Definition of field in English:


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  • 1An area of open land, especially one planted with crops or pasture, typically bounded by hedges or fences.

    ‘a wheat field’
    • ‘a field of corn’
    • ‘As she walked past pastures and small fields of crops she could not bring herself to imagine her own life coming to that.’
    • ‘The project will reforest old crop fields and pastures and an abandoned rock quarry that has degraded over the years.’
    • ‘The country side was woods/swamps for the most part with open farm fields of wheat and corn, that was about three feet high.’
    • ‘Much of the land was intensely cultivated, a dry quiltwork of barley fields and hayfields and pastures shorn down to the dirt by goats and sheep.’
    • ‘Whatever the dangers of open fields and common pastures, enclosure movements are premature.’
    • ‘The great expanses of the open fields were replaced by hedges, fences, and, in upland areas, dry stone walling.’
    • ‘The main reasons for its decline are the clearance of heaths, drainage of winter-wet grasslands, loss of pastures to arable fields, and decline of grazing on commons.’
    • ‘Its second-growth oaks, hickories, and sugar maples tower over the open pastures and fields of the lower slope and bottomland.’
    • ‘Roads will be removed or tunnelled and ploughed fields returned to open grassland.’
    • ‘They cleared forests to encourage grass for particular animals, to open fields for crops, and to increase growth of particular plants.’
    • ‘Our search continues for new, safe, and powerful ways to disinfest fields where these crops are planted.’
    • ‘Wheat fields are harrowed before the crop emerges to get the first flush of weeds.’
    • ‘The farther west we flew, the more I saw some strange sights, those being great, circular fields of green crops located next to desert sands.’
    • ‘It is amazing how fast the fields planted to crops have been turning green.’
    • ‘Our hay and pasture fields are really thriving, and the earthworm population is amazing.’
    • ‘In fact it sits in the middle of a plain - open fields upon open fields of barley and wheat span out ahead and behind it in the almost flat Midlands landscape.’
    • ‘To help their recovery, and that of birds and insects, farmers are now being encouraged to sow margins of native plants, including wild flowers, around fields alongside arable crops.’
    • ‘In the aisles between the vines as well as in fallow fields, growers plant different crops to crowd out weeds, repel bugs, and provide soil nutrients.’
    • ‘The leaf bits were drying up and falling apart, having been taken off fresh corn plants in Georgia fields several days before.’
    • ‘Pasture fields were soil tested each year, and inventories were completed in the spring and summer for forage species, weeds, and bare ground percentage.’
    meadow, pasture, paddock, green, pen, grassland, pastureland, sward
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A piece of land used for a particular purpose, especially an area marked out for a game or sport.
      ‘a football field’
      • ‘It's this talent, he argues, that has enabled them to maximise the potential playing area of a football field.’
      • ‘Usftl games are typically played on Sunday mornings on regulation football fields with 12-minute quarters.’
      • ‘I don't want to see injuries happen to anyone on the football field, but they are a part of the game.’
      • ‘He sees it in all aspects of life, from sports fields to football clubs.’
      • ‘Think of it like the computer game Minesweeper, except on a football field.’
      • ‘So that game in 1986 was the first time we were on the same field in a competitive game.’
      • ‘He fires off the ball, disrupts the backfield and makes plays all over the football field.’
      • ‘However this proved to be in vain when some quick thinking at a tap penalty saw Dodworth go nearly the full length of the field to tie the game.’
      • ‘He said his proposal would involve a single-storey school, which could offer facilities for community activities, including a swimming pool, a hall, a gym and sports fields.’
      • ‘He has, without doubt, one of the more dangerous players on the field in Game Two.’
      • ‘Back in those days they wouldn't have taken the camera away from the field while the game was being played.’
      • ‘Well, no matter how they look on paper, you gotta play the games on the field.’
      • ‘One sports talk show after another was lined up in front of the dugouts, taking live shots of the field before the big game.’
      • ‘So you don't see all the best players of the game on the field at the same time.’
      • ‘There is no doubt that being a spectator is far more stressful than to actually be involved in the game on the field.’
      • ‘The sports centre subsidises things like playing fields and football fields.’
      • ‘As a follower of the game it will be a joy to watch Kavanagh playing on Gaelic football fields for many more years to come.’
      • ‘Mercy, but they are going to have fun on the football field at Honolulu, and possibly the nearest race track.’
      • ‘Both keepers were the busiest players on the field in an end-to-end game with Bingley opening the scoring in the tenth minute.’
      • ‘But his presence led to an unprecedented incident on the field in the Seagulls-Apollon game.’
      sports field, ground, playing field, recreation ground, arena
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Cricket Defensive play or the defensive positions collectively.
      ‘he is fast in the field and on the bases’
      • ‘As far as the field is concerned, this year we've had the deepest and strongest field ever.’
      • ‘Is the field in, hovering around the centre, or is it deep-set, flung back to the periphery?’
      • ‘Other situations may also exist where there is an open gap in the field due simply to the positioning of the fielders.’
    3. 1.3A large area of land or water completely covered in a particular substance, especially snow or ice.
      ‘an ice field’
      • ‘After about a mile I kinked down to cross the Seven where there's a good, arched bridge and where the river, flowing through fields of virgin snow, was trimmed with a glaze of grey translucent ice.’
      • ‘In this case, over time, the debris field covered about two to three square mile area.’
      • ‘Observations made earlier this year by the OMEGA instrument on Mars Express showed that Mars has vast fields of perennial water ice, stretching out from its south pole.’
      • ‘Spring came and the snowpack melted like an ice cube on hot asphalt, instead of compacting and forming the vast fields of perfect-corn snow we expected.’
      • ‘Here three main pockmark and mud diapir fields were observed.’
      • ‘The simplest explanation is that the general assumption that continental monogenetic volcanic fields lack significant shallow magma storage zones must be in error.’
      • ‘Continental monogenetic volcanic fields are subject to the same physical constraints as other volcanic systems.’
      • ‘Individual volcanoes of continental monogenetic volcanic fields are generally presumed to erupt single magma batches during brief eruptions.’
      • ‘These are interpreted to be lava tube conduits feeding the toe of the lava field.’
      • ‘The vertical change in architecture can be related to the evolution of the lava field.’
      • ‘These lizards rely on rock crevices for cover from predators and harsh climate and these crevices are found only in boulder fields or lava flows.’
    4. 1.4An area rich in a natural product, typically oil or gas.
      ‘an oil field’
      • ‘Another wealthy tribe, the 16,000-strong Osage in Oklahoma, owns the rights to one of the richest oil and gas fields in the state.’
      • ‘Salekhard is surrounded by some of the richest oil and natural gas fields in the world.’
      • ‘The attention that was given to the detailed geometry of growth faults in the Gulf of Mexico, the North Sea, and the Niger Delta helped the exploitation of oil and gas fields in these areas.’
      • ‘The large pipelines, built since the 1970s, linking Soviet oil and gas fields and western Europe, make their way across Ukrainian territory.’
      • ‘The Brunei economy was revolutionized by the discovery of substantial onshore oil deposits in 1929 and offshore oil and gas fields in the early 1960s.’
      • ‘China's state-owned oil companies have in recent years been actively involved around the globe in buying oil and gas fields and establishing energy supplies.’
      • ‘This story says that a Waitangi Tribunal report to be issued today will find that Taranaki Maori are entitled to a share of the profits from our oil and gas fields.’
      • ‘China has huge oil and gas fields still to be developed.’
      • ‘At the same time, many of the world's oil and gas fields are maturing.’
      • ‘However, Arctic reserves are now being considered more seriously as other oil and gas fields become exhausted.’
      • ‘In the case of Christmas Island two of the three launch paths will go over or near the oil and gas fields of the northwest shelf and the Timor Sea.’
      • ‘Greater Sunrise is the biggest of the three oil and gas fields in the Timor Sea.’
      • ‘Large natural gas storage fields in salt domes are another example.’
      • ‘Australia must therefore not frustrate East Timor's rightful claim to its maritime boundaries and its rightful share of the oil and gas fields of the Timor Sea.’
      • ‘To this end, the company is betting on expanding its oil and gas productions from fields outside Indonesia.’
      • ‘The UK oil and gas industry has benefited from the abolition of royalty payments on the North Sea's 30 oldest oil and gas fields, which came into effect on January 1.’
      • ‘It could be further magnified because over time non-U.S. firms will have much more information on and familiarity with Iranian oil and gas fields.’
      • ‘It is running a dangerous game of bluff over Greater Sunrise, encouraged by Norwegian advisers whose experience is based on the oil and gas fields in Europe's North Sea.’
      • ‘Unocal controls major oil and gas fields in Alaska, the Gulf of Mexico, and, of course, Asia.’
      • ‘Oil companies are experts in developing oil and gas fields, not countries.’
    5. 1.5the fieldA place where a subject of scientific study or of artistic representation can be observed in its natural location or context.
      ‘When traveling to a destination with large mammals you should learn about their behavior before going out in the field.’
      • ‘Getting out in the field over and over is the best way to build up knowledge.’
    6. 1.6An area on which a battle is fought.
      ‘a field of battle’
      • ‘But while vanquishing the enemy on the field of battle is necessary, it is not sufficient.’
      • ‘I wondered if my classmates and I could make such a sacrifice for our country on the field of battle.’
      • ‘It would have been better if they had fallen on the field of battle.’
      • ‘We read of their heroic actions on the field of battle and their deeds in other places.’
      • ‘Unable to match the forces of the West on the field of battle, new plans had to be hatched.’
      • ‘In 1913 Paris was hit by The Rite of Spring and by a volume of noise and dissonance that no human had experienced outside the field of battle.’
      • ‘The inference, that the ideas that it contains should be carried to the field of battle, is inescapable.’
      • ‘However, they could not forget the bonds they had forged with their French brothers on the field of battle.’
      • ‘Losing a man on the field of battle is a terrible thing, but losing a man when the army is bedded down for the winter is truly a tragedy.’
      • ‘The U.S. military was so superior as to be virtually unchallengeable on the field of battle.’
      • ‘All her life she had imagined the field of battle from her grandfather's descriptions.’
      • ‘The threats from the beach were horrifying enough to have made Napoleon turn from the field of battle.’
      • ‘From the mists, a shuffling figure could be discerned moving towards the field of battle.’
      • ‘It was more likely that their shortcomings outside the field of battle that would hold them back.’
      • ‘But for the labours of a statesman all the sound and fury of the swordsman on the field of battle would in the end signify nothing.’
      • ‘Even now, the last of my forces have withdrawn from the field of battle back into the keep.’
      • ‘Images of Bruce Lee and the night fighting scene in Enter the Dragon flashed through my mind like flags on the field of battle.’
      • ‘But the idea is to use it on a wounded soldier on the field of battle where blood is hard to come across.’
      • ‘Ultimate victory for them lies at the level of grand strategy rather than on the field of battle.’
    7. 1.7 archaic A battle.
      ‘many a bloody field was to be fought’
      • ‘Rupert made himself conspicuous during our Civil War in many a bloody field.’
      • ‘All these were slaughtered in savage fields for the faith and fell beside the standard of the Cross, breathing loyalty to God and man in their last agonies.’
  • 2A particular branch of study or sphere of activity or interest.

