Definition of genotype in English:


Pronunciation /ˈjenəˌtīp/ /ˈdʒɛnəˌtaɪp/ /ˈjēnəˌtīp/ /ˈdʒinəˌtaɪp/

Translate genotype into Spanish


  • The genetic constitution of an individual organism.

    Often contrasted with phenotype

    ‘What evidence to you have that the genotype of such organisms has not evolved?’
    • ‘Phenotypic plasticity enables individuals or genotypes to assume obviously different phenotypes during the life cycle.’
    • ‘To determine the haplotypes of an individual, the genotypes of both parents may be required.’
    • ‘These strains offer the genetic reproducibility that is so valuable in lab mice, but with a wider variety of genotypes and phenotypes.’
    • ‘If a hypolipidaemic drug were found to be effective in only one genetic subgroup the genotypes would be of more interest.’

transitive verb

[with object]
  • Investigate the genetic constitution of (an individual organism)

    ‘the person appointed will be responsible for maintaining and genotyping many different lines of zebra fish’
    • ‘Eighteen microsatellites were genotyped in order to investigate which population of the adjacent countries was the possible source.’
    • ‘All other plants from crosses involving a resistant mutant line were genotyped.’
    • ‘Many rams have already been genotyped for their ability to pass on resistance to scrapie.’
    • ‘The lines are for when the cost of genotyping a single marker is expressed in the units of the cost of rearing.’
    • ‘This analysis was preceded by genotyping the main ancestors of the southern soybean gene pool for the flanking markers.’


Early 20th century from German Genotypus, from Greek genos ‘race, offspring’ + -tupos ‘type’.