Definition of étude in English:

étude

Pronunciation /āˈt(y)o͞od/ /eɪˈt(j)ud/

noun

  • A short musical composition, typically for one instrument, designed as an exercise to improve the technique or demonstrate the skill of the player.

    ‘Does anyone know if the scores for these piano études have been published?’
    • ‘It is an étude for violin and piano.’
    task, piece of work, problem, assignment, piece of school work, piece of homework

Origin

Mid 19th century from French, literally ‘study’.