Definition of fricative in English:

fricative

adjective

  • Denoting a type of consonant made by the friction of breath in a narrow opening, producing a turbulent air flow.

    ‘The present work aims at demonstrating the feasibility of high quality articulatory synthesis for fricative consonants, and in particular to match a given reference subject.’
    ‘The unvoiced fricative phonemes stem from the hissing of a steady airstream through the mouth.’

noun

  • A fricative consonant, e.g. f and th.

    • ‘But then, little by little, the words become only sounds, a random collection of glottals and fricatives, a storm of whirling phonemes.’
    • ‘We can note, for instance, the general avoidance of fricatives and affricates in pidgin phonological inventories.’
    • ‘The sounds that agree in voicing comprise stops, fricatives, and affricates.’
    • ‘Several other sounds originate in the back of the throat, often as a voiceless click rather than a voiced fricative.’
    • ‘It is relatively easy to learn to produce the fricatives corresponding to all the major places of articulation.’

Origin

Mid 19th century from modern Latin fricativus, from Latin fricare ‘to rub’.

Pronunciation

fricative

/ˈfrɪkətɪv/