Definition of finish in English:

finish

Pronunciation /ˈfiniSH/ /ˈfɪnɪʃ/

See synonyms for finish

Translate finish into Spanish

transitive verb

[with object]
  • 1Bring (a task or activity) to an end; complete.

    ‘they were straining to finish the job’
    • ‘we finished eating our meal’
    • ‘the musician finished to thunderous applause’
    • ‘Co-ordination work has started and a task force will finish a feasibility study for the whole project by the end of this year.’
    • ‘After she had finished the required tasks she got right down to work on getting to know the dogs.’
    • ‘He added: ‘I definitely want to be a professional musician once I finish my studies.’’
    • ‘You can do the same following our step-by-step painting template, or finish the project as you see fit.’
    • ‘Reluctantly, she finishes her homework and eats a quiet dinner with her family.’
    • ‘Dr. Rothery visibly relaxed and went to finish the task she had started before the interruption, bringing my water over to me.’
    • ‘I did a Masters straight after my BA as I was couldn't decide between finding a job and trying to finish my studies.’
    • ‘I haven't managed to finish this week's task as it was quite involved so I've decided to carry it over until next week.’
    • ‘His proof was so complex that referees spent 6 years checking the results, without completely finishing the task.’
    • ‘He said that he would quit his post after he finishes his assigned task of reforming party policies, but that he would remain a party member.’
    • ‘Most Airmen know they're important to their mission and they must finish their tasks.’
    • ‘After finishing his task, he was invited to work at the Bureau, but he declined.’
    • ‘The carpenter would respond, and eventually a painter would get to the job site to finish the work.’
    • ‘When in a hurry, workers devote mental resources to quickly finishing a task, rather than generating new ideas.’
    • ‘OK, by now you should have finished the colouring task I set earlier.’
    • ‘When she finished this task, she placed the basket securely on the dresser to await the arrival of Johnny's van.’
    • ‘I could have finished the task a couple of weeks ago, but, for some reason, I decided to prolong the agony and leave it hanging.’
    • ‘Also, Cleric wants Jim to follow him to Harvard, where he has accepted a job offer, and finish his education there.’
    • ‘That sort of interaction gave me fuel to finish my task.’
    • ‘He was highly regarded and known as a hard-working, diligent member of the team who could be trusted to finish any task with characteristic good humour.’
    completed, concluded, consummated, finalized, terminated, over and done with, over, in the past, at an end
    complete, end, conclude, close, bring to a conclusion, bring to an end, bring to a close, consummate, finalize, bring to fruition
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Consume or get through the final amount or portion of (something, especially food or drink)
      ‘finish your fajita while it's still hot’
      • ‘After the meat was finished off, both Silhi and I laid on our backs and looked up at the sky.’
      • ‘He was sad to read in the newspapers about a retired high school teacher having to hop from table to table in a food outlet to finish the leftovers on the plates.’
      • ‘We discovered that we all had a horror of wasting food, and would finish a dish rather than throw it in the bin.’
      • ‘The little sister has somehow finished her drink and disposed of the glass.’
      • ‘By early evening we will have finished our food, and will have had several drinks.’
      • ‘He waited patiently for Ambrose to finish his drink, then took the canteen from the man's outstretched hand.’
      • ‘I came back in and finished my drink and looking back I can't recall that it tasted any different.’
      • ‘He sat with the sick man until late in the evening, and then finished the food himself.’
      • ‘Mark finished his drink, and spun the glass round and round on the table in front of him.’
      • ‘At one, there was a load of polystyrene boxes outside with the remains of takeaway meals, dumped by people who couldn't be bothered to finish their food.’
      consume, eat, devour, drink, finish off, polish off, gulp, gulp down, guzzle, quaff
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2no object (of an activity) come to an end.
      ‘the war has finished but nothing has changed’
      • ‘Not only was his season finished, but the future of his playing days was in serious jeopardy.’
      • ‘One of them had spent hours working with Sherry in Australia each day after training had finished.’
      • ‘Did I mention that I have jury duty coming up straight after the summer semester finishes?’
      • ‘I didn't think about it over the weekend (once my work day finishes, so does my thoughts and worries about work), but it's been on my mind today.’
      • ‘She will then pack up when the holiday season finishes at the end of the summer, and head back to Bali to buy next year's stock.’
      • ‘Nine months of work has finished on upgrading one of the main gates at Portsmouth Naval Base, which has now re-opened for traffic.’
      • ‘These months, between one academic year finishing and the next one starting, are pretty frenetic - dealing simultaneously with year end and all the prep for what's about to start.’
      • ‘Builders are hoping to have the work finished in time for St. Patrick's Day.’
      • ‘Work finished at the factory in the summer, and the firm relocated.’
      • ‘The day will finish off with evening dinner and entertainment in the Arklow Bay Hotel.’
      • ‘Not that I plan to do anything more than watch it grow until the summer finishes and autumn is well under way.’
      • ‘He said some enterprises never even lock their doors after the work day finishes.’
      • ‘Due to the pace of the construction, some projects are finishing ahead of schedule.’
      • ‘Just think about the fact that a sitting of the chamber finishes after 5pm, but the full verbatim report is published by 8.30 the next morning.’
      • ‘It is understood the tower crane at the centre of Tuesday night's drama will be decommissioned when crane work finishes within the next two weeks.’
      • ‘She added that although the water clears when building work finishes, it was happening more and more because of the amount of property renovation in the village.’
      • ‘They hope vital witnesses may come forward before term finishes on Friday.’
      end, come to an end, stop, conclude, come to a close, come to a conclusion, come to a end, cease, terminate
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Reach the end of a race or other sporting competition, typically in a particular position.
      with complement ‘she finished third in the 3-meter springboard diving’
      • ‘Four weeks later he made his competitive debut, finishing 32nd in a race in Austria.’
      • ‘Isaac McCann consolidated his overall third place in the under-13 race finishing in third place in 10.25 sec.’
      • ‘Emmett ran a good race to finish in fifth place with a ‘Personal Best’ of 4 minutes 2 seconds.’
      • ‘Zedrovski raced competitively to finish in second place, a length and three quarters back.’
      • ‘If we were to finish fifth every race, I think we could win the championship.’
      • ‘The six-year-old, no stranger to success on this course, ran a fine race to finish third here on Monday.’
      • ‘He has finished all but one race, and he has four top-five finishes.’
      • ‘He won just one Chase race but still finished ahead of Jimmie Johnson, who won four times during the Chase.’
      • ‘Despite this handicap, he finished in a fine fifth place and learnt a lot about his new team and car.’
      • ‘It is the first top 10 finish by a woman competitor at the Race to the Sky.’
      • ‘At Daytona, Mears showed a veteran's patience and wound up finishing a career-best second.’
      • ‘All four were members of China's 2003 world championships team which finished fourth.’
  • 2Complete the manufacture or decoration of (a material, object, or place) by giving it an attractive surface appearance.

