# Main definitions of graph in English

: graph1graph2

## graph1

### noun

• 1A diagram showing the relation between variable quantities, typically of two variables, each measured along one of a pair of axes at right angles.

• ‘In fact, all the real values are already in the graph along the x axis also called the real axis.’
• ‘These personnel also undertook much of the preparation of the visual evidential aids such as isographs, histograms, graphs, bar charts, photographs, tables, as built programmes and overlays.’
• ‘You can chart variables on a graph and look at speed, power (a calculated estimate), temperature and altitude.’
• ‘He notes that the pair provide graphs but no statistical analysis of their data.’
• ‘The graph above shows the ‘survival curves’, which shows how long patients survived in each group.’
• ‘And just last fortnight the country's leading economic newspaper produced a page full of pie charts and graphs devoted to tracking bumps and dips in consumer viewing.’
• ‘I've seen the pie charts and graphs so there's no arguing with their facts and findings.’
• ‘I think it's very useful to have simple pie charts and graphs telling a colour-coded story.’
• ‘No amount of surveys, graphs and pie charts will ever make me understand why this occurs.’
• ‘It is easier to see what is happening if we plot the ratios on a graph.’
• ‘In general the text is slowed by frequent resort to lists of statistics that would be conveyed more effectively in a simple graph or diagram.’
• ‘Bar charts, bar graphs, pie charts, or other charts and graphs are one of the most common methods of displaying information of various kinds.’
• ‘I can download data on to my PC for an intensive analysis, complete with color-coded graphs and bar charts.’
• ‘The data may be visual, ie., images, charts, graphs, or diagrams or a written description.’
• ‘Error bars in the graphs reflect the standard deviation of 10 repeated runs.’
• ‘The tool should also be able to generate a report easily through graphs and diagrams of the data and their relationships.’
• ‘Their eyes teeming with concentration searched the graphs and numbers on the screen intently as the information changed second by second.’
• ‘Indeed, an accompanying bar graph illustrated what many of us have suspected all along.’
• ‘The inset graph shows the initial rate of water loss from these samples.’
• ‘However, the manually plotted graphs were time consuming and susceptible to drafting errors.’
chart, diagram, grid
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1. 1.1Mathematics A collection of points whose coordinates satisfy a given relation.
• ‘Otherwise, the implication is that the use of coordinate graphs simply adds to the learner's syntactic translational problem.’
• ‘A directed graph is a collection of nodes and edges.’
• ‘Links on the Web and citation relations between scientific articles can both be described as mathematical graphs.’
• ‘For a time there was controversy over this issue, but it's now clear that the threshold phenomena in graphs and other mathematical structures are genuine phase transitions.’
• ‘The second form is based on walks over complete graphs and offers numerically tractable solutions for an increasing number of taxa.’

### verb

[with object]
• Plot or trace on a graph.

• ‘A frequency ranking of student graphing errors indicates that graphing problems are related to a combination of factors involving the software, the student, and the instruction.’
• ‘Specifically, we graphed a 3-day moving average of temperatures.’
• ‘The data is then graphed in an x - y comparison plot.’
• ‘By graphing these responses, the team worked out the exact size of each subject's working memory.’
• ‘However, graphing the data this way also further separates the data in the wrong direction.’
• ‘Median scores were graphed by class for all survey administration times.’
• ‘Incidentally, I graphed the statistics for US passports issued per year.’
• ‘The fourth recommendation advocates the use of mathematical software or graphing calculators.’
• ‘In the next graph the monthly price of Gold is graphed versus the U.S. money supply.’
• ‘I was in my usual spot in the library, graphing an inverse parabola, when a shadow fell over me.’
• ‘Some or all of the statistics should be graphed over time.’
• ‘One fourth grade teacher designed the following mathematics project to incorporate measurement, statistics and graphing.’
• ‘Students can use graphing calculators or computers to solve calculus problems and to explore many different kinds of mathematical behavior.’
• ‘Statistical software with graphing capabilities is readily available and easy to use.’
• ‘We carefully examined each of the 134 graphs and tallied errors on a checklist of common graphing errors we developed.’
• ‘Distributions of important variables were graphed and summary statistics calculated.’
• ‘I went back to my own locker and spent the next hour and a half working on a sheet of old Kinetics equations and graphing exponential functions to get me ready for class.’
• ‘Time series data such as changes in the elevation of Lake Michigan over the year, or changes in the number of bacteria per ml over a day, should be graphed as a line graph.’
• ‘The profile summarizes students' strengths and weaknesses and facilitates interpretation of the data, by graphing the scores from the scoring form.’
• ‘There are also some related activities, such as organizing the derivative values in a table and graphing the results, that the students perform by hand with paper and pencil.’
plot, trace, draw up, delineate
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### Origin

Late 19th century abbreviation of graphic formula.

/ɡrɑːf/ /ɡraf/

: graph1graph2

## graph2

### noun

Linguistics
• A visual symbol representing a unit of sound or other feature of speech. Graphs include not only letters of the alphabet but also punctuation marks.

• ‘The initial step is the conversion of the word sequences to a phoneme transcription graph.’
• ‘For example, many children's names contain trigraphs and digraphs and graphs that represent phonemes other than those taught as "the appropriate sound".’
• ‘In the present invention, the lexical graph has phoneme branches.’

### Origin

1930s from Greek graphē ‘writing’.

/ɡrɑːf/ /ɡraf/