    ‘we talked to professionals in various fields’
    • ‘His main fields of interest include the study of labor markets and social stratification.’
    • ‘This curious publication listed its fields of interest as ‘magic, fortune telling, palmistry, graphology and spiritualism’.’
    • ‘According to the teacher, other factors that are at play when it comes to advising the students on career paths include studying skills and the passing of interest tests for specific fields.’
    • ‘The tools will let you select the topics and the fields of interest to you and figure out what intelligent people are saying about them.’
    • ‘Reading in the summer, we can move outside our fields and study topics of general importance.’
    • ‘As in all fields of human activity, errors have been made.’
    • ‘By arrogance I don't mean pride, for there is no harm in being proud of what we have achieved in all fields of human activity.’
    • ‘He is master of his subject, and has had time to branch out into other fields.’
    • ‘She was interested in the film field even from a very young age.’
    • ‘I have to honestly say that I didn't have much of an interest in the acting field.’
    • ‘Another field of interest for Hungary in Bulgaria is the development of transport infrastructure.’
    • ‘Srivasta was keen on opting for cellular and mobile communication, his field of special interest.’
    • ‘You gain professional credibility through creative and productive work in a special field of activity.’
    • ‘The former requires a multidisciplinary approach, utilizing not only seismology but also other fields of geophysics and, most importantly, geology and geomorphology.’
    • ‘One way to try to get a handle on what's happening in a scientific field is to study citations in research papers.’
    • ‘In addition, consular officers are given little training as to which fields of scientific study may pose a security risk.’
    • ‘They will come away, as I did, with a pretty good idea of what the field of forensic geology is all about.’
    • ‘It also includes all other rights that may result from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.’
    • ‘During the past two decades, we have witnessed exponential growth in the fields of genetics and molecular biology.’
    • ‘Agriculture, like medicine, is rapidly changing because of advances being made in molecular biology, particularly in the fields of genomics and biotechnology.’
    area, sphere, area of activity, discipline, province, department, domain, sector, line, branch, subject, speciality, specialty, specialization, specialism
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Computing A part of a record, representing an item of data.
      ‘A PRM can be thought of as a Bayesian network whose variables are fields in a relational database.’
      • ‘Buffer overflows are also a major vulnerability and happen when too much data is input into a field.’
      • ‘You can create a collection of database fields that have unique values for each drawing in the set.’
      • ‘If you type some text in the input field below the chat window, your avatar acts as a voice-over.’
      • ‘Baidu even seems enormously proud of its simple, 4K home page with a single search field.’
    2. 2.2Linguistics Psychology A general area of meaning within which individual words make particular distinctions.
      ‘It is a matter of word fields and changes of meaning, but also about the creation of new words.’
      • ‘Those other words provide context and define the semantic fields being used.’
      • ‘This predictability concerns specifically psychological processes, which, by the author's definition, take place within a field of meaning.’
  • 3A space or range within which objects are visible from a particular viewpoint or through a piece of apparatus.

