Definition of fascism in English:

fascism

noun

mass noun
  • 1An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.

    • ‘According to this theory there was no difference between social democracy and fascism.’
    • ‘Italian fascism was very distinctive from National Socialism, and neither resembled Japanese totalitarianism.’
    • ‘The connection between Berlusconi and Italian fascism is not difficult to decipher.’
    • ‘I joined the Communist Party because I saw they really were fighting fascism at home and abroad.’
    • ‘I agree with him that fascism needs to be condemned without reservations, and combated.’
    • ‘Third, his treatment of fascism in the late 1930s and early 1940s seems too broad.’
    • ‘Why did the European bourgeoisie resort to fascism in the 1930s?’
    • ‘Egyptian mainstream intellectuals roundly condemned fascism in the 1930s.’
    • ‘Earlier generations of Americans defeated fascism and won the long twilight struggle against communism.’
    • ‘Organisational independence would be maintained but they would unite to confront and defeat fascism.’
    • ‘But others did so from a genuine patriotism or a hatred of German fascism.’
    • ‘The Italian partisans had risen up against Italian and German fascism only 20 years before.’
    • ‘Many came with the hope of turning Spain into a graveyard of European fascism.’
    • ‘An analogy could be made with how the emergence of European fascism should be taught.’
    • ‘Do you oppose fascism while keeping fascists within your circle of friends?’
    • ‘His book is an important read for anyone who wants to understand how to oppose fascism.’
    • ‘We were able to argue why fascism exists, what it is, and how we fight it.’
    • ‘The party focused on parliament, not mass action, and its leaders had no strategy for resisting fascism.’
    • ‘In defining fascism, it is useful to recall the movement's genesis.’
    authoritarianism, totalitarianism, dictatorship, despotism, autocracy, absolute rule, Nazism, rightism, militarism
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(in general use) extreme authoritarian, oppressive, or intolerant views or practices.
      ‘this is yet another example of health fascism in action’
      • ‘Welcome to the authoritarian world of health fascism.’
      • ‘Getting drunk is mostly an exercise of choice, one of the few available in the current climate of health fascism.’
      • ‘On top of that, I'm probably indulging fascism, anti-Semitism and snottiness.’
      • ‘Those seeking protection from religious fascism can rely on the judiciary to deliver them up to it on a plate.’
      • ‘The next thing we have to tackle is the fight against racism and fascism.’
      • ‘Those who say a smoking ban smacks of fascism are closer to the truth than they realise.’
      • ‘To be forced to argue your case is not a symptom of incipient clerical fascism, but of a respect for the views of others.’
      • ‘He used his celebrity to speak out against fascism and racial prejudice.’
      • ‘That, to me, is a recipe for chauvinism and potentially even fascism.’
      • ‘A conference was being held today to explore the rise of fascism and far right movements, and how to combat racism.’
      • ‘I detest the cult of body fascism, the more so since I live in its global capital.’
      • ‘The theocratic fascism of the networks must be defeated also.’
      • ‘On the other, the arid monochrome of dull and vicious theocratic fascism.’
      • ‘I think it's true: it's a strand of theocratic fascism.’
      • ‘It emerged in a war-ravaged nation as a type of clerical fascism.’
      • ‘Apparently her success was a heart-warming populist victory against the corporate body fascism visible in hip-hop videos.’
      • ‘The media are rightly criticised for 'body fascism', and placing too much attention on size 10 supermodels.’
      • ‘We may be fighting defensive struggles, against the war, racism, fascism and cuts in social services.’
      • ‘Condemnations of colonialism, class and fascism were all themes running through his work.’

The term Fascism was first used of the totalitarian right-wing nationalist regime of Mussolini in Italy (1922–43); the regimes of the Nazis in Germany and Franco in Spain were also Fascist. Fascism tends to include a belief in the supremacy of one national or ethnic group, a contempt for democracy, an insistence on obedience to a powerful leader, and a strong demagogic approach

Origin

1920s from Italian fascismo, from fascio ‘bundle, political group’, from Latin fascis (see fasces).

Pronunciation

fascism

/ˈfaʃɪz(ə)m/