Definition of fume in English:

fume

noun

usually fumes
  • 1An amount of gas or vapour that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale.

    ‘clouds of exhaust fumes spewed by cars’
    • ‘I also have become very ill from inhaling the fumes from the exhaust diesel gases that come from the buses.’
    • ‘And inhaling the exhaust fumes is unpleasant and unhealthy.’
    • ‘Many said they had smelled strong gas fumes during the explosion.’
    • ‘Today, health bosses pledged to offer all smokers the chance to give up smoking - while at the same time doing all they could to stop non-smokers inhaling poisonous fumes.’
    • ‘Inhaling nitric acid fumes can cause irritation or burns to the respiratory system and may lead to pneumonia and a collection of fluid in the lungs, which can be fatal.’
    • ‘You set fire to it, then deeply inhale the smoky poisonous fumes.’
    • ‘An elderly man died from inhaling poisonous fumes as he tried to put out a fire at his home.’
    • ‘I inhale fumes from the car mechanic's shop downstairs, I shower over the rumbling of the subway.’
    • ‘After paying him, he took off, leaving me to inhale his gas fumes, which led to yet another hacking spell.’
    • ‘If you suspect that someone has inhaled poisonous fumes, first assess the situation and your risk.’
    • ‘At around 3.30 am, after everyone had returned to the house and gone to bed, Mr Keith said he was alerted by the smell of fumes and a smoke alarm going off in the extension.’
    • ‘But on 6 March of that year Ross Lockridge killed himself with the fumes from his car exhaust.’
    • ‘The factors considered by the agency are noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke and artificial lighting as well as the discharge of any solid or liquid substance on to the land.’
    • ‘These alloys are very toxic and dangerous if beryllium fumes are not captured and exhausted by proper ventilating equipment.’
    • ‘But by the same token, I'm making an equally viable decision not to smoke - that includes not inhaling your stale fumes.’
    • ‘This should be followed by banning power stations, which spew out fumes and greenhouse gases.’
    • ‘Symptoms can be made worse by emotional stress, some foods, smells, fumes, smoke, or travelling.’
    • ‘Have a gas mask to prevent you from inhaling any hazardous fumes.’
    • ‘Many factors can affect the amount of fume generated and the toxicity hazards of those emissions.’
    • ‘Respirators must be worn if the ambient concentration of welding fumes exceeds prescribed exposure limits.’
    smoke, vapour, gas, exhalation, exhaust, effluvium, pollution
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    1. 1.1A pungent odour of a particular thing.
      ‘he breathed fumes of wine into her face’
      • ‘The shrine room was full of fragrant fumes of agarbathis and camphor and warm with the burning oil lamps.’
      • ‘The restaurant is warm and welcoming, an open kitchen fires out heady fumes of garlic, the servers are friendly and helpful, and the prices are great.’
      • ‘The fumes of alcohol and tobacco were poisonous.’
      • ‘The small feed and tack room door was slightly ajar; the fumes of oats and hay mingling in the warm, moist air of the summer afternoon.’
      • ‘I was feeling really dizzy, and no, it wasn't from the loud music and the fumes of B.O. wafting off of the dancing morons.’
      • ‘Suffocating, I crane my head above the crowd, gasping for air but taking in only steaming sweat and fumes of scotch.’
      • ‘Her stomach rumbled as the fumes of the stew reached her nostrils.’
      • ‘The fumes of the oil used to seal the hold were beginning to rise to greet the morning sun, and in her condition, Miri found the smell overwhelming.’
      • ‘Propping up his head on his hand, he gazed about in the room, the fumes of markers and paint lingering from the previous class.’
      • ‘The fumes of alcohol rising from it burned his nose.’
      • ‘After a moment, the fumes of the dried plants filled my nostrils, and I soon lost consciousness.’
      • ‘The fumes of the soup went into my mouth, and I was able to taste bits and pieces of it, and I liked what I did taste.’
      • ‘She quickly moved to the next seat, knowing that she couldn't tolerate the fumes of her colleague.’
      • ‘In the oppressive heat I could taste the nauseating fumes of paraffin.’
      • ‘Back in the car, filled with the fumes of composting grass cuttings, Graham was playing solitaire on his PDA while waiting.’
      • ‘The pig smell intensified, driving off more pleasant fumes of paint and honest sweat.’
      • ‘Let others suffer in the fumes of your fancy new car!’
      • ‘Once Soothesong passes, he continues his reconnoiter, breathing in the tempting fumes of meat broth greedily.’
      • ‘The candles lost their power; and the fumes of incense were just that; the smell of smoke, and nothing more.’
      • ‘Minerva was almost overcome by the fumes of hair products when she recently visited her hairdresser.’
      smell, stink, reek, stench, odour
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    2. 1.2literary A watery vapour, steam, or mist rising from the earth or sea.
      ‘a smouldering fume of dry frost’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Feel, show, or express great anger.

