Definición de hypertonic en Inglés


Pronunciación /ˌhīpərˈtänik/ /ˌhaɪpərˈtɑnɪk/


  • 1Biología
    Having a higher osmotic pressure than a particular fluid, typically a body fluid or intracellular fluid.

    ‘Vasopressin continued to act in patients excreting isotonic or hypertonic urine, so hypotonic intake must be avoided in them.’
    • ‘In hypertonic syndromes the brain compensates by increasing osmoles in the brain cells.’
    • ‘Neurologically they are hypertonic and may have frequent episodes of apnea.’
    • ‘If water flows from the cell into the stronger solution outside, the external solution is said to be hypertonic.’
    • ‘Being a breakdown product of hemoglobin, urine is colored by urobilinogen and is more hypertonic than plasma and more acid.’
  • 2Fisiología
    Of or in a state of abnormally high muscle tone.

    ‘Whilst the muscles are not necessarily hypertonic in osteoporosis they are likely to have undergone fibrotic changes.’
    • ‘When the nervous system becomes involved, the muscle tendon bundles remain hypertonic and pain reflexes in the area are activated.’