided into periods.
      ‘the Mesozoic era’
      • ‘The division of the Phanerozoic into chronostratigraphic divisions - eras, periods, epochs and ages - has itself evolved over a period of about 200 years.’
      • ‘The largest would be the ‘Permo-Triassic’ extinction, between the Permian and Triassic periods, of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras.’
      • ‘The following table shows the three eras and eleven geological periods that comprise the Phanerozoic.’
      • ‘Precambrian divisions such as the Proterozoic and the Archean were conventionally eras but are now often referred to as eons.’
      • ‘There are two main groups of fossil stromatoporoids that lived in different eras, the Paleozoic and the Mesozoic.’
      • ‘In the nineteenth century, the definitions of the eras and systems of the geological column were based on fossils and sequences.’
    3. 1.3archaic A date or event marking the beginning of a new and distinct period of time.
      ‘the landing of this English governor was an era in their lives’
      epoch, age, period, time, aeon, span
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Mid 17th century from late Latin aera, denoting a number used as a basis of reckoning, an epoch from which time is reckoned, plural of aes, aer- ‘money, counter’.