    ‘the stars drift through this telescope's field of view’
    • ‘Cassini is now close enough to Enceladus that the moon does not fit within the camera field of view.’
    • ‘Identification of the situs is often better made by MRI because of the wider field of view.’
    • ‘Integral has a large field of view, enabling it to scan our Milky Way galaxy for neutron stars and black hole activity.’
    • ‘Punching the power button brings up a LCD readout window in the lower third of the field of view.’
    • ‘From the corner of her eye she caught another flash of motion and then the couple rolled into her field of view.’
    • ‘A magnifying glass was added to read the scale, a telescopic sight was added with cross-wires to divide the field of view.’
    • ‘Adjust the scope back and forth until you're rewarded with a full field of view.’
    • ‘The mission is also a gamma-ray burst detector, and has been spotting one burst per month in its field of view.’
    • ‘When present, the length of longitudinal bundles lying along the edge of the DZ in the same field of view was also measured.’
    • ‘Because the fish will be waiting in ambush behind the top of the sand dune watching for baitfish or whatever to be washed into their field of view.’
    • ‘An internal spiral staircase connected the two, while around the top would have been a parapet providing a wide field of view.’
    • ‘A magnifying glass enlarges things at the cost of reducing the total field of view: so, one sees more of less.’
    • ‘The long cells exceeded the field of view at high magnification and were instead measured at 100x.’
    • ‘The field of view is wide enough to let you see the whole groove as well as the corners of the land.’
    • ‘From then on, Saturn and its rings are larger than the field of view of the narrow angle camera.’
    • ‘The field of view was moved and counts obtained for three separate adjacent areas of cytoplasm of equal size.’
    • ‘The sensors would cover 100-degree fields of view to ensure overlap of areas.’
    • ‘It's so long that you'll probably get the entire 20-car field in a single shot.’
    • ‘The two images are slightly different, but the observer's brain stitches them together into a single 3D image field.’
    • ‘During the update process, the shutter rotates into the image field to normalize the pixel offset.’
    scope, range, sweep, reach, extent, purview
    View synonyms
  • 4usually the fieldAll the participants in a contest or sport.

    ‘he destroyed the rest of the field with a devastating injection of speed’
    • ‘West got away, followed by one other rider, with the rest of the field contesting a very close and tactical bunch sprint in Ramsey town.’
    • ‘Craig was head and shoulders above the rest of the field beating his nearest rival by over a minute.’
    • ‘At 11, she won Hawaii's most prestigious women's event - beating the rest of the field by nine strokes.’
    • ‘By the time the rest of the field got underway Clay Regazzoni's Ferrari was already in second gear and had jumped into a clear lead from the fourth row of the grid.’
    • ‘The Manchester postwoman again proved to be a cut above the rest of the field in the JP Morgan Corporate Chase finals in New York.’
    • ‘Truex was miles ahead of Busch, the rookie of the year, but the two were time zones ahead of the rest of the field.’
    • ‘Tergat produced a brave run, racing through the last nine laps on his own after the rest of the field were unable to match his pace.’
    • ‘That can't be good news for the rest of the field, which not only has to contend with a tough course, but a tough player.’
    • ‘The duo finished, but almost two minutes behind the rest of the field.’
    • ‘Normally, the rest of the field are scared stiff of Radcliffe, last night she was the one with the fear factor.’
    • ‘The contest will narrow the field to 7 teams from a total of 15 for the finals on October 23.’
    • ‘On Monday the 16th, Don Ratcliffe with his sore thumb clobbered the rest of the field by three strokes.’
    • ‘This clearly is a safety risk to both the drivers in the lapped cars and the rest of the field.’
    • ‘In the West, everyone is waiting to see how much the gap between the Lakers and the rest of the field has narrowed.’
    • ‘But the gap between the big boys and the rest of the field is nowhere near as large as people may think.’
    • ‘But he pulled away from the rest of the field by following up with a sparkling 67 which contained five birdies.’
    • ‘The rest of the field fell away and are still waiting for the return of Kevin Mitch to give these guys some competition at the top.’
    • ‘Law led the 46 car field to the green flag.’
    • ‘This was an unusual year for the Oscars: No single film dominated the field and swept the board.’
    • ‘Playing off a 19 handicap, Bob came in with 39 points to beat the field by a single stroke.’
    competitors, entrants, competition, runners
    View synonyms
  • 5An area on a flag with a single background color.

