Definition of information in English:


Pronunciation /ˌinfərˈmāSH(ə)n/ /ˌɪnfərˈmeɪʃ(ə)n/

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  • 1Facts provided or learned about something or someone.

    ‘a vital piece of information’
    • ‘The unit will provide information and advice to members of the public on their rights and entitlements.’
    • ‘Facts provide information which is free from the contamination of a subjective viewpoint.’
    • ‘They will also be consulted on plans for future developments and receive regular information about the hospital.’
    • ‘But now the regular information they received from police has ground to a halt.’
    • ‘Disputes often arise about what information was in fact provided in a given case.’
    • ‘He said another new witness had been found who could provide vital information regarding an identification issue.’
    • ‘Yes, but I have to say it is still unusual for one person to receive three pieces of information from three separate sources.’
    • ‘There are some pieces of information that I will provide here that I believe are worth reading.’
    • ‘He's always there to provide those pieces of information that are forgotten by the others.’
    • ‘Women who are Rhesus negative will receive information and counselling about the treatment.’
    • ‘The charity provides advice and information on topics such as access to benefits and services.’
    • ‘You, sir, for what ever reason, work hard to provide solid information on a regular basis that I can use.’
    • ‘He had missed the midday news broadcast that had announced this vital piece of information.’
    • ‘Your letter provides no facts, details or information that in anyway contradict the article.’
    • ‘This is a national helpline that can provide sound advice and information on giving up smoking.’
    • ‘The information service can provide you with information and advice on all your rights and entitlements.’
    • ‘The Murray family believe one person has a vital piece of information that could lead to a breakthrough in the case.’
    • ‘Drug treatment, counselling services, and advice and information may be provided from a primary service.’
    • ‘Police stressed the man was not a suspect or under arrest but hoped he could provide vital information that could lead them to the killer.’
    • ‘The trial had heard that a vital piece of information was missing.’
    details, particulars, facts, figures, statistics, data
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Law A formal criminal charge lodged with a court or magistrate by a prosecutor without the aid of a grand jury.
      ‘the tenant may lay an information against his landlord’
      • ‘The rule developed during a period of extreme formality and technicality in the preferring of indictments and laying of informations.’
      • ‘However, the duty of the court is to hear informations which are properly before it.’
      • ‘The Local Court Magistrate quashed and declared void the informations.’
      • ‘These private informations came before the Justice of the Peace for the pre-hearing required under Section 507.1 of the Criminal Code.’
      • ‘When the justices purported to commit the appellant on these informations, they were doing something which in law they had no power to do.’
  • 2What is conveyed or represented by a particular arrangement or sequence of things.

    ‘genetically transmitted information’
    • ‘Nearly half are sensory which convey information to the brain; the rest are motor which transmit orders from the brain.’
    • ‘Topic Maps are useful because they convey more information we can use.’
    • ‘The bandwidth constraints of the internet force us to find more concise ways to represent information.’
    • ‘The choice of axioms in a logical system can represent content specific information.’
    • ‘Nine times out of ten these calls convey information that no one needs to know.’
    • ‘The price information was then conveyed back to Europe or other relevant locations.’
    • ‘The forms in which information was conveyed were often not transparent or intuitive.’
    • ‘The central characteristic of the genre is accuracy in conveying information about cities and ancient buildings.’
    • ‘Money is supposed to convey information about the economic value of a product or service.’
    • ‘Even so, we may still be forced to contemplate changes in the way information is conveyed.’
    • ‘I love maps, especially maps that convey information about our world in a novel way.’
    • ‘Then the scientists measured how much information the songs could convey.’
    • ‘In general, information about sport was conveyed by newspapers or by word-of-mouth.’
    • ‘Another official at the agency said its staff tried to convey relevant information quickly this time.’
    • ‘It must sit on something, it must be able to convey its information to somewhere; it must be able to be reset.’
    • ‘They convey useful information about the perceived scarcity of the resource.’
    • ‘We need to look outside of the ‘normal channels’ used to convey security information.’
    • ‘The practitioner, in turn, may consciously or unconsciously convey this information to the patient.’
    • ‘He doesn't ever answer why the system's price conveys the correct global information.’
    • ‘They are physically expressive and convey emotional information through touch.’
    1. 2.1Computing Data as processed, stored, or transmitted by a computer.
      ‘All the cards contain a computer chip which stores information, such as what type of meal has been purchased by the pupil.’
      • ‘Although the hardware is still at a very basic stage, the theory of how quantum computers process information is well advanced.’
      • ‘At that price, he reasoned, it would finally be cheaper to store information on computer than it is on paper.’
      • ‘Staff at the Revenue have wide access to computers, which store information on up to 60m people.’
      • ‘Codes act as tags that are placed on data about people to allow the information to be processed by the computer.’
      • ‘Where does all of this electronic information get stored and how do children process it?’
      • ‘In most computer systems, the information is carried by wires and electronic parts.’
      • ‘They have revealed fears that the information stored on blank discs is vulnerable to being lost within a decade.’
      • ‘There is also provision to change the information stored on the battery-operated boards.’
      • ‘MPO lets processors store information locally so it is there when they need it, without those latencies.’
      • ‘Your computer accesses the information a little at a time, just ahead of what you're listening to.’
      • ‘They had to programme their robot by using a computer and downloading the information into the robot via a Lego brick.’
      • ‘All the information was stored by the digital camera when the picture was taken.’
      • ‘A desktop machine built three years ago would be enough to store all the information needed.’
      • ‘This takes snapshots of a system's hard disk content and stores the information in a compressed form on a server.’
      • ‘The client software can then be used to keep the information on the handset synchronized with the information stored on the server.’
      • ‘Hibernation is when the system stores all the information it has in its memory onto the hard disk, then shuts down.’
      • ‘Bios information is stored inside a chip housed on the computer's motherboard.’
      • ‘The computer can record how accurately information is processed and how quickly.’
      • ‘You can use a laptop computer to download information about the performance of the machine.’
    2. 2.2(in information theory) a mathematical quantity expressing the probability of occurrence of a particular sequence of symbols, impulses, etc., as contrasted with that of alternative sequences.


Late Middle English (also in the sense ‘formation of the mind, teaching’), via Old French from Latin informatio(n-), from the verb informare (see inform).