    ‘the interior was finished with V-jointed American oak’
    • ‘The fuselage appears to be painted in olive green while the flying surface appears to be finished in silver.’
    • ‘Drywall can be difficult for a novice to finish to a smooth surface.’
    • ‘Take the same care in cleaning and preparing a surface to be stained as you would in finishing it.’
    • ‘Teak takes on a beautifully polished appearance when finished because it contains natural oils.’
    • ‘The homeowner used a sage green stain to finish her garden wall.’
    • ‘All in all the rifle looked good and was finished in an attractive black satin finish.’
    • ‘Only after many hours of finishing the surface, was the leather ready to be used.’
    varnish, lacquer, veneer, coat, stain, wax, shellac, enamel, put a finish on, glaze, give a shine to, gloss, polish, burnish, smooth off
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Complete the fattening of (livestock) before slaughter.
      ‘over 100,000 head of cattle are finished every year’
      • ‘After each grazing phase was completed, cattle were finished in a western Oklahoma feedlot.’
      • ‘He finishes the cattle at the feedlot that he manages.’
      • ‘Thus, smaller-scaled feedlots are a more suitable option for finishing Kentucky cattle.’
      • ‘Increased grain costs or decreased cattle prices have usually been the factors for renewed interest in finishing cattle on forage diets.’
      • ‘The competition is open to suckler farmers whether finishing cattle or selling weanlings or stores.’
      • ‘Fattening cattle should be finished quickly once they are housed.’
      • ‘For example, farmers finishing cattle over the winter will need a level of advance guarantee on spring beef prices.’
      • ‘By not finishing animals in a feedlot, there are no feedlot-related illnesses, and so there's less need for medications.’
      • ‘He sells heifers as yearlings, finishes the bullocks and also has 20 ewes.’
      • ‘Forage systems ended either September 1 or November 23, at which time the cattle were placed in the feedlot for finishing.’
      • ‘Otherwise there will be nobody to buy cattle from primary producers who are not in a position to finish their cattle to beef.’
  • 3dated Prepare (a girl) for entry into fashionable society.