    ‘fifty white stars on a blue field’
    • ‘The protesters were rounded up underneath the fluttering white cross and red field of Denmark's flag.’
    • ‘It was a flag bearing thirteen stars on a blue field with red and white bars.’
    • ‘The Czech flag consists of a lower red field and an upper white field with a blue wedge reaching from the flagpole side of the flag to its center.’
    • ‘The national flag consists of a square red field with a white equilateral cross at its center.’
    1. 5.1Heraldry The surface of an escutcheon or of one of its divisions.
      ‘In the coat of arms of Amsterdam, the field of the escutcheon (heraldic shield) is red.’
      • ‘The first field (top left corner) of the escutcheon shows the national arms.’
  • 6Physics
    The region in which a particular condition prevails, especially one in which a force or influence is effective regardless of the presence or absence of a material medium.

    ‘This approach describes how electrons are influenced by the fields produced by others in the Fermi sea.’
    • ‘They argue that quantum effects (such as intense radiation fields at the funnel) may close the Einstein-Rosen bridge.’
    • ‘In addition, possible polarization effects due to large external steady state electrical fields have been neglected.’
    • ‘An elementary particle in the presence of one of these relic fields would then experience interactions that have a preferred direction in space-time.’
    • ‘Consequently, Einstein and Infeld argue, the distinction between matter and fields is no longer a qualitative one in relativistic physics.’
    1. 6.1The force exerted or potentially exerted in a field.
      ‘the variation in the strength of the field’
      • ‘What is to protect us then from the pathological possibilities of strong gravitation fields?’
      • ‘Generating and detecting x rays in the strong fields used for magnetic resonance is difficult, but it can be done.’
      • ‘It agrees with the Newtonian theory for low speeds and weak gravitational fields, but differs from it at high speeds and strong fields.’
      • ‘Like a magnet, the crystal retains the polarization when the field is turned off.’
      • ‘Electrons prefer to avoid regions of strong and oscillating fields, so the wall alone would fling them out.’
  • 7Mathematics
    A system subject to two binary operations analogous to those for the multiplication and addition of real numbers, and having similar commutative and distributive laws.

    ‘One of Weil's major achievements was his proof of the Riemann hypothesis for the congruence zeta functions of algebraic function fields.’
    • ‘He became interested in Artin's early work which was on quadratic number fields, in particular the analytic and arithmetic theory.’
    • ‘His work allowed computations in groups to be replaced by computations in certain polynomial algebras over the field of p elements.’
    • ‘He studied the Riemann zeta function, and its extension to arbitrary number fields, discovering important results.’
    • ‘He also started work on elliptic curves and, with Baer, on topological fields.’



/fēld/ /fild/


  • 1Cricket Baseball
    no object Play as a fielder.

    ‘First, he took his eyes off the ball while fielding at short leg, and failed to notice that Sarwan had lobbed an attempted pull over his right shoulder.’
    • ‘He was a brilliant fielder preferring to field in the deep, where he took some outstanding catches, to close in fielding.’
    • ‘In spite of the soaking wet ball, Joiner also fielded well, as befitted one who, though it was never likely to be his berth in the senior game, was in his schooldays a 1st-XV full-back.’
    • ‘He fielded superbly, could score at close to a run-a-ball in one-dayers at will and whip boundaries through midwicket off balls others would leave outside offstump.’
    • ‘Athy Hockey Club was another beneficiary of Skurt's talents and he fielded for the Showgrounds based club on several occasions.’
    1. 1.1with object Catch or stop (the ball)
      ‘he fielded the ball cleanly, but threw it down the right-field line’
      • ‘First baseman Jack Clark fielded the ball and threw to pitcher Todd Worrell who was covering first.’
      • ‘Ruhle fielded the ball and threw to first for an apparent double play.’
      • ‘Orioles right fielder Ken Singleton fielded the ball off the wall and threw to his cutoff man Rich Dauer who in turn fired the ball home.’
      • ‘In my first at-bat, I hit one right back to the pitcher, Don Drysdale, who fielded the ball and threw me out.’
      • ‘Second baseman Bip Roberts fielded the ball but had no one to throw to, putting two Marlins on base.’
      • ‘Hernandez says he had much more time to get in front of ground balls when he played shortstop, but fielding the ball hasn't been a problem for him.’
      • ‘With two outs and a man on second, Jeffrey Hammonds singled to shallow leftfield, where Jeff Conine fielded the ball and fired home.’
      • ‘He often fields ground balls behind second base and makes the throw to first to put out batters.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, he doesn't have much range to his right, and he's horrible at fielding the ball backhanded.’
      • ‘But Barclay spoiled the fairytale as he recovered well fielding the ball.’
      • ‘Frustrated by neglect, Hagan fielded a loose ball in the centre and created a try for his fellow winger, the burly Kevin Wilson who added a further try in the final minute as York ran out of steam.’
      • ‘The big Scot fielded the ball, made to kick again but instead chose to run with the ball, slipped, and was tackled by All Black flanker Mike Brewer who was clearly ahead of the kicker.’
      • ‘Mike Westwood set the pattern of the game after only five minutes when the winger fielded a high ball to return it fully 60 yards into the Sandal 22.’
      • ‘Then, when Vaughan next fielded the ball, he fired it to Geraint Jones, close to Hayden's head.’
      • ‘Nevin, who fielded fly balls at Qualcomm Stadium this winter, said he's now more accepting of the club's decision to move him to the outfield.’
      • ‘He can sacrifice, forcing the first or third baseman to field the ball and make a play away from the lead runner.’
      • ‘He wants to be involved, either with the ball in hand with the enemy guarding the stumps or hurtling round the boundary to field the ball.’
      • ‘The outfielders take fly balls first, then we infielders field ground balls.’
      • ‘After fielding the ball, however, the pitcher threw it way over the first baseman into deep right field.’
      • ‘Foulke fielded the ball and threw to Graffanino at third base.’
      catch, stop, retrieve
      View synonyms
  • 2with object Send out (a team or individual) to play in a game.

