Definition of Jainism in English:



  • A nontheistic religion founded in India in the 6th century BC as a reaction against the teachings of orthodox Brahmanism, and still practiced there. The Jain religion teaches salvation by perfection through successive lives, and noninjury to living creatures, and is noted for its ascetics.

    See also Svetambara and Digambara

    ‘Like my religion of Jainism, Buddhism teaches this practice of patient restraint.’
    • ‘Jains celebrate the attaining of Moksha (Nirvana, or eternal bliss) by the founder of Jainism, Lord Mahavira.’
    • ‘Even today Jainism is practiced in many parts of India especially in the State of Gujarat and parts of Karnataka.’
    • ‘Nonviolence, ahimsa, the primary basis of vegetarianism, has long been central to the religious traditions of India - especially Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.’
    • ‘Christianity emphasises the importance of love, compassion and service; Islam, the brotherhood of man and Jainism, compassion to all creatures great and small.’



/ˈjāˌnizəm/ /ˈdʒeɪˌnɪzəm/


Mid 19th century from Jain + -ism.