Definition of factitious in English:


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  • Artificially created or developed.

    ‘a largely factitious national identity’
    • ‘Occasionally, epilepsy can be mistaken for narcolepsy, and factitious simulation of narcolepsy has been described.’
    • ‘People with factitious disorder feign or actually induce illness in themselves, typically to garner the nurturance of others.’
    • ‘She was said to be suffering from factitious illness by proxy, a disorder previously referred to as Munchausen's syndrome by proxy.’
    • ‘Thus, of Laetitia Landon he writes: ‘Her poetry recreates a factitious world and she is shrewd enough to see that her own perceptions are part of that world, as is the language in which she can speak of it’.’
    • ‘Finally, for each consultation episode the diagnosis was noted (if given) and it was determined whether the episode was medically unexplained, mixed (evidence of both physical and psychological disorder), or factitious.’
    • ‘For decades, physicians have known about so-called factitious disorder, better known in its severe form as Munchausen syndrome.’
    • ‘In December 1796 he had prompted French sympathizers in cities freed by French arms from Modenese and papal rule to form themselves into a Cispadane Republic, itself absorbed in June 1796 into the equally factitious Cisalpine one.’
    • ‘There are, of course extremes when it comes to lying and you may have heard of the terrible plight of people with Munchausen's Syndrome or factitious disorder where people lie compulsively about illnesses that they know they do not have.’
    • ‘The problem is the difficulty of distinguishing malingering from factitious disorders, in which symptoms are intentionally produced but where there is no apparent external incentive and the motivation seems to be unconscious.’
    • ‘In part this is a corollary of what I have just been suggesting; that certain difficulties and objections, which may previously have seemed peripheral or even factitious, are made to stand out as fundamental and unavoidable.’
    • ‘The ringmaster selects only the audience questions he wants to use; he speaks repeatedly for Lola; the audience sees only the factitious and selective reconstructions of her scandalous life.’
    • ‘The patients were not diagnosed as having a factitious disorder or malingering because their symptoms were judged not to be fabricated, feigned, or intentionally produced.’
    • ‘Feldman is a nationally known expert in the areas of factitious disorders, Munchausen by proxy and malingering, having written three books on these subjects.’
    • ‘Mart argues that our conception of factitious disorder by proxy derives from case studies rather than from scientific testing and that it should not be legally recognized.’
    • ‘Researchers also note the need to examine the patient's psychological status when hysteria, malingering, or factitious illness may be a factor.’
    • ‘The ear, freed from a factitious counting, takes joy in discerning, on its own, all the possible combinations of twelve tones.’
    • ‘The nurse informed me he had been carted off to start a course of factitious fever therapy, the only treatment then available to allay the late ravages of the spirochaete.’
    • ‘Most patients with factitious disorders are women with stable social networks, and more than half of these work in medically related occupations.’
    • ‘I told her about factitious disorder and how I was convinced she was not looking for attention in this manner.’
    • ‘First, by so doing, he could secure a factitious glory at home; this would prevent or, at least, postpone the rise of a new opposition.’
    fake, faked, spurious, false, fraudulent, sham, deceptive, misleading, pretended
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/fakˈtiSHəs/ /fækˈtɪʃəs/


Mid 17th century (in the general sense ‘made by human skill or effort’): from Latin facticius ‘made by art’, from facere ‘do, make’.