    • ‘where were you finished?’

noun

  • 1usually in singular An end or final part or stage of something.

    ‘a bowl of raspberries was the perfect finish to the meal’
    • ‘I really enjoyed the film from start to finish’
    • ‘As the game moved on to day three the stage was set for a close finish on the final day.’
    • ‘The whole thing was misconceived from start to finish - if it has a finish.’
    • ‘That is what they will be doing now, and they will be doing so from start to finish - with the finish being the most critical and difficult element in the media mix.’
    • ‘This was not to be as a broken rear arm on the second stage meant an early finish for the Carnforth team.’
    • ‘Against the Olympic champion, France's Laure Manaudou, in tonight's 400m free final, such a finish will be essential.’
    • ‘It remains whether he has the ability to match him at the stage finish in what is his first Tour.’
    • ‘The particularly tough climb of Alpe d' Huez is a favourite, providing a stage finish in most Tours.’
    • ‘These soft, refreshing winter fruits, with their complex texture and flavour, make the perfect finish to a meal.’
    • ‘The stage is set for the closest finish in the history of the World Rally Championship.’
    • ‘The match was poised for a close finish, when it ended abruptly.’
    • ‘A perfect finish to the night: flamenco dancing by a thrilling young dancer and music in a small club.’
    • ‘For a perfect finish, the snout of the hunter should stab down between his forepaws just as they hit the ground.’
    • ‘A few hours in Liffey Valley Shopping Centre and a film will put a perfect finish to the day.’
    • ‘The Russian campaign will have you on your toes from start to finish - and what a finish it is!’
    • ‘The support we received from start to finish was overwhelming.’
    • ‘By the finish of the race, some exposed sections were drying out, but the interior trails were still pretty thick.’
    end, ending, completion, conclusion, close, closing, cessation, finalization, termination
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A point or place at which a race or competition ends.
      ‘he surged into a winning lead 200 meters from the finish’
      • ‘Late Monday evening news travelled through that the race finish had been moved, as most ships had not passed the second waypoint!’
      • ‘In 2003 he approached the finish of the race with it all sewn up at odds of 4/11 but came down.’
      • ‘The rest of us observe the endurance of the human spirit from the sidelines as they race towards the finish.’
      • ‘Anyway, I'm happy because we reached the finish of a race where so many things have happened.’
      • ‘Just outside Buckingham Palace, probably a hundred metres from the finish, I saw an old fella being led away by the St John's Army.’
      • ‘Verbrugghe broke away on the stage's final climb 18 km from the finish and raced home alone.’
      • ‘This was the case as they turned the final bend into the finish.’
      finishing line, finishing post, tape, end point
      View synonyms
  • 2The manner in which the manufacture of an article is completed in detail.

