Definition of exclude in English:


Video: a look at exclude


[with object]
  • 1Deny (someone) access to a place, group, or privilege.

    ‘the public were excluded from the board meeting’
    • ‘You are excluded from the United Kingdom at the personal direction of the Secretary of State.’
    • ‘Frankly, we find it hard to accept that either of the reasons put forward by your clients amounts to the real reason why Mr Wilson was excluded from the Folkestone Police Station.’
    • ‘As already mentioned, he was excluded from Whitton High School by letter from the Head Teacher.’
    • ‘So for very many years there was a debate that this is unequal, because females are excluded from inheritance.’
    • ‘Duerksen said he is excluded from the rights and privileges of a Member of Parliament because he simply does not meet the definition of an MP.’
    • ‘The 42-year-old launched an appeal in a bid to save his burgeoning new career, knowing that it would effectively be over if he was excluded from premises licensed by the Jockey Club.’
    • ‘Because men favor men, and hence, men get the high-profile extra assignments that I am excluded from.’
    • ‘As we saw above, early migrants were largely excluded from access to public housing by complex residence and qualification rules.’
    • ‘If you are suddenly excluded from departmental meetings and passed over for work usually assigned to you, the likelihood is that somebody somewhere has already decided to remove you from the loop.’
    • ‘But this time, he was excluded from the debates.’
    • ‘Immediately after scoring a brilliant 158 in the fifth and final test against Australia, he was excluded from the England team to tour South Africa - apparently because of his race.’
    • ‘Not for long can he be excluded from the leadership of processes that increasingly steer themselves toward his interest, and that of the people in his immediate command.’
    • ‘Everyone feels lonely sometimes - after a break-up with a friend or lover, when we move to a new place, when we are excluded from some social gathering.’
    • ‘Those bookstores provided a valuable service but also served as a reminder that we were excluded from the straight community in many ways.’
    • ‘As a eunuch he was excluded from the inner parts of the temple.’
    • ‘But, again, I personally don't believe that the way to bring about the changes that are desired is by excluding military recruiters from campus, as opposed to trying to change the law.’
    • ‘Now, remember the ‘economic exclusion’ argument: Cincinnati's racist power structure is excluding hordes of qualified young black men.’
    • ‘Curiously, the need to own a credit or debit card means they'll automatically be excluding an enormous segment of the online, music-loving audience, the under-18s.’
    • ‘There will always be those who would prefer to keep the European Union an exclusive club, but we have more to gain from including new eager members than from excluding them.’
    • ‘Yet some complain that despite government funding and a well-intentioned bureaucracy, co-ops are free to exclude any resident they consider undesirable.’
    keep out, deny access to, shut out, debar, disbar, bar, ban, prohibit, put an embargo on, embargo
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    1. 1.1Keep (something) out of a place.
      ‘apply flux to exclude oxygen’
      • ‘They migrate throughout the enclosed space, forming an invisible barrier on metal surfaces which excludes the moisture and oxygen which are responsible for corrosion.’
      • ‘It is important to note that normal resting oxygenation does not exclude exertional or nocturnal oxygen desaturation.’
      • ‘‘It excludes oxygen, so the propellant is breathed in instead,’ he said.’
      • ‘To create generic strategies that were independent of the topic of a review, we excluded terms that would apply exclusively to a given purpose.’
      • ‘To exclude religious schools from these programs, as some liberals propose, would not be neutral - it would be a form of active discrimination against religion.’
      • ‘They changed the definition of an institution to exclude these schools and homes for young juvenile offenders.’
      • ‘There aren't that many ways of making a fire go out - you can put water on it to cool it down, or you can use some other gas to exclude the oxygen.’
      • ‘Protection of the molten alloy using either a flux or a protective gas cover to exclude oxygen is therefore necessary.’
      • ‘While the language of standards encourages Americans to view physical education as unnecessary, the long-term financial cost to the nation of excluding it demand that it be preserved.’
      • ‘If there are other considerations. like custody disputes or court wardship, then the school should make sure they are not put at risk of identification by excluding them from press coverage, including photographs.’
      • ‘They also did take him to task for excluding data from 1774-1776 but in his response, Bellesiles does seem to give a cogent response as to why he excluded the data.’
      • ‘In contrast, Bermuda's papers almost never do, preferring to confine the foreign news deep inside the paper (and almost entirely excluding it from radio bulletins).’
      • ‘The Report indicates that by excluding this water, capacity could be created for new industrial and housing developments prior to the laying of new sewers and a new treatment works.’
      • ‘Chances are that you or someone you know is faced with the gruelling task of excluding it from his or her diet - wheat.’
      • ‘Most importantly we'd recommend consulting a medical practitioner or dietitian before excluding any major food group like dairy from the diet.’
      • ‘He is hoping that it will adjust the electricity market which, he believes, concentrates too closely on price while largely excluding the methods of production.’
      • ‘The second phase will favour non-military means, without entirely excluding the military option.’
    2. 1.2Expel (a pupil) from school.
      • ‘In this particular case the council contacted the school and is satisfied that the school acted appropriately in excluding the pupil.’
      • ‘The Scottish Executive, however, attracted the bulk of criticism for increasing stress on teachers by pushing ahead with a policy of reducing the number of pupils being excluded from school.’
      • ‘A total of 56 pupils were excluded from schools between March 2002 and April 2003.’
      • ‘Mr Mansley said the school had a situation last year when a pupil was excluded for wearing an earring and the parents chose to send the child to another school.’
      • ‘But I remember her telling schools not to exclude violent pupils.’
      • ‘He blamed a tripling of serious attacks on teachers on the government's edict to schools not to exclude violent pupils.’
      • ‘Appeals Panels still have powers to reverse decisions of schools to exclude pupils permanently.’
      • ‘Other than in the most exceptional circumstances, schools should avoid permanently excluding pupils with statements.’
      • ‘The system creates ‘failures’ by excluding pupils from school when they have problems.’
      • ‘The issue in that case was defined by Sedley L.J. in paragraph 1 of the judgment of the Court of Appeal, namely if a state school unlawfully excludes a pupil who is on its roll, has it violated his right to education under the ECHR?’
      • ‘New guidelines to independent appeals panels call for them to take into account the impact on the whole school of bringing back excluded pupils, and not to reinstate pupils on a technicality.’
      • ‘Three pupils have been temporarily excluded by St Martin's School after an A level exam was disrupted by a fire alarm prank.’
      • ‘O'Brien said schools needed greater powers permanently to exclude the most disruptive pupils, even if that meant the Executive had to find extra money to educate troubled children outside the classroom.’
      • ‘Section 66 requires the governing body of a maintained school to consider any decision that a pupil be excluded permanently from that school and to determine whether or not the pupil should be reinstated.’
      • ‘He said that since then two pupils had been permanently excluded and a ‘few dozen’ had received fixed-term exclusions, but behaviour was improving.’
      • ‘In about 20 per cent of cases, the exclusions are for longer - and since last September, 26 pupils have been permanently excluded.’
      • ‘The council has made provision for her education as we would with any pupil who has been excluded.’
      • ‘The governors will decide if some or all of the pupils will be excluded for good after a full review of what happened.’
      • ‘Five pupils at a high school have been excluded over drugs allegations.’
      • ‘The same year saw nearly 10,000 pupils permanently excluded - a 6% rise over the previous year.’
  • 2Remove from consideration.