    ‘a high school that traditionally fielded mediocre teams’
    • ‘Under new Olympic rules, only the top 16 nations are allowed to field teams at the games.’
    • ‘One is that he fielded a weakened team and then won the Challenge Cup final, so I'm sure he feels it was justified.’
    • ‘With nine men and five women this is the first time Great Britain has fielded a full team at a World Cup event.’
    • ‘Anyway, we should be able to field a team from the same league as your club and still beat Macedonia - not that we did last time.’
    • ‘Last time St Helens visited Odsal they enraged both Bradford fans and players alike by fielding a second-string team.’
    • ‘Both teams field line-ups composed mostly of youth players.’
    • ‘Zimba said he would not field a team at the Rhino Sevens because the tournament was only meant for clubs.’
    • ‘Buz McCall, who has fielded championship teams in sports car racing and is a former NASCAR owner, notes today's trend toward specialization.’
    • ‘With most of their first team on tour in Belgium, Yarnbury still managed to field a strong line-up.’
    • ‘Alou is viewed favorably for fielding competitive teams despite a severe payroll disadvantage, one that became more difficult in the past two seasons.’
    • ‘Then Indians were fielding a team dogged with injuries.’
    • ‘They'll win the pennant, again, because they're fielding the same team, plus Mike Mussina.’
    • ‘While he has never taken a team to the Super Bowl, he is adept at fielding a competitive team that minimizes mistakes.’
    • ‘He's been a national example not only in wins and losses but also fielding teams of fine young men.’
    • ‘Against Mexico, Arena played the aging Cobi Jones and Stewart while the Mexican manager fielded a team dominated by young players.’
    • ‘India has seldom fielded a women's team outside the country.’
    • ‘With a few African mixed teams being fielded, the relays lost much of the relevance in the overall context.’
    • ‘The fact that India fielded three teams underscored the growing depth of talent.’
    • ‘Despite all of the changes, the Bills still should be able to field a competitive team in 2000.’
    • ‘But manager Tom Kelly should be able to field a team with enough speed to manufacture runs.’
    put in the team, send out, play, put up
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1(of a political party) nominate (a candidate) to run in an election.
      ‘a radical political party that is beginning to field candidates in local elections’
      • ‘All three main political parties are also fielding candidates in these elections, as are the Greens.’
      • ‘The Socialist Equality Party is fielding candidates in the federal election to lay the basis for a mass political movement of the working class that will fight for this perspective.’
      • ‘ALL three major political parties have fielded candidates for the forthcoming by-election for the Ogbourne ward of Kennet District Council.’
      • ‘Unsurprisingly each main political party has fielded a candidate, including the present council leader being nominated by the Labour Party.’
      • ‘Among small parties fielding candidates in this election are some which are seeking to divide our society on racial and asylum issues.’
      • ‘At the same time, smaller parties that fielded no candidates for prime minister invested all their efforts in the Knesset elections.’
      • ‘The Liberal Party will field another nine candidates for functional constituencies.’
      • ‘The Green Party is fielding candidates in only 114 constituencies, but hopes to gain its first seat in the Commons this year.’
      • ‘Little Lever is the only ward in which the Green Party is fielding a candidate.’
      • ‘The party is fielding candidates in next month's local elections in seven Yorkshire wards including those at the centre of last summer's rioting in Bradford and Leeds.’
      • ‘In that event, I'd blame the entire Democratic Party for even fielding a candidate.’
      • ‘Pensioner parties are fielding candidates in the Scottish elections, so now we have someone to identify with.’
      • ‘The Progressive Democrats and the Green Party are each fielding a candidate in both and Kildare South also has an independent candidate.’
      • ‘The party will field candidates in all three Bolton seats at the general election.’
      • ‘The British National Party is fielding a record 14 candidates in the rock-solid Labour stronghold of Barnsley.’
      • ‘Several other fringe parties are fielding candidates on various councils.’
      • ‘For example, some parties are not fielding candidates for the presidency by way of protest, but they can give their members the green light to vote anyway.’
      • ‘Apart from the trio, the party will field nine candidates in the functional constituencies.’
      • ‘However, that has not happened, with only the three main parties fielding candidates.’
      • ‘The last time the party fielded a candidate here was in 1997.’
    2. 2.2Deploy (an army)
      ‘no one had the power to field an army of any consequence’
      • ‘Unfortunately, the Zulus did not resort to guerrilla warfare as previous opponents had done, but fielded an enormous army.’
      • ‘This was an organizational imperative made necessary by the ever larger armies fielded by continental military systems during the 19th century.’
      • ‘Each side fielded armies that were very similar in tactics, organization, and equipment, and both used African and Gallic auxiliary troops.’
      • ‘Yet neither of these sources deal with the wars of the late sixteenth century, by which time major combatants were fielding armies of many tens of thousands.’
      • ‘Rolling in wealth, the Church built great edifices and fielded its own armies and sank deeper and deeper into immorality, materialism, and decadence.’
      • ‘He fielded an army that was a match for the Greeks, but Porus' army had an additional advantage: war elephants.’
      • ‘In 1270, against the advice of counselors and family, Louis again fielded an army and headed east.’
      • ‘Both the Korean states fielded large armies who fought bravely.’
      • ‘The Soviet Union then fielded a huge army that had bested the Wehrmacht and was fully capable of gobbling up large chunks of Western Europe.’
      • ‘The Romans quickly fielded another army, for the heart of Roman strength was in central and southern Italy.’
      • ‘One day we will field this army, we will have the chance to show our power, but it will not be this day.’
      • ‘They even developed independent governments, raised their own taxes, fielded their own armies.’
      • ‘They were too busy fighting one another to field an effective army yet.’
      • ‘To date the Army has certified and fielded a total of seven Apache Longbow battalions.’
      • ‘I'm also skeptical that an ongoing draft is the only way to field a large army anyway.’
      • ‘Bruce also does an accurate job of reporting the political joustings among the Army generals for the new American Army soon to be fielded.’
      • ‘Also, the French people, a nation in arms, could field a far larger army then a similar sized state.’
      deploy, position, post, station, range, dispose
      View synonyms
  • 3with object Deal with (a difficult question, phone call, etc.)

