Definition of jatropha in English:



  • Any of various plants or shrubs of the genus Jatropha (family Euphorbiaceae ), one species of which (Jatropha curcas) produces seeds that can be used in the production of biodiesel.

    • ‘Over 11.85 lakh hectares, roughly 20 per cent of the wasteland in Madhya Pradesh, has been acquired for jatropha cultivation.’
    • ‘Most of the windmill units have started planting jatropha with drip irrigation facility.’
    • ‘He said tobacco farmers could explore the cultivation of the jatropha plant, whose seed contains edible oil.’
    • ‘It has taken up jatropha cultivation in a major way.’
    • ‘In April, we acquired a 50 percent stake in a company that grows and processes a plant called jatropha.’
    • ‘In parts of rural India and Africa this provides much-needed jobs - about 200,000 people worldwide now find employment through jatropha.’
    • ‘According to the Energy and Resources Institute in New Delhi, a hectare of jatropha can produce four times as much fuel as a hectare of soybeans.’
    • ‘Other countries, such as the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and several African states, have begun to sow jatropha for future use in biodiesel.’
    • ‘They are spurred on by big oil companies like BP and the British biofuel giant D1 Oils, which are investing millions of dollars in jatropha cultivation.’
    • ‘Jatropha can grow on virtually barren land with relatively little rainfall, so it can be planted in places where food does not grow well.’
    • ‘The minister said the Government was ready to help farmers with acquisition of the jatropha seeds and information on how to grow the plant.’
    • ‘Studies show that planting arid or wastelands that are unsuitable for food production with inedible biofuel crops such as jatropha could provide a way out.’
    • ‘A research conducted by the agricultural engineering college and research institute of TNAU showed that 30-35 % of oil can be extracted from the seed of the jatropha.’
    • ‘The main advantage of using jatropha is that during a preparation process called ' esterification ', it generates a by-product, glycerine, that fetches Rs 40 per kg.’
    • ‘Jatropha requires no pesticides, Mr. Samake said, little water other than rain and no fertilizer beyond the nutrient-rich seed cake left after oil is pressed from its nuts.’
    • ‘Oil-importing countries are considering the production of biodiesel from physic nut or jatropha grown on degraded land.’
    • ‘But the company says it plans to start making biodiesel from a tree-like weed called jatropha.’
    • ‘Varieties like jungle jalebi and jatropha are ideal for wastelands while sadabhar, saijjan, kadambh, maulshree and sweet neem all germinate on their own and don't need maintenance. "’
    • ‘Mr Sharma said the farmers were apprised about the cultivation of different medicinal plants like jatropha, guarpatha and amla and also how to rotate their cycle.’
    • ‘The Perumbur plant makes the bio-fuel from jatropha and pungum plants.’


Mid 18th century modern Latin (genus name), from Greek iatros ‘physician’ + trophē ‘nourishment’.