1The dried rhizome of a South American shrub, or a drug prepared from this, used as an emetic and expectorant.
- ‘Doctors resorted to medications that purged the poison from the body - mercury laxatives, calomel, and emetics such as ipecacuanha.’
- ‘Expectorants for example guaiphenesin, ammonium chloride, squill, sodium citrate and ipecacuanha may help chesty coughs.’
- ‘Eight understory species clustered together, but two understory species, P. emetica and P. ipecacuanha, both with unusually high root: shoot ratios, were positioned far from the centroid for understory species.’
- ‘Stimulants, in the form of turpentine emulsion and doses of ipecacuanha, reinforced the weak pulse rate and stimulated blood flow.’
- ‘Large doses of ipecacuanha cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.’
2The shrub that produces ipecacuanha, native to Brazil and cultivated elsewhere.
Cephaelis ipecacuanha, family Rubiaceae
- 2.1Used in names of other plants with similar uses to ipecacuanha, e.g. American ipecacuanha.
Early 17th century from Portuguese, from Tupi-Guarani ipekaaguéne ‘emetic creeper’, from ipe ‘small’ + kaa ‘leaves’ + guéne ‘vomit’.