Definition of Estonia in English:


proper noun

  • A Baltic country on the south coast of the Gulf of Finland; population 1,300,000 (estimated 2015); languages, Estonian (official), Russian; capital, Tallinn.

Previously ruled by the Teutonic Knights and then by Sweden, Estonia was ceded to Russia in 1721. It was proclaimed an independent republic in 1918 but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 as a constituent republic, the Estonian SSR. With the break-up of the Soviet Union Estonia regained its independence in 1991