nounplural noun filariae/-ˈle(ə)rēˌē/ /-ēˌī/
A threadlike parasitic nematode worm that is transmitted by biting flies and mosquitoes, causing filariasis and related diseases.
Superfamily Filarioidea, class Phasmida‘ARS researchers are using new biological controls to retaliate against the mosquito, an insect that can transmit viruses, protozoan parasites, and filariae (small worms).’
- ‘Manson commented, ‘It is marvelous how Nature has adapted the habits of the filariae to those of the mosquito.’’
- ‘It was the younger Thomas Bancroft who proved in 1899 that filariae that actively developed in the mosquito were transferred to humans by the act of feeding on blood.’
- ‘The adult filariae lodge in the lymphatic system causing debilitating lymphoedema.’
- ‘The Government campaign to eradicate filaria through the mass drug administration programme is good and in the interest of community health.’
Mid 19th century from modern Latin Filaria (former genus name), from Latin filum ‘thread’.