Definition of fabric in English:


See synonyms for fabric

Translate fabric into Spanish


  • 1Cloth or other material produced by weaving or knitting fibers.

    ‘heavy silk fabric’
    • ‘waterproof fabrics’
    • ‘Lovely silk brocades and other fine fabrics are woven, dyed and embroidered here.’
    • ‘The use of fabrics such as Thai silk, fur and stretch cotton brings diversity to the texture.’
    • ‘I love the feel of natural fabrics; linen and silk are more lively and natural as well.’
    • ‘Gradually cotton gave way to silk and weavers branched out to textiles and fabrics as well.’
    • ‘Silk fabrics were not, like cotton cloth, the normal wear of the labouring classes.’
    • ‘Too many contrasting textiles and fighting fabrics will give you feelings of disorder and anxiety.’
    • ‘Instead, she has been playing around with contrasting fabrics, mixing heavy wool with silk crêpes.’
    • ‘These narrow braids could also be woven on a small vertical loom similar to those used for weaving wider fabrics.’
    • ‘Tightly woven fabrics will provide the best protection from the sun.’
    • ‘Apart from painting, he also designed carpets and fabrics, which were woven by his wife.’
    • ‘The rest of the tent was an elaborate mess of silk fabrics, elegant furs, and expensive treasures.’
    • ‘Like most of the others, he wore extravagant clothes made from the finest eastern silks and fabrics.’
    • ‘When people think of Turkey and shopping, they tend to think of rugs, kelims and other fabrics.’
    • ‘Large checks, iridescent fabrics and decadent velvet are all worn with attitude.’
    • ‘The heavier fabrics do hold in some heat and are best used in the early spring or late fall.’
    • ‘Try to avoid polyester and other man-made fabrics, as they do not allow your skin to breathe.’
    • ‘This is where a line of fabrics are reprinted on cheaper fabric to achieve a lower price.’
    • ‘He gets his fabrics from the district or from Durban, a major fabric manufacturing centre.’
    • ‘Shoes are available in many styles in fabrics which can be custom dyed to match the gown.’
    • ‘The mill was packed with football shirts, fabrics and yarns ready to be sent across the world.’
    cloth, material, textile, stuff, tissue, web
    View synonyms
  • 2The walls, floor, and roof of a building.

    ‘decay and neglect are slowly eating away at the building's fabric’
    • ‘Wet rot in the attic and upper floors is eating into the timber, plaster and fabric of the building and causing part of the roof to collapse.’
    • ‘The listing of the 45 ft former windmill is intended to protect the entire fabric of the building inside and out.’
    • ‘Bradford Council says that it cannot afford to do the necessary repairs to the building and its fabric but surely it has spare cash.’
    • ‘It also grants permission to restore the original building fabric of the railway station.’
    • ‘Schools throughout Cumbria had to be closed after sustaining damage to building fabric.’
    • ‘The fabric of the building must have suffered greatly from the recent extremes of weather.’
    • ‘The fabric of the buildings at the prison still gives the board cause for concern.’
    • ‘This included a complete gutting of the material fabric inside the building.’
    • ‘Damage to the internal fabric of the building was widespread.’
    • ‘The building fabric itself is elaborated through sustainable design considerations.’
    • ‘The condition of the building fabric and surrounding fencing and yard is poor.’
    • ‘The rich, blue fabric of the walls makes a good foil for the drawings and prints which we are told will be its main exhibits.’
    • ‘In recent years the fabric of the building began to show signs of decay and in 1997 work began in earnest to rectify the damage.’
    • ‘The complex is badly in need of investment, not only to maintain the fabric of the buildings itself but also to raise the profile of the local community.’
    • ‘From a distance, the pub has an air of faded charm and elegance, but closer inspection reveals the fabric of the building is in need of restoration.’
    • ‘The one-off grant was only available to be spent on the fabric of the building and on equipment, and could not fund medical or nurse staffing.’
    • ‘Time is truly catching up with the fabric of the building.’
    • ‘We should be looking after the fabric of our church buildings as part of our national heritage.’
    • ‘Corridors funnel deep into the fabric of the building, like the alleyways of a Mediterranean town.’
    • ‘It is possible to envisage situations where advertisements could be incorporated into the fabric of a building.’
    structure, framework, frame, form, make-up, constitution, composition, construction, organization, infrastructure, foundations, mechanisms, anatomy, essence
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1The body of a car or aircraft.
      ‘we heard creaking and rushing noises in the car's fabric’
      • ‘An examination of the aircraft's fabric after the accident revealed that the paint covering on the fuselage and part of the tail was thicker than that on the wings.’
      • ‘The wing spars and ribs are made of extruded aluminum and the complete aircraft is covered with Ceconite fabric.’
    2. 2.2The essential structure of anything, especially a society or culture.
      ‘the fabric of society’
      • ‘Instead he began to explore the social and cultural fabric of precolonial African societies.’
      • ‘It is time to say enough is enough before the unique fabric of this multicultural society is destroyed by the enemies within.’
      • ‘The answer has to lie in improving the economic, financial, and social fabric of our society.’
      • ‘He made a huge contribution to the social fabric of society in West Kerry and his unexpected death was a huge shock to the whole peninsula.’
      • ‘Vast inequality and poverty could strain the social fabric of our society.’
      • ‘It holds true that culture makes up the fabric of any society from which people draw their individual and cultural identity.’
      • ‘There is a lack of manners, a lack of courtesy nowadays, and you don't have to be Einstein to work out that the very fabric of society seems to be crumbling.’
      • ‘The fabric that binds society is delicate and needs careful handling.’
      • ‘Zuma said something was clearly wrong within the moral fabric of society, and this required urgent action.’
      • ‘We are already beginning to see how these profound demographic shifts are ripping the very fabric of societies.’
      • ‘Instead of rights being secure within the very fabric of society, they were perilously superficial.’
      • ‘The fabric of any society begins with the individual, her sense of empowerment, her belief in her own agency.’
      • ‘Touching on the topic of corruption, Arnold defined it as a cancer which eats into the very fabric of society.’
      • ‘Older persons can contribute to the future and fabric of society.’
      • ‘In fact, consumerism has spread like an epidemic, corroding the civic fabric of our society.’
      • ‘I had thought it was the moral fabric of society decaying, but it seems it wasn't.’
      • ‘Drugs have been destroying our youth for decades and they also tear into the very fabric of our society.’
      • ‘We believe that to be silent about the truth damages the very fabric of our society.’
      • ‘How can we be vigilant if the very fabric of our society is put at risk in this manner?’



/ˈfabrik/ /ˈfæbrɪk/


Late 15th century from French fabrique, from Latin fabrica ‘something skillfully produced’, from faber ‘worker in metal, stone, etc’ The word originally denoted a building, later a machine, the general sense being ‘something made’, hence fabric (sense 1) (mid 18th century, originally denoting any manufactured material). fabric (sense 2) dates from the mid 17th century.