Definition of fundamentalism in English:

fundamentalism

noun

mass noun
  • 1A form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.

    ‘there was religious pluralism there at a time when the rest of Europe was torn by fundamentalism’
    • ‘Some sections of Protestant fundamentalism criticise the Catholic Church for having a pope.’
    • ‘Then, for some reason, the subject changed to fundamentalism and the US Bible belt.’
    • ‘Fundamentalism is not an aspect of his politics, it is the entire basis.’
    • ‘I think there is no school of fundamentalism that remotely approximates to this level of dominance, or even aspires to it.’
    • ‘Neither does it have any problem with Christian fundamentalism.’
    • ‘It seems the approach Webster took to telling the messages of the Bible was one of basic fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Religious revivalism sometimes took the form of extreme literalism, often termed fundamentalism.’
    • ‘Twentieth-century fundamentalism has acted as a drag on secularizing tendencies.’
    • ‘This bill is important, because so many times we hear speeches in this House based on moral outrage and fundamentalism.’
    • ‘The main selling point for fundamentalism's Bible prophecies is to get insight into what is coming soon.’
    fanaticism, radicalism, zealotry, zeal, fundamentalism, dogmatism, bigotry, militancy, activism
    1. 1.1Strict adherence to the basic principles of any subject or discipline.
      ‘free-market fundamentalism’
      • ‘Market fundamentalism is dead, that much is clear.’
      • ‘Contrary to the false ideology of market fundamentalism, financial markets do not tend towards equilibrium, they need to be managed.’
      • ‘The high priests of free market fundamentalism continue to force through destructive policies with all the fervour of religious zealots.’
      • ‘Economic fundamentalism is a dangerous, ill conceived and atavistic movement.’
      • ‘Application of this form of economic fundamentalism to higher education will indeed destroy tenure and education itself.’
      • ‘We inhabit a secular fundamentalism which rules out spiritual apprehensions as things belonging to a primitive era.’
      • ‘The answer lies not in holding fast to the paling phantom of scientific fundamentalism but carving new cognitive niches without losing touch with substantive knowledge.’
      • ‘There is not a hint of irrational moral fundamentalism in what she has to say.’

Modern Christian fundamentalism arose from American millenarian sects of the 19th century, and has become associated with reaction against social and political liberalism and rejection of the theory of evolution. Islamic fundamentalism appeared in the 18th and 19th centuries as a reaction to the disintegration of Islamic political and economic power, asserting that Islam is central to both state and society and advocating strict adherence to the Koran (Qur'an) and to Islamic law (sharia)

Pronunciation

fundamentalism

/fʌndəˈmɛnt(ə)lɪz(ə)m/