    ‘‘We simply cannot have this’, she fumed’
    ‘the minister reportedly fumed at officials of the department’
    • ‘Of course there have been times when I have fumed at the end of the phone line when some official gave me an answer I didn't like but as I get older I realise that sometimes the answer has to be ‘No’.’
    • ‘Motorists fumed at the blocked roads, rail travellers found many services severely hit and the RAC demanded a public inquiry into the nation's resources for coping with emergency conditions.’
    • ‘Residents of the David Murray John Tower fumed at being left out in the cold for an hour after a second 30-year-old lift failed and security guards said they could not allow them to use the stairs.’
    • ‘Since roadworks began on a stretch of the Naas carriageway motorists have fumed at being forced to keep to a 40 mph legal limit.’
    • ‘I fumed at the noisy, smelly, insensitive machismo of it.’
    • ‘Modi may have fumed at the audacity of a woman who could stand out in public and point a finger at him, but there was little that he could do to stop her.’
    • ‘Keane fumed at these failures and the defeatism that accompanied them as Chelsea dominated English football.’
    • ‘Our confusion quickly gave way to anger, and we fumed in suppressed rage.’
    • ‘Scarlett fumed at her brother but remained silent.’
    • ‘Wayne fumed at how ignorant and carefree Tanya was.’
    • ‘He still fumed at the accusations thrown towards him.’
    • ‘The queen fumed at this intrusion, ‘I told you to stay out until we were through.’’
    • ‘The officer who had left the army under a cloud was now, in 1940, being summoned by a prime minister who fumed at the ‘wasted brains’ in Britain.’
    • ‘‘But you're too full of yourself to even give me a chance to talk… explain’ he fumed at her but he didn't move any closer to her.’
    • ‘‘It says in the scriptwriting book that every character has an arc,’ he fumed at one point.’
    • ‘Julia silently fumed at the lack of concern over her departure.’
    • ‘The normally phlegmatic Jones fumed at reports suggesting that Radcliffe was anything less than ready, saying they might act as an incentive to her rivals.’
    • ‘But Erin only fumed at him, and when the king knocked at the door of her bedchamber, she didn't even answer.’
    • ‘He sat stiffly beside her on the ground, fuming.’
    • ‘I can almost hear the smoke fuming out of her ears.’
    be furious, be enraged, be angry, seethe, smoulder, simmer, boil, be livid, be incensed, bristle, be beside oneself, spit, chafe
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  • 2Emit gas or vapour.

    ‘fragments of lava hit the ground, fuming and sizzling’
    • ‘It was sounding like a scratched holodisc right now and smoke was fuming out of it's light receptor.’
    • ‘Smoke fumed out from the hood and it looked like that something blew up.’
    • ‘Birds, generally, will not tolerate human beings, especially human beings with gigantic clumsy flying machines that fume with black smoke and sound like a flying earthquake.’
    • ‘Todd was bright red with anger now and looked as if smoke would start to fume from his ears.’
    emit smoke, emit gas, smoke
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    1. 2.1usually as adjective fumedwith object Expose (something, especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints.
      ‘the fumed oak sideboard’
      • ‘This finish is the effect of steaming, a process that stains the natural red of the oak to a fumed black.’
      • ‘The fuming process is used to turn the color of these woods into other shades of yellow and honey-browns.’

Origin

Late Middle English from Old French fumer (verb), from Latin fumare ‘to smoke’.

Pronunciation

fume

/fjuːm/