Definition of Estonian in English:

Estonian

adjective

  • Relating to Estonia or its people or their language.

    • ‘The first book in the Estonian language was produced in 1525.’
    • ‘Sightseeing round the old town later on, they encountered a group of Estonian skinheads coming the other way.’
    • ‘One of the most interesting upcoming events is the visit from Estonian animator Priit Parn on September 27.’
    • ‘They gathered an army of popular Estonian bands to play all night for thousands of teens who danced and screamed and waved their mobiles in the air.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, Estonian midfielder Mark Shvets will miss tomorrow's clash in Lisbon because of a knee injury.’
    • ‘I've grown up with some Estonian customs and food, but I really don't know that much about the culture.’
    • ‘The competition is based on a Finnish legend, but in recent years it has been dominated by Estonian couples.’
    • ‘If you want Estonian food, there are gloriously snug cellars where you can load up on pork, potatoes and onion.’
    • ‘It is all very authentic, very Estonian, and a great way to start the weekend.’
    • ‘Violations of Estonian airspace ended suddenly when NATO airplanes started to patrol Estonian airspace.’
    • ‘Recently the judiciary committee of the Estonian parliament was compelled to state that it would be impossible to vote on a treaty that was ‘neither authentic nor complete’.’
    • ‘An economic policy memorandum recently presented to the Estonian government by the International Monetary Fund recommends the early privatization of 30 per cent of the port.’
    • ‘The then 34-year-old lost all contact with his Estonian family and spent five fruitless decades searching for them.’
    • ‘Look, here's an election-winning idea: adopt the Estonian policy of not taxing company profits that are reinvested in the company.’
    • ‘He's a nice guy and we chatted for nearly two hours about his work, my work, Tarantino's work and the work of Arvo Part, an Estonian composer.’
    • ‘The pilot announced that we would have to divert to Pskov, a run-down garrison town near the Estonian border, 100 miles to the south.’
    • ‘Here he compares and contrasted Finnish and Estonian farming methods with those in operation in Ireland.’
    • ‘The law was amended before it was passed, making citizenship available to residents who passed Estonian language tests.’
    • ‘By that time I had learned he was Estonian by birth, dedicated strongly to his faith, and apparently had quite a reputation in the modern classical world.’
    • ‘Just be a bit more outward-looking and let people understand that Lithuanian, Estonian, Polish, Hungarian, Romanian and Turkish films are a pretty good thing.’

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of Estonia, or a person of Estonian descent.

    • ‘Four groups of people lived peacefully side-by-side, Estonians, Russians, German and Jews.’
    • ‘We talk to Finns, Estonians and various other Europeans.’
    • ‘Other ethnic groups often found in Latvia include Belarussians, Estonians, Germans, Gypsies, Jews, Lithuanians, Poles, and Ukrainians.’
    • ‘At this time native Estonians and Latvians were beginning to settle in the towns, and from this new class there emerged nationalist and revolutionary groups.’
    • ‘Now, travel is common, with many Estonians visiting the close-by Scandinavian countries or Germany.’
    • ‘Finns had a more positive attitude toward it than Estonians and Russians did.’
    • ‘As with many other European groups, Estonians have colorful regional costumes.’
    • ‘The British, the Swedes and the Estonians agree.’
    • ‘Only 33 per cent of Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians think membership ‘is a good thing’.’
    • ‘In August 1989 two million Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians formed a human chain that stretched north from Vilnius to Tallinn.’
    • ‘Fortunately, Lithuanians - as well as Estonians and Latvians - understood this game.’
    • ‘Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians, and Estonians suffered as others had before them.’
    • ‘‘I am really looking forward to the Irish event,’ said the 28-year-old Estonian.’
    • ‘Being a second generation Estonian, I would like to point out that Estonians had the same atrocities committed against them.’
    • ‘I am an Estonian, I am a mother, I am a grandmother.’
  • 2mass noun The Finno-Ugric language of Estonia, which is closely related to Finnish and is spoken by about a million people.

    • ‘He writes his own lyrics, but it's virtually impossible to say in what language as he borrows words from Estonian, Finnish, and even throws in his own made-up vocabulary.’
    • ‘Instead, it is more like Finnish, Estonian, and a few languages spoken in remote parts of Russia.’
    • ‘Deterred by the prospect of finding interpreters who could deal with such combinations as Portuguese to Estonian or Finnish to Slovene, Brussels ruled new translators only need to render documents into English, French and German.’
    • ‘Of course, the Baltic minorities are not only Russians but Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Jews - in a word, everyone who does not speak Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian.’
    • ‘The official language is Estonian, with Russian also widely spoken.’
    • ‘If anyone can speak Estonian and tell me what the rest means, please do.’
    • ‘Before they could interview the people involved properly, the police had to find language experts who could translate between Estonian, Lithuanian and English.’
    • ‘In the 1970s and the 1980s, many of Billy Graham's books were translated into Estonian, even without any hope of publishing them officially.’
    • ‘Millions of people will continue to speak Italian, Greek, Latvian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Vietnamese, Lebanese and the world's many other languages when they die out in Australia.’
    • ‘English is widely spoken because so few non-Finns speak Finnish, a tongue that has no link to any other Scandinavian language, but is akin to Estonian and Hungarian, yet understood by neither.’
    • ‘Finnish is not related to any of the major European languages, although it resembles Estonian.’
    • ‘‘Finding interpreters who can go from Hungarian into Estonian won't be easy,’ frets one official.’
    • ‘More people know Irish than Maltese, Latvian or Estonian, the protestors claimed.’
    • ‘Many countries will be represented in this concert as the group will sing in a number of languages including Spanish, French, Estonian, German and Latin.’
    • ‘Always impressed by the great distance eels are fated to swim, I wondered where Eastern European eels go for breeding season, so I pull out an old encyclopedia, in Estonian.’

Pronunciation

Estonian

/ɪˈstəʊnɪən/ /ɛˈstəʊnɪən/