Definition of forerunner in English:


Pronunciation /ˈfôrˌrənər/ /ˈfɔrˌrənər/

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  • 1A person or thing that precedes the coming or development of someone or something else.

    ‘the icebox was a forerunner of today's refrigerator’
    • ‘The suburb is more of an ad hoc social development, a forerunner of the gated community, built around the principle of exclusion.’
    • ‘Mr Freeman said some people were opposed to anything they saw as a forerunner of development.’
    • ‘Should we pity a team that was one of the forerunners in the development of the slowdown, hard-nosed, tough-defending style that bored a generation?’
    • ‘And V-weapons were the forerunners of many later developments in weapons and space technology.’
    • ‘This situation has almost been reached in Denmark, and the trend may be a forerunner of a development that has begun or will begin in other European countries.’
    • ‘Paralyzing the muscles required that the anaesthetist take over the ventilation of the patient's lungs, and this resulted in the development of automatic ventilators, the forerunners of today's life support machines.’
    • ‘Along with this, Farr developed a classification of diseases, the forerunner of today's international classifications administered by the World Health Organisation.’
    • ‘These discs were specially produced for the player, and included forerunners of today's audio books, such as an adaptation of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea.’
    • ‘About 10,000 years ago, the forerunners of today's sheep and goats are the first animals to be domesticated by the Neolithic inhabitants of the area.’
    • ‘The watchmen were the forerunners of today's police force.’
    • ‘As far as Bangalore is concerned, the erstwhile City Improvement Trust Board was the forerunner in developing housing layouts as early as in the nineteen fifties.’
    • ‘Our aim was to bring these resources together and the work we did made the partnership the forerunner to today's Local Strategic Partnership, which attracts millions of pounds of investment into the area.’
    • ‘Instead it was added at the cooking stage through the addition of substances like garum, which was made from salted anchovies, the forerunner of today's ketchup.’
    • ‘This was an early forerunner of the programmes developed some twenty years later for mainstreaming disabled children.’
    • ‘The initiative was perhaps the forerunner of today's hospitality boxes, although with a slight difference.’
    • ‘In reality he moved into offices in London's Victoria Street and set up the forerunner of today's MI5.’
    • ‘The forerunner of today's thrill-filled white knuckle rides has been putting people in York in a spin.’
    • ‘They were the forerunners of today's Afrocentric rappers, opening the door to a jazz/hip-hop union that continues to be experimented with from London to New York.’
    • ‘The forerunners of today's Thais gradually moved from what is now southern China into the area of the Mekong and Chao Phraya river basins.’
    • ‘The Army bought some for issue to the 1st Special Service Force, forerunners of today's Green Berets.’
    predecessor, precursor, antecedent, ancestor, forebear
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    1. 1.1A sign or warning of something to come.
      ‘overcast mornings are the sure forerunners of steady rain’
      • ‘Charlotte writes: ‘The heath is in full bloom now - I have waited and watched for its purple signal as the forerunner of your coming’.’
      • ‘Was it perhaps a warning about female intemperance, an early forerunner of Mother's Ruin?’
      • ‘The Buddha said, ‘Just as the dawn is the forerunner and the first indication of the rising sun, so is right view the forerunner and the first indication of wholesome states.’’
      • ‘Three birdies in the first five holes saw him close the gap with Els to only one as the players struggled in the continual rain that forecasters warned was a forerunner of a severe gale that was heading towards the Mount Juliet course.’
      • ‘Is this a forerunner of what to expect when the Germany Beck development of up to 700 homes is complete?’
      herald, harbinger, usher, advance guard
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    2. 1.2archaic An advance messenger.
      • ‘But before the storm sinks its teeth into the sky overhead, it sends a forerunner, a messenger to let everyone know it is on its way - the wind.’
      messenger, special messenger, dispatch rider, letter carrier, mail carrier, runner, bearer, message bearer, message carrier, delivery man, delivery woman, conveyor, envoy, emissary, harbinger, herald
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