    ‘she has fielded five calls from salespeople’
    • ‘The other day, fielding questions about her aversion for holding press conferences, she openly admitted to her feeling that media exercises may not yield the desired results.’
    • ‘He's fielding questions from young people around the world.’
    • ‘Mr. Curtis will not be fielding any questions after his remarks, and we kindly request that you respect the family's wishes.’
    • ‘Since they were mainly fielding questions from the audience, there was little room for interaction amongst the panel of seven hopeful MPs.’
    • ‘Trust me, it's not easy scooping up gift votives and stocking stuffers while fielding questions about your love life.’
    • ‘The wardens, after fielding our questions with what could only be called glee, were of course curious to discover our nationality.’
    • ‘She fielded questions from the inquisitive bunch and shared her life experiences during an interactive session, which, she said, she preferred.’
    • ‘Both agencies fielded some tough questions today about why they aren't sharing more information with each other.’
    • ‘Following the speech he fielded student questions posed from a microphone placed on the floor in front of the podium.’
    • ‘We were dressed in bizarre costumes and did a talk and then fielded questions.’
    • ‘He fields questions more routinely at other White House events.’
    • ‘He gives endless media briefings, fielding every question with dignity, and with as much straight-talking as you will ever hear from a politician.’
    • ‘They were fielding questions, as if to prove they had nothing to hide.’
    • ‘This is where the Beeb had a less obliging audience for fielding its questions.’
    • ‘He manfully fielded tough questions about precisely how brilliant his leadership was and the personal toll of improving the lives of every living creature in his kingdom.’
    • ‘There, she fielded their questions with all the skill and charm of a politician on the election trail, but with sincerity, too.’
    • ‘For ten days now I've fielded panicked phone calls and emails.’
    • ‘Many of the smart-growth complaints I've fielded have this same plaintive sound.’
    • ‘Canegrowers Isis chairman Joe Russo said he had been fielding calls all day from stunned and angered growers.’
    deal with, handle, cope with, answer, reply to, respond to, react to
    View synonyms



/fēld/ /fild/


  • 1Carried out or working in the natural environment, rather than in a laboratory or office.

    ‘field observations’
    • ‘Flight Lieutenant Prudence Buckton said it was great to be out of her office and in a field environment.’
    • ‘These studies can either be carried out in laboratory cultures or preferably in a field environment.’
    • ‘Many experiments in fields like social psychology are laboratory experiments rather than field experiments.’
    • ‘Twenty-one interviewers and four supervisors carried out the field interviews.’
    • ‘However, it was forced to carry out the field checks following the allegations.’
    • ‘This modelling approach was tested in eight independent field environments of different sowing dates in two growing seasons.’
    • ‘Both test these hypotheses with manipulations of natural populations in a field setting.’
    • ‘Robust estimates of uncertainty in field data can be carried forward to become explicit in published 3D models.’
    • ‘But now we have the laboratory and field evidence that shows it is definitely happening.’
    • ‘The duo will also be assisting the Ministry of Environment and Tourism with field training.’
    • ‘It is thus not a problem to establish a field laboratory for on-site sample preparation and flow analysis.’
    • ‘This development will permit explicit information on uncertainty to be carried forward from field data to the final product.’
    • ‘It seems there is a trade-off between controlled studies and natural field research.’
    • ‘These core findings are supported by over 400 laboratory and field studies.’
    • ‘This has been verified by comparing the results of laboratory and field machines on standard materials.’
    • ‘Two observations supported throughout the field research form a framework for much that follows.’
    • ‘The constants used were the mean values for H and J calculated from each set of field observations.’
    • ‘Members of all ages bring natural history objects to meetings, using them to discuss the wonders and puzzles of field observation.’
    • ‘To check whether visitors looked for nectar, a small piece of the corolla spur was cut in some flowers during the field observations.’
    • ‘The projects would contain field surveys, observations and experimentations.’
    practical, hands-on, applied, actual, active, experiential, empirical, in the field, non-theoretical
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of military equipment) light and mobile for use on campaign.
      ‘field artillery’
      • ‘The full bag is lightweight and fits into military field clothing pockets.’
      • ‘Light siege engines and field artillery bulked behind the infantry, crews crouched at their weapons.’
      • ‘Matrikon was chosen to develop the main application and Tridon to implement the hardware on the field equipment.’
      • ‘No one said anything about armored personnel carriers organic to the armored field artillery units.’
      • ‘Fielding continues to remaining field artillery units in the Army National Guard.’
      • ‘The field artillery could develop GPS munitions that could work in a similar fashion.’
      • ‘Therefore, the idea is to make the field artillery a one-round, one-kill combat arm.’
      • ‘The unit assembled at Fort Sill recently to test all aspects of their field artillery skills.’
      • ‘For a more detailed military example, consider the introduction of a mobile field gun.’
      • ‘In sum, field artillery systems were built for an organization developed decades earlier.’
      • ‘Al Qaeda tried to infiltrate one privatized military field kitchen, in Afghanistan.’
      • ‘We took the liberty of bringing medical supplies along with standard field kits for any operation.’
      • ‘A three-piece field artillery battery was involved for marking and night illumination tasks.’
      • ‘Sanders would eventually command a field artillery battalion activated at Camp Rucker.’
      • ‘Next year, when he chooses his branch, he'll be putting in for field artillery.’
      • ‘The field gun destroyed the building being used by Hollis as shelter.’
      mobile, portable, transportable, movable, manoeuvrable, light, lightweight
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Used in names of animals or plants found in the open country, rather than among buildings or as cultivated varieties.
      ‘field ant’
      • ‘The fire crackled, breaking the silent slumber of the field animals who had settled down in their dens.’
      • ‘My former ant loving celly, Penguin, would be in seventh heaven if left to his own devices with the field ants.’
      • ‘The Field Mouse is a small rodent, found in long rolling plains or alternately old houses and any place in between.’
    3. 1.3Denoting a game played outdoors on a marked field.
      ‘The game, the fastest and most skilful field game on the planet, requires such devotion.’
      • ‘The NLL uses the Canadian box game with certain variations taken from field lacrosse.’
      • ‘Both sides get to play a number of increasingly stupid field games until a winner is decided.’
      • ‘Jack Lynch, who knew a thing or two about hurling, once said it was the greatest field game in the world.’
      • ‘That was all he had to say on his own preferred field game, however.’
      • ‘His view was that they were catering for two major field games and that each deserved separate consideration.’
      • ‘But when it comes to the greatest field game in the world, the Meath lads don't pass much heed.’
      • ‘We have two great field games and we should never let them become wars of attrition.’
      • ‘It does not happen in other field games where they simply perform their primary duty and that is to enforce the rules.’
      • ‘Even in the fastest field game in the world, you get a second every now and again.’
      • ‘New people to the area or indeed anyone with an interest in promoting the fastest most skilled field game in the world are welcome to attend.’
      • ‘The field athletics will take place on the pitch on Saturday, May 7 at 2.30 pm sharp.’



