Definition of ginkgo in English:


(also gingko)

Pronunciation /ˈɡɪŋkɡəʊ/ /ˈɡɪŋkəʊ/

nounginkgos, ginkgoes

  • A deciduous Chinese tree related to the conifers, with fan-shaped leaves and yellow flowers. It has a number of primitive features and is similar to some Jurassic fossils.

    Ginkgo biloba, the only living member of the family Ginkgoaceae and order Ginkgoales, class Coniferopsida

    • ‘Investigators have suggested that these fossils represent new growth from cycads, deciduous trees, ginkgos and, most commonly, conifer trees.’
    • ‘On land, the vegetation generally consisted of conifers, cycads, ginkgos, ferns and horsetails.’
    • ‘Plant life consisted mainly of ferns and seed-ferns, with new plants like conifers and ginkgos coming into prominence.’
    • ‘Many of the plants are endangered species, including the dove tree and the ginkgo.’
    • ‘The scientists analysed fossils of gingkoes and ferns that were growing at the time to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide that was in the air.’


Late 18th century from Japanese ginkyō, from Chinese yínxìng.



/ˈɡɪŋkɡəʊ/ /ˈɡɪŋkəʊ/