    ‘wide variation in specification and finish’
    • ‘It exhibits the same meticulous detail and refined finish, only varying in the addition of a lapis lazuli stand and in some minor heraldic details.’
    • ‘Clearly a labour of love with its attention to detail and cosy finish, it is a perfect lovers' retreat.’
    • ‘This stand was second only to that of Ibrox in terms of its architectural finish and detail.’
    • ‘I don't really mind this, and rather like the distinctly metallic looking finish and dark, dark blue colouring.’
    • ‘The fascia and interior plastics benefit from a much higher quality finish featuring scratch-resistant textures.’
    • ‘The colour has also changed, adding an optional metallic finish and a dark purple as the primary colour.’
    • ‘The detail and perfect finish make every piece an object of wonder.’
    • ‘Wacky overprints, a dull gold finish, colourful rhinestones and lots of feather and fur completed the look.’
    • ‘Fraser even holds out the possibility of adding a metallic soft-touch finish to a specific area on a larger part, like a door panel.’
    • ‘The finishing touch came with the specification of a semi metallic mid grey paint finish, covering sheet steel doors.’
    • ‘It's got a metallic, dark blue finish and a polished aluminum triangular logo on the front.’
    • ‘Given its high specification finish, it may also appeal to an investor seeking to rent to corporate clients.’
    • ‘‘This is a very high quality office block in terms of specification and finish,’ suggests Doolan.’
    • ‘The refined finish of the scenes embossed and chased in the minutest detail shows off the skill of the silversmiths involved.’
    • ‘Cut refers to the proportions, symmetry and finish of the diamond.’
    • ‘And, in a house like this, quality of finish is all-important.’
    • ‘You can specify matt finish in the ‘additional information’ box that is at the bottom of the order details page.’
    • ‘Look at one of their projects and ask yourself whether you would be happy with the quality of finish - paintwork is a good indicator.’
    • ‘If the designers gave the vehicle a strong look on the outside, they went for top quality finish and lots of space inside.’
    1. 2.1The surface appearance of a manufactured material or object, or the material used to produce this.
      ‘lightweight nylon with a shiny finish’
      • ‘In a traditional barn, you won't find finishes like drywall or gypsum board.’
      • ‘The kitchen is a light, airy space that achieves a sophisticated country look through its combination of materials and finishes.’
      • ‘Gloss finishes are shiny and scrubbable, so they are perfect for doors, trim and specialty uses.’
      • ‘She also chooses finishes and materials that change over time.’
      • ‘Rods and other accessories are available in unlimited finishes from paint surfaces to antique patina.’
      • ‘Natural finishes provide warmth and texture in the kitchen too.’
      • ‘Surface finishes provide a tough, clear coating over stained or sealed wood.’
      • ‘Do you prefer glazed, painted or laminated finishes?’
      • ‘Rustic country decorating includes the use of natural woods, aged surfaces, rough finishes and simple lines.’
      • ‘New doors are manufactured in powder-coated finishes, with rounded curves in all different colors.’
      • ‘However, when surface finishes must be renewed, it is usually necessary to refinish the entire room.’
      • ‘As well as offering excellent workmanship and using top quality materials and finishes, Custom Kitchens take a fresh and innovative approach to kitchen design.’
      • ‘This sealer serves well for a base coat for other finishes.’
      • ‘Frames come in a choice of finishes, from polished aluminium to brushed nickel or satin chrome.’
      • ‘Some newer blinds are coated with reflective finishes.’
      • ‘Eventually all finishes will lose some of their shine as the finish coating wears.’
      • ‘Concrete surfaces come in three basic finishes and many colors.’
      • ‘We have found time and time again that, when done right, earthen plasters and finishes are far superior to concrete and synthetic stuccos in many ways.’
      • ‘Keep in mind that the color may come from different finishes: paint, plaster, tile, or wallpaper.’
      • ‘There are basically two types of floor finishes: one is oil-based and the other is water-based polyurethane.’
      veneer, lacquer, lamination, coating, covering, coat
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2The final taste impression of a wine or beer.
      ‘the wine has a lemony tang on the finish’
      • ‘The mouth-watering finish is more Sauvignon blanc than Chardonnay in style.’
      • ‘The palate is an opulent offering of warm and delectable flavors that last long into the impressive finish.’
      • ‘This smashing red will not hang around for long either, so if you fancy a gamey, rustic, plummy wine with a seductive, spicy, perfumed finish, move fast.’
      • ‘The finish of the beer is fruity (both from berries and hops), dry, bitter and with a delicious creamy malt note.’
      • ‘The smell is of a fine cognac, the taste is of a fine wine and the finish is elegantly long, refined and smooth.’
      • ‘It still has a slightly firm finish but this wine scored well with high awards by all tasters.’
      • ‘The lingering finish allows you to linger over the flavors of the brandy and natural vanilla.’
      • ‘It's a big, bold, toasty style with a lot of power and a lovely dry finish.’
      • ‘It's a big wine, almost in a Bollinger style, with lots of yeasty flavours and a big, bold finish.’
      • ‘Frankly, this ripe, spicy, cassis and berry-fruit red with a fine gamey finish is one of the best on the block, so tuck in.’
      • ‘This joyous, soft, ripe, buttery Chardonnay with a pleasingly ripe nutty finish is a bargain at this price.’
      • ‘Earthy, spicy notes give way to a crunchy palate of light berry fruit with a final rustic finish of mulberry jam.’
      • ‘It is slightly sweet and rich but has a crisp clean acid finish.’
      • ‘Its palate features an array of tantalizing flavors that last long into the cool and crisp finish.’
      • ‘The result is a ripe, juicy, all-purpose Chardonnay with a fine, buttery finish.’
      • ‘A moderately smooth drink but with a strange, medicinal finish. -’

Phrases

    to the finish
    • Until the complete defeat of one of the parties involved.