/fēld/ /fild/


    in the field
    • 1On campaign; (while) engaged in combat or maneuvers.

      ‘troops in the field’
      • ‘These compelling books illuminate combat at the eyeball level of troops in the field.’
      • ‘Hence it came to mean a temporary encampment of troops in the field without tents and using only locally available shelter.’
      • ‘This and later increases in size were initiated more by military leaders in the field than by central authorities.’
      • ‘I can recall the case of one guardsman in my company who was one of the few who had been promoted in the field during the Falklands campaign.’
      • ‘For example, most of the weapons supplied were no longer in use by armies in the field.’
      • ‘They were ends in that forces were raised, maintained, and deployed in the field in order to fight them.’
      • ‘The cost of maintaining such huge armies in the field would be prohibitive.’
      • ‘Nor do I question the unbelievable sacrifice and honor of our troops in the field.’
      • ‘And just against the troops in the field, or against other countries in his range?’
      • ‘The troops in the field would string us up if we didn't at least give a double thumbs down to some of the meals.’
      1. 1.1Away from the laboratory or studio; engaged in practical work in a natural environment.
        ‘like other vulcanologists, Wright works in the field with active and even erupting volcanoes’
        • ‘Lubricant effectiveness is assessed by bench scale and full scale testing in the laboratory and in the field.’
        • ‘It is not even the live organism held in the hand, caged in the laboratory, or seen in the field.’
        • ‘Dr. Drysdale has made the same observations, both in the field and in his laboratory.’
        • ‘It simply means that it was not tested for resistance in a laboratory or in the field.’
        • ‘Pictures can be saved and analysed either in the field or in the laboratory.’
        • ‘The root mat was examined in the field and in the laboratory in terms of soil micromorphology.’
        • ‘Other shear zones further north can be inferred from maps of Moine, but were not investigated in the field.’
        • ‘Extensive analysis software will be available in the field on handheld devices.’
        • ‘Duplicate water samples were collected in the field, one of which was acidified on site.’
        • ‘The ranges of species which do not co-occur in the field can then be compared directly.’
        practical, hands-on, applied, actual, active, experiential, empirical, in the field, non-theoretical
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2(of an employee) away from the home office; working while traveling.
        ‘he was a salesman in the field’
        • ‘At work, be it in the field or at the office, the same universal law applies.’
        • ‘One of Ray Lane's practices at Oracle was to spend his time in the field actually selling.’
    keep the field
    • Continue a military campaign.

      ‘The Armies of National Defence, which kept the field after the defeat of the imperial armies, pointed the way ahead.’
      • ‘The insurgents, under able leaders, were able to keep the field, in spite of the extremely energetic and even cruel measures that were adopted to crush them.’
    lead the field
    • 1Be the leader in a race.

      ‘Tour leader Pierre Brambilla looked set for victory as he led the field on the morning of the last day.’
      • ‘She didn't disappoint the capacity crowd at the Sydney aquatic centre as she led the field for the entire race to win in a time of 1.58.24.’
      • ‘First out of the blocks in the Tory leadership race, he leads the field.’
      • ‘Rossi and Gibernau dominated the race, leading the field by five seconds with six laps remaining, with Alex Barros their only challenger until he crashed.’
      • ‘Together they led the field throughout the race and watched the struggle go on for the second and final qualifying spot.’
      • ‘Borja, who achieved both pole positions during the Saturday qualifying sessions, had a good start to the race, leading the field into the first corner.’
      • ‘The Republic of Ireland international led the field from start to finish but admitted after her victory: ‘It all went by so quickly that I didn't really take it all in.’’
      • ‘Having suffered from weeks of viral infection, Laura led the field from the start for the gold medal in the fine indoor time of 2mins.22. 56s.’
      • ‘However, during that span, six winners have led the field in percent of greens hit in regulation.’
      • ‘At the end of the first phase of the tournament - consisting 11 rounds - East Bengal lead the field with 24 points while Dempo stood next tallying 21 points.’
      1. 1.1Be the best or most popular.
        ‘in the executive car group, this model leads the field’
        • ‘But boys were in front on maths, leading the field in most countries.’
        • ‘On the sports front the Weekender continues to lead the field in local coverage, particularly in recent years with Liam Maloney in the sports editor's chair.’
        • ‘In terms of individual models, Toyota's Tazz and Corolla once again lead the field with 2236 and 1406 sales respectively.’
        • ‘Both Mary and Antonia had nothing but praise for their agency, which has led the field in addressing this issue, and neither had felt any discrimination or disadvantage during their career because of their gender.’
        • ‘To date, the Chernobyl Children's Project has led the field, not only in supplying humanitarian and medical aid, but also in the renovation and construction of buildings.’
        • ‘The company has led the field to such an extent, and has produced so much good work over the last decade that has not been rewarded with Oscars, that I thought it a little sad that the first award went to the upstarts.’
        • ‘The city has led the field with the establishment of the Leeds Cluster Court project which channels cases of domestic violence against women into one dedicated magistrates' court on one day each week.’
        • ‘Volvos are among the safest cars on the road and over the years have led the field in the innovation of life-saving devices for anyone travelling inside the car, and exterior protection for pedestrians.’
        • ‘Upmc is considered the premier liver transplant center in the nation, where surgeons have led the field for the last quarter-century.’
        • ‘Teagasc potato breeders at Oak Park Carlow have led the field internationally during the past two decades.’
    play the field
    • Indulge in a series of sexual relationships without committing oneself to anyone.

