Definition of ideology in English:

ideology

nounideologies

  • 1A system of ideas and ideals, especially one which forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.

    ‘the ideology of republicanism’
    • ‘If I'm a realist, that means I think judges ought to decide cases on the basis of my political ideology.’
    • ‘The term Libertarian stands for a political ideology that basis itself on freedom.’
    • ‘Finally, a political party is the convergence of a group of people based on their political ideals and ideologies.’
    • ‘The new party has to be nationalist, built on sound principles of open ideology and economic policies.’
    • ‘He is guided neither by the maxims of a political ideology nor by conspicuous moral principle, but rather by a simple need to retain power.’
    • ‘Another thing I don't understand is the romantic idea that ‘anarchy’ is a political ideology.’
    • ‘Of course, motives, ideals, and ideologies do play a role in political violence.’
    • ‘This position seems quite incompatible with a political ideology that claims ethical and moral superiority.’
    • ‘In examining the evidence, one must conclude that Gaullism is neither a doctrine nor a political ideology.’
    • ‘This decision is quite obviously influenced by the political ideology of the political party in power now.’
    • ‘Multiculturalism is a political ideology that has completely altered the demographic identity of this nation.’
    • ‘Traditionally, the name of a party represents its political ideology and values.’
    • ‘Economic ideology is most strongly predicted by income and other indicators of economic class position.’
    • ‘I have two questions: why are so many people in this thread necessarily equating fascism, a political ideology with one form of fascism?’
    • ‘All nation-states, whatever their political ideology, have persecuted minorities in the past and many continue to do so today.’
    • ‘He does not subscribe to the ideology of any political party.’
    • ‘Economic ideology took a decidedly secondary place, with respect to what they considered as an overriding historical imperative.’
    • ‘The Stalinists had played a central role in Nasser's career and in facilitating Nasserism as a political ideology.’
    • ‘The imposition of any one version of knowledge would be expected to reflect the ideology of the controlling political group.’
    • ‘He thinks of Europe as being a brake on the ideology of economic unilateralism which is capitalist, conservative and reactionary.’
    beliefs, ideas, ideals, principles, doctrine, creed, credo, teaching, dogma, theory, thesis, tenets, canon, canons
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    1. 1.1The set of beliefs characteristic of a social group or individual.
      ‘a critique of bourgeois ideology’
      • ‘Other readings of the text will be based on individuals' contexts and ideologies.’
      • ‘But these social ideologies were united in their underlying belief that economic progress was the way to go.’
      • ‘He discusses how the readers of crime fiction are caught up in the middle-class ideologies of the individual.’
      • ‘Thirdly, the biotechnology policy debates are influenced by the prevailing ideologies of conflicting social domains.’
      • ‘In a modern state, it is a basic role of the government to protect its citizens irrespective of their ideology and beliefs.’
      • ‘There will always be a small percentage of religious extremists in any religion, who will simply not tolerate other ideologies or beliefs.’
      • ‘In an age when our other beliefs and ideologies were fading away, we could at least believe in UFOs.’
      • ‘Motherly love was glorified within the ideology of the bourgeois family.’
      • ‘After 1848, the argument goes, the interested character of bourgeois ideology became apparent.’
      • ‘Well, that's unfair, but at least grounded in ideology and belief.’
      • ‘There may be a distinction between the professed ideology of a group and the actual beliefs of individual members.’
      • ‘The Nordic sexual culture is characterized by an ideology of gender equality.’
      • ‘There were also clearly individuals whose ideologies and policy changed on the assumption of power.’
      • ‘McGuinness has an ideology: it's the tired old bourgeois individualism that he's been hacking around for ages.’
      • ‘I saw, that whatever the religion, social behaviour was contradictory to their teachings and ideologies.’
      • ‘The emphasis, in line with Mr Howard's ideology, was on individual responsibility.’
      • ‘It simply means we believe that war is not the way, that life is a gift and that no cause, no belief, no ideology justifies the taking of innocent life.’
      • ‘The idea and meaning of self help today embraces an ideology, an ideal, a practice, and a way of life.’
      • ‘What are the political consequences of an ideology that equates thinness with virtue and fat with vice?’
      • ‘Moreover, this practice was legitimated through an ideology based on Hellenistic ideals.’
      system of belief, set of principles, statement of beliefs, profession of faith
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  • 2archaic mass noun The science of ideas; the study of their origin and nature.

    ‘It was this discipline that he described as ideology - literally, the science of ideas.’
    ‘Jyishu had studied environmental politics and ideology in college, and had spent a brief spell working on the conservation parks in the Amazon.’
    1. 2.1archaic Visionary speculation, especially of an unrealistic or idealistic nature.
      ‘Now the other, perhaps rather obvious point that Jameson raises, is the relation between fantasy and ideology.’
      ‘We have to resist engagement in the concoction of large inspiriting narratives, because they so easily seduce in fantasy or ideology.’

Origin

Late 18th century (in ideology (sense 2)): from French idéologie, from Greek idea ‘form, pattern’ + -logos (denoting discourse or compilation).

Pronunciation

ideology

/ˌʌɪdɪˈɒlədʒi/