Definition of erythropoietin in English:

erythropoietin

noun

Biochemistry
  • A hormone secreted by the kidneys that increases the rate of production of red blood cells in response to falling levels of oxygen in the tissues.

    ‘The mechanism responsible for polycythaemia is the release of the hormone erythropoietin from the kidney as a result of the shortage of oxygen there.’
    • ‘However, if symptoms become severe, a blood transfusion or injections of synthetic erythropoietin, a hormone normally produced by the kidneys, may help stimulate red blood cell production and ease fatigue.’
    • ‘Another important renal response to ischemia is the release of erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to increase production of red blood cells.’
    • ‘As renal function declines, patients are likely to develop anemia because of decreased renal production of erythropoietin.’
    • ‘The marrow often has to be supported with granulocyte stimulating factor or erythropoietin.’

Pronunciation

erythropoietin

/əˌriTHrōˈpoiətn/ /əˌrɪθroʊˈpɔɪətn/