Definition of eruv in English:


nouneruvim, eruvs

  • An urban area enclosed by a wire boundary which symbolically extends the private domain of Jewish households into public areas, permitting activities within it that are normally forbidden in public on the Sabbath.

    • ‘Moreover, the Orthodox wouldn't be able to attend synagogue on the Sabbath without an eruv.’
    • ‘The Eruv Association then sued for a court order protecting their eruv and permitting the lechis to remain in place.’
    • ‘However, my first Shabbat in Vancouver, I was informed that one is not allowed to carry anything on Shabbat (in the absence of an eruv, which didn't exist).’
    • ‘They got planning permission for an eruv or two.’
    • ‘The thing is, those wires and poles are fragile, so the eruv has to be checked every week.’


From Hebrew ‘ērūḇ, from a base meaning ‘mixture’.