      • ‘And so she breaks up with me because (I think) she still wants the freedom of being able to play the field.’
      • ‘By today's standards, you married young, so there's a chance you don't feel you played the field long enough.’
      • ‘She plays the field, she figures out where she's at, she knows her status and she says ‘I'm capable of getting this guy’.’
      • ‘I wanted to call her and set up a date Saturday night, but after playing the field for so many years I knew that it would seem a little eager so I told myself to wait until Monday afternoon.’
      • ‘I was too busy with school for a bigger commitment and he was interested in playing the field (although without any apparent success).’
      • ‘Cool secretly plans to marry Irene when he's finished playing the field, but Irene has plans of her own in a twist that will leave readers jumping.’
      • ‘Relationships expert Dr Raj Persaud admits the findings go against the received view of commitment-shy blokes who like nothing more than playing the field.’
      • ‘He has been playing the field since his 1993 divorce from Susan Brown, a Yorkshirewoman to whom he was married for 19 years.’
      • ‘This unequal parental investment leaves males free to spend more of their energies playing the field, mating wise.’
      • ‘So I'd known a lot of girls, she'd known a lot of guys, and I think we were kind of fed up with playing the field by the time we got together.’
    take the field
    • 1(of a sports team) go on to a field to begin a game.

      ‘Being forced to watch from the stands as his team took the field in the biggest game of their season was cruel and utterly unfair, the genial Padjoe admitted in the aftermath of one of his greatest triumphs.’
      • ‘Bester was just one of the heroes in a Bulldog team which took the field minus star fullback Tiger Mangweni who was a late withdrawal with a pulled hamstring.’
      • ‘The tournament, which is held every year with four teams taking the field in a round-robin basis, this year only saw Pingwe and Muslim from Malawi and Metropolitan and Mfuwe of Zambia participating.’
      • ‘When the Jets take the field for their fifth game of the season on Sunday, they will have their third different starting quarterback.’
      • ‘When the two teams take the field in the opening match of the 2000 World Cup, the result may well set up the standard for the final stage of the tournament.’
      • ‘However, coach Graham Morgan was more than satisfied with the team that took the field, even though substitute strength was in reality limited to Danny Royston, also carrying a back problem.’
      • ‘But when we took the field together in this game for the last time as a team, we came together and showed what we can really do.’
      • ‘When you take the field for the opening game, the finality of the coming games dawns on you in a very powerful way.’
      • ‘But the baseball fans of Washington received their joyful, long-awaited wake-up call this week when the newest mutation of the team took the field in Florida.’
      • ‘Moreover, the Red Sox pitchers managed to do this despite the fact that the team took the field under the apparent instruction of Doctors Howard, Fine, and Howard.’
      1. 1.1Baseball Begin one's turn on defense in an inning.
        ‘As the Nebraska defense takes the field, AC/DC's ‘Back in Black’ blares over the Memorial Stadium PA.’
        • ‘The defense that takes the field in the season opener will be far removed from the one that started last year's playoff loss.’
        • ‘‘I was hoping for a little more than that,’ Rock laughed as he watched the Red Sox defensive players take the field.’
        • ‘The Australian tweaked a hamstring during his innings and did not take the field as a precautionary measure but he is confident of being fit for tomorrow's Championship clash with Somerset at Headingley.’
        • ‘The perpetually sunny Sanders stood at his locker after the game and fielded as many questions as any player who actually took the field in Game 3.’
        • ‘That's how often the team's most-used lineup took the field in the first 132 games.’
        • ‘On 15 April 1947, with the support of team president Branch Rickey, Jackie Robinson took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers, scored the winning run and irrevocably changed sports in America.’
        • ‘If there's one thing you can say above all else in Europe, it's that you have to be at the top of your game every time you take the field.’
        • ‘Every coach will tell you that he goes out to win every game and give his team its best chance at victory every time it takes the field.’
        • ‘Knoblauch is a $6 million fallen All-Star, a wizened veteran chipping in as a designated hitter and hoping not to hurt the team should he take the field.’
      2. 1.2Start a military campaign.
        ‘A true infantry soldier wants nothing more than to take the field and engage the enemy.’
        • ‘He was virtual ruler of the Empire, but also personally took the field in the Turkish campaign against the Russians in the Caucasus.’
        • ‘This new army then took the field in 1717 against Norway, where Charles was shot in the head and killed at the siege of Frederiksten.’
        • ‘By the time Crook's army took the field that winter, the ranks of the military had swelled with ‘Custer Avengers.’’
        • ‘A battalion or company commander who takes the field knowing he has the support of artillery gains confidence from the knowledge that he is fighting with an advantage.’
        • ‘The well equipped frontline regiments of the Russian army that took the field in 1914, carried a variety of different rifles.’
        • ‘We know that George S. Patton, the most pugnacious and perhaps the most famous American general officer who actually took the field in World War II, carried two handguns as his trademark.’
        • ‘The new officers brought new reforms into the army and began to turn it into the fighting force that would take the field in World War I, a much different force than had fought at Waterloo.’
        • ‘This newly equipped force was to take the field between October 1944 and January 1945, but that proved too optimistic.’
        • ‘Washington's Continentals always had to be reinforced by summertime recruits or militiamen before they could take the field.’


Old English feld (also denoting a large tract of open country; compare with veld), of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch veld and German Feld.