    ‘one cannot exclude the possibility of a fall in house prices’
    • ‘If affordable housing is to be made available in this community, no options should be excluded without careful consideration.’
    • ‘On the flip side, an auditor is punished, in a sense, for being diligent by excluding himself from consideration for certain good jobs.’
    • ‘Once those 15 were excluded, only two possibilities were left in parliament.’
    • ‘However, the possibility cannot be excluded that he is mistaken about this.’
    • ‘And I'm naturally excluding from consideration those who have abused within the statute of limitations and so should be locked up.’
    • ‘The prosecution are unable to exclude the very real possibility that somebody else came across him lying injured and delivered the fatal blow.’
    • ‘The global economy, dominated by transnational companies and international financial markets, excludes such a possibility.’
    • ‘The possibility cannot be excluded that measurements at earlier or later time points might have revealed some differences attributable to the supplementation.’
    • ‘This possibility cannot be completely excluded.’
    • ‘This could mean flights between two states within Europe, but that possibility has seemingly been excluded by the category of intra-European flights.’
    • ‘Since these were hyperfunctioning, carcinoma could be excluded with considerable confidence.’
    • ‘When asked whether he thought the men could be imprisoned in South Africa, he said the possibility could not be excluded.’
    • ‘Some of the possibilities can be excluded on the grounds that they are too far-fetched to be taken seriously.’
    • ‘All of these possibilities must be excluded before the diagnosis of sick sinus syndrome can be made.’
    • ‘So although this possibility cannot be excluded, it does not seem an entirely adequate explanation.’
    • ‘A medical system that excludes from consideration notions of the mystical, occult, spiritual, or religious will never be entirely satisfying to many.’
    • ‘Hence, we include this treatment to further highlight features that tend to narrow discussion and prematurely exclude working hypotheses from consideration.’
    • ‘Current data limitations such as the small size of the population mean the possibility of a small increased risk cannot be excluded.’
    • ‘The secretary may decide to exclude schools not adhering to the deadline.’
    eliminate, rule out, factor out
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    1. 2.1Prevent the occurrence of.
      ‘clauses seeking to exclude liability for loss or damage’
      • ‘We cannot exclude further occurrences of outbreaks in poultry and other birds in other areas of the European Union.’
      • ‘That clause excludes liability for loss and nuisance caused by environmental pollution except when it arises from a sudden event which is unintentional and unforeseen.’
      • ‘Active tuberculosis must be excluded before beginning preventive therapy.’
      • ‘This possible bias casts doubt on the conclusion by Danesh et al that a strong association can be excluded.’
      • ‘Chronic parasitic infection can be sought and excluded by microscopic examination of the stools.’
      • ‘Fourthly, the contract may contain exclusion clauses by virtue of which one party seeks to exclude or restrict a liability which he would otherwise owe to the other.’
      eliminate, rule out, factor out
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    law (or principle) of the excluded middle
    • The principle that one (and one only) of two contradictory propositions must be true.

      • ‘This is likely because in logic a paradox is going to be translated as a strict contradiction - a clear violation of the law of the excluded middle.’
      • ‘In his Hamburg lecture in 1921, Hilbert first presented the idea of using choice functions to deal with the principle of the excluded middle in a formal system for arithmetic.’
      • ‘In 1913 Lesniewski published an article on the law of the excluded middle, then in the following year a publication on Russell's paradox.’
      • ‘One way in particular that this influence was exerted was over the law of the excluded middle.’
      • ‘It seems a pretty harmless conclusion to draw, and formally it depends upon the Aristotelian law of the excluded middle: there is no middle term between at home and not at home.’
      • ‘As well, the primary thesis in that thread was that any & all dichotomies have an identical structure that is based on the principle of the excluded middle: A or not A.’


Late Middle English from Latin excludere, from ex- ‘out’ + claudere ‘to shut’.



/ɪkˈskluːd/ /ɛkˈskluːd/