      • ‘Linfield clinched their first championship in a thrilling fight to the finish’

Phrasal Verbs

    finish off
    • 1finish something off, finish off somethingCompletely consume something, especially food or drink.

      • ‘Jerry finished off a margarita’
    • 2finish someone or something off, finish off someone or somethingKill, destroy, or comprehensively defeat someone or something.

      ‘Like a young Ali, he enjoyed taunting his opponents and destroying their will before finishing them off.’
      • ‘Did he actually think I was going to be willing to let him kill Mike and finish me off before the night was over?’
      • ‘The first two shots weren't enough to kill him so the bullet in the head was to finish him off.’
      • ‘After the Sox had finished them off in 3 games, I attributed my calmness to ‘knowing deep down all along’ that they were going to win.’
      • ‘They tripped over that table over there and finally the second guy came in and finished Danny off.’
      • ‘But having wounded him, the media apparently has decided it hasn't quite finished him off.’
      • ‘The point is gradually to isolate the family, weaken them, and then finish them off.’
      • ‘When his friend advises him to finish Nino off as well since she has dishonored herself, he magnanimously refuses.’
      • ‘I was thinking I better make my peace with the big man upstairs, because any second now, they're probably just going to finish me off.’
      • ‘An order is then given to the machinegunner to finish him off (the commentator adds that this is an obvious breach of the Geneva Convention).’
      • ‘And so he's laying there unconscious, and this guy is about to finish him off when Pete jumped him from behind and tied him up.’
      • ‘Christopher waits at the cop's home, pops him on the head, then waits for the guy to come to so he can finish him off.’
      • ‘We can use that Air Force and Naval air and really go in and finish him off, if that's the way he wants it to end.’
      • ‘He worried that, any day, his wife would figure it out and finish him off by leaving him.’
      • ‘Well, Cináed didn't kill Anaïs, but he nearly did- Ãde just finished her off.’
    finish up
    • 1finish something up, finish up somethingComplete an action or process.

      ‘he hadn't finished up the paperwork on it’
      • ‘Just as I was finishing up, two men came in, apparently thinking they were alone.’
      • ‘I spent some free time tonight finishing up my own project, the monthly family movie.’
      • ‘What do a bunch of tired singers do after finishing up a two-day recording session?’
      • ‘I am finishing up this rally and heading on to another, which is being held by some guy with a shirt.’
      • ‘I was finishing up a diversity call while monitoring the phones at the office today.’
      • ‘Friday night was spent finishing up the artwork for the vinyl version of the album.’
      • ‘Just as we finished up, Andy caught up with us, and we headed out for costume shopping.’
      • ‘I was hanging out in my buddy's office today waiting to talk to him as he finished up a phone call.’
      • ‘So after a couple of false starts we finished up and now I had to wait another week.’
      • ‘I was going to finish up the taxes tonight, so I thought I'd swing by and get the form.’
    • 2British End a period of time or course of action by doing something or being in a particular position.

      ‘Tony started out running the back elevator and finished up as bell captain’
      • ‘They talked about the glacial movement of the peace process and the interviewer finished up by asking what he was cooking for dinner.’
      • ‘It was fun racing, it was really nice finishing up with this competition but I wanted to win the Tour.’
    finish with
    • 1finish with somethingHave no more need for or nothing more to do with something.

      ‘they give me the newspaper when they've finished with it’
      • ‘I was finished with my book’
      1. 1.1finish with someoneinformal End an emotional relationship with someone.
        • ‘“I'm finished with Tom,” Gloria said’

Origin

Middle English from Old French feniss-, lengthened stem of fenir, from Latin finire, from finis ‘end’.